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Patent
Top Victory Investments Ltd. | Date: 2015-11-19

An Internet-of-Things (IoT) system includes energy harvesting devices, IoT devices, and a monitoring device. The energy harvesting devices harvest the same or different types of ambient energy to provide a single-mode or multi-mode energy harvesting function, respectively. Each IoT device coupled to at least one energy harvesting device includes a control module, a wireless network module, and an energy storage module. The control module determines, according to energy supplied by the at least one energy harvesting device, whether to control the at least one energy harvesting device to supply energy to the IoT device and charge the energy storage module, or whether to control the energy storage module to supply energy to the IoT device. The wireless network modules of the IoT devices are coupled together to form a wireless ad hoc network (WANET). The monitoring device monitors operating conditions of the IoT devices through the WANET.

Claims which contain your search:

1. An Internet-of-Things (IoT) system having a single-mode or multi-mode energy harvesting function, the IoT system comprising: a plurality of energy harvesting devices for harvesting ambient energy, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices harvest the same type of ambient energy to provide the single-mode energy harvesting function, or different types of ambient energy to provide the multi-mode energy harvesting function; a plurality of IoT devices, wherein each of the plurality of IoT devices comprises a control module, a wireless network module, and an energy storage module, and the control module is coupled to the wireless network module, the energy storage module, and at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices, wherein the control module determines whether energy supplied by the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices is more than a first threshold, and, if yes, controls the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices to supply energy to corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices and charge the energy storage module, or, if no, controls the energy storage module to supply energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices, wherein the wireless network modules of the plurality of IoT devices are coupled together to form a wireless ad hoc network (WANET); and a monitoring device for monitoring operating conditions of the plurality of IoT devices through the WANET.

2. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein, when the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices supplies energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices and charges the energy storage module, the control module further determines whether energy stored in the energy storage module is more than a second threshold, and, if yes, controls the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices to stop supplying energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices and charging the energy storage module, and further determines whether to control energy harvested by the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices to transfer to another one of the plurality of IoT devices according to the monitoring device.

3. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein, when the energy storage module supplies energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices, the control module further determines whether energy stored in the energy storage module is less than a third threshold, and, if yes, controls the wireless network module to notify the monitoring device through the WANET to search external energy to support.

6. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a solar cell for harvesting ambient energy of light.

7. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a solar thermal collector for harvesting ambient energy of heat.

8. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a thermoelectric generator for harvesting ambient energy of a temperature difference.

9. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a piezoelectric transducer for harvesting ambient energy of vibration.

10. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a rectenna for harvesting ambient energy of an electromagnetic wave.

12. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the energy storage module comprises a rechargeable battery, a capacitor, or a supercapacitor.

...

Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: RES IN NETWORKING TECH & SYS | Award Amount: 168.00K | Year: 2016

With smart sensing devices becoming a ubiquitous part of our connected world, the need to support large-scale communication involving Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices is becoming a reality. IoT traffic needs to be carried over cellular networks as it is the primary wide-area wireless communication infrastructure. However, the current 3GPP architecture and protocols are inefficient and difficult to scale, even if a small fraction of all IoT devices are mobile and have to be addressable/reachable through the Internet. In addition, link layer operations, traffic scheduling, and transport protocols currently in use are not well suited for typical short, periodic and bursty IoT communication patterns. This project aims to address these limitations by re-designing core operations and protocols involved in IoT data communication over cellular networks. The issues that the project will address are not only central to the efficient operation of current 3G/4G and future 5G networks, but must be solved to make the grand vision of the Internet-of-Things a reality. Through participation by industrial partners, the team will maximize the relevance and outreach of research to practice. The PIs will involve undergraduate students in their research, and integrate findings from this research into graduate courses, and encourage participation of under-represented students.

Addressing the limitations of IoT data communication over cellular networks is challenging, as it requires supporting stringent requirements on limited capability (such as low power) end-systems, and maintaining only small amounts of state in the cellular network on a per-device basis. To address these challenges, the project will investigate novel mechanisms to eliminate cellular network tunnels by leveraging the locality of typical IoT mobility patterns and the capabilities of protocols that separate location-from-identity. Second, the project will investigate cross-layer mechanisms for adaptive optimization of Radio Resource Control (RRC) configurations towards attaining an ideal balance between end-device energy efficiency and information exchange overhead in the network. Third, the project will investigate new mechanisms for efficient traffic scheduling over the air-interface. Finally, the project plans to design a new transport that can dynamically adapt based on IoT application requirements, and is flexible enough to effectively handle the varying size of data transfers. The solutions will take into account the specific properties in IoT communication.

...
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How does the expertise of two organizations compare?
Organizations compared on records for related keywords
What’s the commercial readiness level of this field?
Evolution of record type per year
What kind of sources are most common?
Weight of records per source
Name Score Publications Conferences Grants Patents Trademarks News Webs
1461.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
IBM
330.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
309.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
287.4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
249.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
181.4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
174.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
166.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
155.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
148.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
146.9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
134.9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
134.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
133.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
125.8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
117.6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
117.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
116.9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
116.6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
114.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
106.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
102.6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
98.3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
98.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
97.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
90.9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
88.8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
85.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
84.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
83.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
81.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
79.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
ABB
79.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
79.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
79.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
77.3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
77.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
74.3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
73.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
72.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
71.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
70.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
70.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
69.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
69.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
67.3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
67.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
67.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
66.9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
66.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
63.1 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
62.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
60.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
59.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
58.7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
58.0 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
57.9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
57.3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
RTI
56.6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
55.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
54.4 1 9 4 10 10 10 10
University of Cambridge
54.2 3 5 6 10 10 10 10
Hewlett - Packard
53.5 1 3 - 10 10 10 10
Nokia Inc.
53.0 3 7 - 10 10 10 10
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
52.7 - 1 - 10 10 10 10
AMI
49.9 - - - 10 10 10 10
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
49.4 11 21 - 10 10 10 10
Polytechnic of Milan
48.9 8 12 2 10 10 10 10
Smart Energy
48.1 - - - 10 10 10 10
University of California at Berkeley
48.1 6 8 2 10 10 10 10
Wattstopper
47.1 - - - 10 10 10 10
SmartThings
46.5 - - - 10 10 10 10
Hitachi Data Systems
46.4 - - - 10 10 10 10
Acuity Brands
46.3 - - - 10 10 10 10
Orange Group
46.2 17 17 2 10 10 10 10
Alarm.com Holdings Inc.
45.8 - - - 10 10 10 10
University of Padua
45.6 5 12 - 10 10 10 10
Ericsson AB
45.0 7 8 - 10 10 10 10
University of Virginia
44.7 4 5 2 10 10 10 10
EMC
44.2 - - - 10 10 10 10
Alarm.com
44.1 - - - 10 10 10 10
Hitachi Ltd.
44.0 2 - - 10 10 10 10
Catalonia Technology Center of Telecomunications
43.1 10 9 4 10 10 10 10
NXP Semiconductors
43.0 - 5 2 10 10 10 10
Industrial Internet Consortium
42.3 - - - 10 10 10 10
ETH Zurich
41.9 5 25 1 10 10 10 10
Vellore Institute of Technology
41.8 12 3 - 10 10 10 10
Softbank
41.6 - - - 10 10 10 10
RMB
41.3 - - - 10 10 10 10
Hitachi Insight Group
40.3 - - - 10 10 10 10
University of Salento
40.0 11 7 - 10 10 10 10
Tampere University of Technology
40.0 8 17 - 10 10 10 10
University of Washington
39.7 - 5 3 10 10 10 10
Fujitsu Limited
39.6 5 3 - 10 10 10 10
Telefonica
39.6 - - 2 10 10 10 10
Imperial College London
39.5 6 10 2 10 10 10 10
Sungkyunkwan University
39.5 11 7 - 10 10 10 10
Powercor
39.3 - - - 10 10 10 10
CPS Energy
39.1 - - - 10 10 10 10
University of Aalborg
39.0 5 6 4 10 10 10 10

Patent
Top Victory Investments Ltd. | Date: 2015-11-19

An Internet-of-Things (IoT) system includes energy harvesting devices, IoT devices, and a monitoring device. The energy harvesting devices harvest the same or different types of ambient energy to provide a single-mode or multi-mode energy harvesting function, respectively. Each IoT device coupled to at least one energy harvesting device includes a control module, a wireless network module, and an energy storage module. The control module determines, according to energy supplied by the at least one energy harvesting device, whether to control the at least one energy harvesting device to supply energy to the IoT device and charge the energy storage module, or whether to control the energy storage module to supply energy to the IoT device. The wireless network modules of the IoT devices are coupled together to form a wireless ad hoc network (WANET). The monitoring device monitors operating conditions of the IoT devices through the WANET.

Claims which contain your search:

1. An Internet-of-Things (IoT) system having a single-mode or multi-mode energy harvesting function, the IoT system comprising: a plurality of energy harvesting devices for harvesting ambient energy, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices harvest the same type of ambient energy to provide the single-mode energy harvesting function, or different types of ambient energy to provide the multi-mode energy harvesting function; a plurality of IoT devices, wherein each of the plurality of IoT devices comprises a control module, a wireless network module, and an energy storage module, and the control module is coupled to the wireless network module, the energy storage module, and at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices, wherein the control module determines whether energy supplied by the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices is more than a first threshold, and, if yes, controls the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices to supply energy to corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices and charge the energy storage module, or, if no, controls the energy storage module to supply energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices, wherein the wireless network modules of the plurality of IoT devices are coupled together to form a wireless ad hoc network (WANET); and a monitoring device for monitoring operating conditions of the plurality of IoT devices through the WANET.

2. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein, when the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices supplies energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices and charges the energy storage module, the control module further determines whether energy stored in the energy storage module is more than a second threshold, and, if yes, controls the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices to stop supplying energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices and charging the energy storage module, and further determines whether to control energy harvested by the at least one of the plurality of energy harvesting devices to transfer to another one of the plurality of IoT devices according to the monitoring device.

3. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein, when the energy storage module supplies energy to the corresponding one of the plurality of IoT devices, the control module further determines whether energy stored in the energy storage module is less than a third threshold, and, if yes, controls the wireless network module to notify the monitoring device through the WANET to search external energy to support.

6. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a solar cell for harvesting ambient energy of light.

7. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a solar thermal collector for harvesting ambient energy of heat.

8. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a thermoelectric generator for harvesting ambient energy of a temperature difference.

9. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a piezoelectric transducer for harvesting ambient energy of vibration.

10. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of energy harvesting devices comprise a rectenna for harvesting ambient energy of an electromagnetic wave.

12. The IoT system of claim 1, wherein the energy storage module comprises a rechargeable battery, a capacitor, or a supercapacitor.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: RES IN NETWORKING TECH & SYS | Award Amount: 168.00K | Year: 2016

With smart sensing devices becoming a ubiquitous part of our connected world, the need to support large-scale communication involving Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices is becoming a reality. IoT traffic needs to be carried over cellular networks as it is the primary wide-area wireless communication infrastructure. However, the current 3GPP architecture and protocols are inefficient and difficult to scale, even if a small fraction of all IoT devices are mobile and have to be addressable/reachable through the Internet. In addition, link layer operations, traffic scheduling, and transport protocols currently in use are not well suited for typical short, periodic and bursty IoT communication patterns. This project aims to address these limitations by re-designing core operations and protocols involved in IoT data communication over cellular networks. The issues that the project will address are not only central to the efficient operation of current 3G/4G and future 5G networks, but must be solved to make the grand vision of the Internet-of-Things a reality. Through participation by industrial partners, the team will maximize the relevance and outreach of research to practice. The PIs will involve undergraduate students in their research, and integrate findings from this research into graduate courses, and encourage participation of under-represented students.

Addressing the limitations of IoT data communication over cellular networks is challenging, as it requires supporting stringent requirements on limited capability (such as low power) end-systems, and maintaining only small amounts of state in the cellular network on a per-device basis. To address these challenges, the project will investigate novel mechanisms to eliminate cellular network tunnels by leveraging the locality of typical IoT mobility patterns and the capabilities of protocols that separate location-from-identity. Second, the project will investigate cross-layer mechanisms for adaptive optimization of Radio Resource Control (RRC) configurations towards attaining an ideal balance between end-device energy efficiency and information exchange overhead in the network. Third, the project will investigate new mechanisms for efficient traffic scheduling over the air-interface. Finally, the project plans to design a new transport that can dynamically adapt based on IoT application requirements, and is flexible enough to effectively handle the varying size of data transfers. The solutions will take into account the specific properties in IoT communication.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-25-2015 | Award Amount: 4.54M | Year: 2016

REMINDER aims to develop an embedded DRAM solution optimized for ultra-low-power consumption and variability immunity, specifically focused on Internet of Things cut-edge devices. The objectives of REMINDER are: i) Investigation (concept, design, characterization, simulation, modelling), selection and optimization of a Floating-Body memory bit cell in terms of low power and low voltage, high reliability, robustness (variability), speed, reduced footprint and cost. ii) Design and fabrication in FDSOI 28nm (FD28) and FDSOI 14nm (FD14) technology nodes of a memory matrix based on the optimized bit-cells developed. Matrix memory subcircuits, blocks and architectures will be carefully analysed from the power-consumption point of view. In addition variability tolerant design techniques underpinned by variability analysis and statistical simulation technology will be considered. iii) Demonstration of a system on chip application using the developed memory solution and benchmarking with alternative embedded memory blocks. The eventual replacement of Si by strained Si/SiGe and III-V materials in future CMOS circuits would also require the redesign of different applications, including memory cells, and therefore we also propose the evaluation of the optimized bit cells developed in FD28 and FD14 technology nodes using these alternative materials. The fulfilment of the objectives above will also imply the development of: i) New techniques for the electrical characterization of ultimate CMOS nanometric devices. This will allow us to improve the CMOS technology by boosting device performance. ii) New behavioural models, incorporating variability effects, to reach a deep understanding of nanoelectronics devices iii) Advanced simulation tools for nanoelectronic devices for state of the art, and emerging devices. iv) Extreme low power solutions The consortium supporting this proposal is ideally balanced with 2 industrial partners, 2 SMEs, 2 research centers and 3 universities.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-06-2015 | Award Amount: 38.85M | Year: 2015

The goal of the PRIME project is to establish an open Ultra Low Power (ULP) Technology Platform containing all necessary design and architecture blocks and components which could enable the European industry to increase and strengthen their competitive and leading eco-system and benefit from market opportunities created by the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution. Over 3 years the project will develop and demonstrate the key building blocks of IoT ULP systems driven by the applications in the medical, agricultural, domestics and security domains. This will include development of high performance, energy efficient and cost effective technology platform, flexible design ecosystem (including IP and design flow), changes in architectural and power management to reduced energy consumption, security blocks based on PUF and finally the System of Chip and System in Package memory banks and processing implementations for IoT sensor node systems. Developped advanced as 22nm FDSOI low power technologies with logic, analog, RF and embedded new memory components (STT RAM and RRAM) together with innovative design and system architecture solutions will be used to build macros and demonstrate functionality and power reduction advantage of the new IoT device components. The PRIME project will realize several demonstrators of IoT system building blocks to show the proposed low power wireless solutions, functionality and performance of delivered design and technology blocks. The consortium semiconductor ecosystem (IDMs, design houses, R&D, tools & wafer suppliers, foundries, system/product providers) covers complementarily all desired areas of expertise to achieve the project goals. The project will enable an increase in Europes innovation capability in the area of ULP Technology, design and applications, creation of a competitive European eco-system and help to identify market leadership opportunities in security, mobility, healthcare and smart cost competitive manufacturing.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 20.78K | Year: 2017

“Developing Ultra-Low-Power IoT Devices for Emerging Asia-Pacific Markets” is a feasibility study by Iotics Ltd to investigate the applications of the ultra-low power devices in the emerging Internet-of-Things market in the APAC area. This short-term project is aimed to merge UK and Singapore technologies in RF energy-harvesting and miniature ultra-low power/battery-less IoT enablers.


A method for propagating network management data for energy-efficient internet of things network management and an energy-efficient internet of things node apparatus are disclosed herein. The method includes dividing a plurality of sub-nodes into at least two terminal sub-nodes and the remaining intermediate sub-nodes, and determining a transmission path so that the terminal sub-nodes and the intermediate sub-nodes satisfy an acyclic graph condition, dividing the plurality of pieces of data of network management information into at least two data groups, and transmitting one of the at least two data groups to one of the terminal sub-nodes respectively, transmitting the data of the received data group to adjacent intermediate sub-nodes, performing network coding on selected two pieces of data, transmitting the network-coded data to the at least two intermediate adjacent sub-nodes, and decoding the received network-coded data using previously held data.

Claims which contain your search:

1. A method for propagating network management data for energy-efficient management of an Internet of Things (IoT) network including a main node and a plurality of sub-nodes, the method comprising the steps of: (a) dividing, by the main node, the plurality of sub-nodes into at least two terminal sub-nodes and remaining intermediate sub-nodes, and determining, by the main node, a transmission path so that the at least two terminal sub-nodes locate at end points, respectively, and the terminal sub-nodes and the intermediate sub-nodes satisfy an acyclic graph condition; (b) dividing, by the main node, a plurality of pieces of data of network management information into at least two data groups, and transmitting, by the main node, one of the at least two data groups to one of the terminal sub-nodes, respectively; (c) transmitting, by each of the terminal sub-nodes, data of the received data group to adjacent intermediate sub-nodes on the transmission path on a per-unit basis; (d) performing, by each of the intermediate sub-nodes, network coding on two pieces of data selected for appropriateness for network coding transmission for at least two adjacent intermediate sub-nodes or for at least one adjacent intermediate sub-node and one of the terminal sub-nodes, and transmitting, by the intermediate sub-node, the network-coded data to the at least two intermediate adjacent sub-nodes or to the at least one adjacent intermediate sub-node and the terminal sub-node; and (e) decoding, by the intermediate sub-node, the received network-coded data using previously held data.

10. An energy-efficient Internet of Things (IoT) node device that functions as any one of a main node or a sub-node and that constitutes part of an energy-efficient IoT network, wherein: if the energy-efficient IoT node device functions as the main node, the energy-efficient IoT node device is operative to: divide a plurality of sub-nodes of the energy-efficient IoT network into at least two terminal sub-nodes and remaining intermediate sub-nodes, and determine a transmission path so that the at least two terminal sub-nodes locate at end points, respectively, and the terminal sub-nodes and the intermediate sub-nodes satisfy an acyclic graph condition; and divide a plurality of pieces of data of network management information into at least two data groups, and transmit the at least two data groups to the terminal sub-nodes, respectively.

19. An energy-efficient Internet of Things (IoT) network system comprising a main node and a plurality of sub-nodes; wherein the main node divides a plurality of sub-nodes of the energy-efficient IoT network into at least two terminal sub-nodes and remaining intermediate sub-nodes, determines a transmission path so that the at least two terminal sub-nodes locate at end points, respectively, and the terminal sub-nodes and the intermediate sub-nodes satisfy an acyclic graph condition, divides a plurality of pieces of data of network management information into at least two data groups, and transmits one of the at least two data groups to one of the terminal sub-nodes, respectively; and wherein each of the plurality of sub-nodes, if the sub-node is classified as a terminal sub-node, transmits data of the data group, received from the main node, to adjacent intermediate sub-nodes on the transmission path on a per-unit basis, and, if the sub-node is classified as an intermediate sub-node, performs network coding on two pieces of data selected for appropriateness for network coding transmission with respect to at least two adjacent intermediate sub-nodes or to at least one adjacent intermediate sub-node and one of the terminal sub-nodes, transmits the network-coded data to the at least two intermediate adjacent sub-nodes or to the at least one adjacent intermediate sub-node and the terminal sub-node, and decodes the received network-coded data using previously held data.


An modular antenna for integration with an Internet of Things (IoT) hub and associated systems and methods. For example, one embodiment of an apparatus comprises: a modular antenna to be used with an embedded Internet of Things (IoT) hub having a plurality of wireless communication interfaces, the modular antenna comprising an interface component and an antenna component; the interface component comprising a first plurality of pins or pads to electrically couple the module antenna to the embedded IoT hub; and the antenna component comprising a plurality of antennas to be electrically coupled to the first plurality of pins or pads, thereby electrically coupling each of the plurality of antennas to one of the plurality of wireless communication interfaces of the embedded IoT hub.

Claims which contain your search:

11. The apparatus as in claim 1 further comprising: an embedded Internet of Things (IoT) hub comprising a wide area network (WAN) interface to couple the embedded IoT hub to an IoT service over a network, and a local wireless communication interface to communicatively couple the IoT hub to one or more IoT devices; an IoT hub slot interface coupled to the embedded IoT hub and comprising a first plurality of pins or pads to interface with corresponding pins or pads within an IoT hub slot of an appliance when the embedded IoT hub is inserted into the IoT hub slot; and a modular antenna interface coupled to the embedded IoT hub and comprising a second plurality of pins or pads to interface with corresponding pins or pads on the interface component of the modular antenna.

1. An apparatus comprising: a modular antenna to be used with an embedded Internet of Things (IoT) hub having a plurality of wireless communication interfaces, the modular antenna comprising an interface component and an antenna component; the interface component comprising a first plurality of pins or pads to electrically couple the module antenna to the embedded IoT hub; and the antenna component comprising a plurality of antennas to be electrically coupled to the first plurality of pins or pads, thereby electrically coupling each of the plurality of antennas to one of the plurality of wireless communication interfaces of the embedded IoT hub.

3. The apparatus as in claim 2 wherein the first and second wireless communication protocols are selected from a group comprising WiFi, Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLS), and cellular data protocols.

14. The apparatus as in claim 11 wherein the local wireless communication interface comprises a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) interface to communicatively couple the embedded IoT hub to one or more IoT devices within the appliance over one or more BTLE communication channels.


Patent
Kiban Labs Inc. | Date: 2015-06-01

An apparatus and method are described for a moisture sensor. For example, one embodiment of an IoT device comprises: An Internet of Things (IoT) device comprising: a moisture sensor to detect a moisture level; an IoT communication interface and/or radio to wirelessly connect the IoT device to a network; a set of pins, pads, and/or probes to electrically couple the moisture sensor to conductive elements of one or more moisture sensor attachments; and an enclosure surrounding the moisture sensor and IoT communication interface and/or radio, the enclosure having one or more connection elements formed thereon to fixedly couple one or more moisture sensor attachments to the enclosure, thereby electrically coupling the set of pins, pads, and/or probes of the moisture sensor to the conductive elements of the moisture sensor attachments.

Claims which contain your search:

1. An Internet of Things (IoT) device comprising: a moisture sensor to detect a moisture level; an IoT communication interface and/or radio to wirelessly connect the IoT device to a network; a set of pins, pads, and/or probes to electrically couple the moisture sensor to conductive elements of one or more moisture sensor attachments; and an enclosure surrounding the moisture sensor and IoT communication interface and/or radio, the enclosure having one or more connection elements formed thereon to fixedly couple one or more moisture sensor attachments to the enclosure, thereby electrically coupling the set of pins, pads, and/or probes of the moisture sensor to the conductive elements of the moisture sensor attachments.

3. The IoT device as in claim 1 wherein the IoT communication interface and/or radio implements a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) protocol to communicate with one or more IoT hub devices, the IoT device to communicate a current moisture level reading to the one or more IoT hub devices.

13. A system comprising: an Internet of Things (IoT) device comprising:a moisture sensor to detect a moisture level;an IoT communication interface and/or radio to wirelessly connect the IoT device to a network;a set of pins, pads, and/or probes to electrically couple the moisture sensor to conductive elements of one or more moisture sensor attachments; andan enclosure surrounding the moisture sensor and IoT communication interface and/or radio, the enclosure having one or more connection elements formed thereon to fixedly couple one or more moisture sensor attachments to the enclosure, thereby electrically coupling the set of pins, pads, and/or probes of the moisture sensor to the conductive elements of the moisture sensor attachmentsa battery to provide power to the moisture sensor and/or the IoT communication interface and/or radio; at least one IoT hub device comprising a wireless interface to establish a wireless communication channel with the IoT communication interface and/or radio of the IoT device using a low power wireless communication protocol, the IoT hub to further establish a communication channel over the Internet to at least one IoT service and/or user device; wherein the IoT device is configured to communicate a current moisture level reading to at least one IoT hub device and the IoT hub device is configured to communicate the current moisture level to the IoT service and/or user device.

14. The system as in claim 13 wherein the low power wireless communication protocol comprises a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) protocol.


Patent
Kiban Labs Inc. | Date: 2015-06-01

An apparatus and method are described for an automotive internet of things (IoT) system, apparatus, and method. For example, one embodiment of an automotive Internet of Things (IoT) device configured within a car comprises: a wireless communication interface to take signal strength measurements to a mobile device, the signal strength measurements comprising signal strength values; and a signal strength analysis and notification module to analyze the signal strength values from the mobile device to determine when the user has left his or her mobile device at home or at another location and to responsively generate a notification to the user.

Claims which contain your search:

1. An automotive Internet of Things (IoT) device to be configured within a car comprising: a wireless communication interface to take signal strength measurements to a mobile device, the signal strength measurements comprising signal strength values; and a signal strength analysis and notification module to analyze the signal strength values from the mobile device to determine when the user has left his or her mobile device at home or at another location and to responsively generate a notification to the user.

10. The IoT device as in claim 1 wherein the wireless communication interface comprises a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) interface, a WiFi interface and/or a cellular data interface.

21. The method as in claim 12 wherein the wireless communication interface comprises a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) interface, a WiFi interface and/or a cellular data interface.


A platform, apparatus and method for Internet of Things Implementations for controlling electronic equipment. For example, one embodiment of a system comprises: an Internet of Things (IoT) hub comprising a network interface to couple the IoT hub to an IoT service over a wide area network (WAN), and at least one IoT device communicatively coupled to the IoT hub over a wireless communication channel, the IoT device comprising an infrared (IR) or radio frequency (RF) blaster to control environmental control equipment via IR or RF communication with the environmental control equipment, the IoT device further comprising at least one sensor to measure current environmental conditions capable of being controlled by the environmental control equipment, the IoT device to transmit an indication of the current conditions to the IoT hub over the wireless communication channel; and the IoT hub comprising a remote control code database to store remote control codes usable to control the environmental control equipment, the IoT hub further comprising control logic to generate remote control commands using the remote control codes, the remote control commands selected by the control logic in response to the current environmental conditions measured by the sensor and input from an end user provided via a user device indicating a desired environmental condition, the IoT hub to transmit the commands to the IoT device over the wireless communication channel; the IoT device to responsively transmit the remote control commands to the environmental control equipment to attempt to control the environmental control equipment; wherein the IoT hub is configured to continually or periodically monitor the current environmental conditions measured by the sensor and wherein, if the desired environmental condition is not achieved after a specified period of time, then generate a notification from the IoT hub indicating that the environmental control equipment may not be functioning properly.

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9. The system as in claim 1 wherein the wireless communication channel comprises a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) communication channel.

20. The method as in claim 12 wherein the wireless communication channel comprises a Bluetooth Low Energy (BTLE) communication channel.

12. A method comprising: communicatively coupling an Internet of Things (IoT) hub to an IoT service over a wide area network (WAN), and communicatively coupling at least one IoT device to the IoT hub over a wireless communication channel, the IoT device comprising an infrared (IR) or radio frequency (RF) blaster to control environmental control equipment via IR or RF communication with the environmental control equipment, the IoT device further comprising at least one sensor to measure current environmental conditions capable of being controlled by the environmental control equipment, the IoT device to transmit an indication of the current conditions to the IoT hub over the wireless communication channel; and storing remote control codes usable to control the environmental control equipment in a remote control database of the IoT hub, generating remote control commands using the remote control codes, the remote control commands selected by control logic in response to the current environmental conditions measured by the sensor and input from an end user provided via a user device indicating a desired environmental condition, transmitting commands from the IoT hub to the IoT device over the wireless communication channel; responsively transmitting the remote control commands from the IoT device to the environmental control equipment to attempt to control the environmental control equipment; wherein the IoT hub is configured to continually or periodically monitor the current environmental conditions measured by the sensor and wherein, if the desired environmental condition is not achieved after a specified period of time, then generating a notification indicating that the environmental control equipment may not be functioning properly.

1. A system comprising: an Internet of Things (IoT) hub comprising a network interface to couple the IoT hub to an IoT service over a wide area network (WAN), and at least one IoT device communicatively coupled to the IoT hub over a wireless communication channel, the IoT device comprising an infrared (IR) or radio frequency (RF) blaster to control environmental control equipment via IR or RF communication with the environmental control equipment, the IoT device further comprising at least one sensor to measure current environmental conditions capable of being controlled by the environmental control equipment, the IoT device to transmit an indication of the current conditions to the IoT hub over the wireless communication channel; and the IoT hub comprising a remote control code database to store remote control codes usable to control the environmental control equipment, the IoT hub further comprising control logic to generate remote control commands using the remote control codes, the remote control commands selected by the control logic in response to the current environmental conditions measured by the sensor and input from an end user provided via a user device indicating a desired environmental condition, the IoT hub to transmit the commands to the IoT device over the wireless communication channel; the IoT device to responsively transmit the remote control commands to the environmental control equipment to attempt to control the environmental control equipment; wherein the IoT hub is configured to continually or periodically monitor the current environmental conditions measured by the sensor and wherein, if the desired environmental condition is not achieved after a specified period of time, then generate a notification from the IoT hub indicating that the environmental control equipment may not be functioning properly.