Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Itapetininga, Brazil

Argolo L.S.,Zootecnia UESB | Pereira M.L.A.,DEBI UESB | Dias J.C.T.,State University of Santa Cruz | da Cruz J.F.,DFZ UESB | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2010

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding mesquite pod meal (0, 33.3, 66.7 and 100%) to substitute corn meal on purin derivative the excretion, estimated by total urine collection, and on the ruminal parameters (pH, ammonia and volatile fatty acids). Eight lactating goats were used and distributed in a 4 × 4 Latin square and fed iso-protein diets consisting of 40% elephant grass silage and 60% concentrate. There was no significant effect from adding mesquite pod meal on the ruminal parameters. The pH ranged from 6.85 to 7.03 and the ruminal ammonia concentration averaged 6.97 mg/100 mL. The acetate and propionate concentrations ranged from 9.47 to 10.54 and 4.79 to 6.58 mM, respectively. The excretion (mmol/day) of allantoin, uric acid and xanthine-hypoxanthine, the quantity of absorbed purines, the nitrogen microbial intestinal flow (g/day), microbial nitrogen synthesis (g/day) and efficiency of microbial protein synthesis efficiency, expressed in g of microbial crude protein/kg of the total digestible nutrients, presented linear negative response to corn replacement with mesquite pod meal. Microbial synthesis in goats must be estimated by the purine derivatives excretion using equations obtained from goats. © 2010 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source


de Carvalho G.G.P.,Federal University of Bahia | Garcia R.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development | Pires A.J.V.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development | Viana P.T.,Zootecnia UESB | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2010

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of sugar cane hydrolysis with calcium oxide (CaO) on nitrogen balance, concetrations of urea in the urine and in the plasma and synthesis in microbial protein in goats. Eight castrated male Saanen breed goats, with 22.6 kg average body weight and at four months of age were used distributed in two 4 × 4 Latin squares, during four 14-day experimental periods. The rations which were formulated to be isoprotein, with 14% crude protein (CP) were composed of 70% sugar cane (treated with 0; 0.75; 1.5 or 2.25% of calcium oxide in natural matter basis and corrected with 1% urea) and 30% of concentrate given ad libitum to animals. Sugar cane with calcium oxide was chopped in a stationary chopper, weighted and stored in 50-L plastic buckets and treated with calcium oxide to be given to the animals after 24 hours of storage. Nitrogen balance, urine and plasma urea concentrations and urine urea excretion were not affected by sugar cane +calcium oxide treatment. Concetration of allantoin (% total purine) was higher and the uric acid concentration was lower in diets with sugar cane hidrolised with calcium oxide in relation to in natura sugar cane. The microbial production and efficiency are not affected by addition of calcium oxide to sugar cane in diets for growing goats. © 2010 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source

Discover hidden collaborations