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Steinau an der Straße, Germany

Casares M.,Bioparc Valencia | Bernhard A.,Zoo Leipzig GmbH | Gerique C.,Bioparc Valencia | Malo E.,Bioparc Valencia | Carbonell D.,Bioparc Valencia
International Zoo Yearbook | Year: 2012

Hand-rearing giraffe calves is a challenging, time-consuming and labour-intensive process. There appears to be high individual variability among different calves. Different feeding schedules and milk substitutes have been used and are discussed. The use of whole cow's milk is recommended and can be mixed with different supplements or calf milk replacers. The authors recommend weaning the calf around 1 year of age. © 2012 The Authors. International Zoo Yearbook © 2012 The Zoological Society of London. Source


The diagnostic value of haematology in aiding the interpretation of disease and reconvalescence has been widely acknowledged; especially the differential count and the evaluation of cell morphology have merit in differentiating physiological and pathological conditions. Literature of the morphologic description of avian white blood cells from species usually managed at zoological institutions is scarce. Yet, significant species specific differences have been encountered. The focus of this work is the accessible presentation and comparison of granular blood leukocytes in eight species of. Phoenicopteriformes and. Pelecaniformes, which are frequently presented in zoological institutions and therefore of diagnostic interest to the veterinarian evaluating blood smears. High quality light microscopic images of eosinophil, heterophil and basophil granulocytes obtained from May-Grünwald-Giemsa stained blood smears by examination and documentation with a Zeiss Axiophot Microscope and digital camera and software suitable for digital image processing are presented. Species specific details of cell morphology with emphasis on the granular morphology are analyzed and compared to allow proper differentiation of these blood leukocytes of far-reaching diagnostic value. © 2012. Source


Quintavalle Pastorino G.,Zoological Society of London | Quintavalle Pastorino G.,University of Milan | Albertini M.,University of Milan | Carlsen F.,Copenhagen Zoo | And 14 more authors.
International Zoo Yearbook | Year: 2015

Mosquito-borne pathogens pose major threats to both wildlife and human health and, largely as a result of unintentional human-aided dispersal of their vector species, their cumulative threat is on the rise. Anthropogenic climate change is expected to be an increasingly significant driver of mosquito dispersal and associated disease spread. The potential health implications of changes in the spatio-temporal distribution of mosquitoes highlight the importance of ongoing surveillance and, where necessary, vector control and other health-management measures. The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums initiative, Project MOSI, was established to help protect vulnerable wildlife species in zoological facilities from mosquito-transmitted pathogens by establishing a zoo-based network of fixed mosquito monitoring sites to assist wildlife health management and contribute data on mosquito spatio-temporal distribution changes. A pilot study for Project MOSI is described here, including project rationale and results that confirm the feasibility of conducting basic standardized year-round mosquito trapping and monitoring in a zoo environment. © 2015 The Zoological Society of London. Source


Ruske K.,Loro Parque Fundacion | Molch M.,Zoo Leipzig GmbH
Zoologische Garten | Year: 2010

Keeping and breeding Dall's Sheep (Ovis dalli) in Leipzig Zoo between 1982 and 2009 are reflected and analysed. Seven animals were brought into the collection. 60 specimens were kept so far. The species hast turned out to be difficult in Middle-Europe's climate but nevertheless is manageable and reproductive. The rearing rate (animals have reached at least the age of 1 year) is 40%. Remarkable veterinarian treatments for keeping the stock healthy and especially for ensuring the breeding are described. For sure, deep engagement of keepers, veterinarians and curators is needed to keep this species successfully. Hopefully a lot of colleagues will take this as a challenge to increase numbers in Europe by joining the group of holders of this splendid wild sheep. © 2010. Source


Thevis M.,German Sport University Cologne | Schanzer W.,German Sport University Cologne | Geyer H.,German Sport University Cologne | Thieme D.,Zoo Leipzig GmbH | And 7 more authors.
British Journal of Sports Medicine | Year: 2013

The administration of musk extract, that is, ingredients obtained by extraction of the liquid secreted from the preputial gland or resulting grains of the male musk deer (eg, Moschus moschiferus), has been recommended in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) applications and was listed in the Japanese pharmacopoeia for various indications requiring cardiovascular stimulation, antiinflammatory medication or androgenic hormone therapy. Numerous steroidal components including cholesterol, 5a-androstane-3,17-dione, 5β-androstane- 3,17-dione, androsterone, etiocholanolone, epiandrosterone, 3β-hydroxy- androst-5-en-17-one, androst-4-ene-3,17-dione and the corresponding urea adduct 3a-ureido-androst-4-en-17-one were characterised as natural ingredients of musk over several decades, implicating an issue concerning doping controls if used for the treatment of elite athletes. In the present study, the impact of musk extract administration on sports drug testing results of five females competing in an international sporting event is reported. In the course of routine doping controls, adverse analytical findings concerning the athletes' steroid profile, corroborated by isotope-ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) data, were obtained. The athletes' medical advisors admitted the prescription of TCM-based musk pod preparations and provided musk pod samples for comparison purposes to clarify the antidoping rule violation. Steroid profiles, IRMS results, literature data and a musk sample obtained from a living musk deer of a local zoo conclusively demonstrated the use of musk pod extracts in all cases which, however, represented a doping offence as prohibited anabolic-androgenic steroids were administered. Source

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