Patteet L.,ZNA Clinical Laboratory |
Simoens M.,ZNA General Hospital |
Piqueur M.,ZNA Clinical Laboratory |
Wauters A.,ZNA Clinical Laboratory
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2012
Background: Chronic elevated AST without other signs of liver disease, cardiac or skeletal abnormalities, is suggestive for macro-AST. Laboratory detection can be performed by gel filtration chromatography, ultrafiltration or precipitation with polyethylene glycol (PEG). Patient and methods: A healthy 27. year-old female was referred because of chronic elevated AST (116-704. U/L) without other abnormalities. Macro-AST positivity was suspected since AST was no longer measurable in the supernatant of a serum sample (< 3. U/L) after PEG precipitation. Optimization of this method included analysis of proteins and lipids precipitated, testing the effect of different PEG concentrations and centrifugation times. 25% (m/v) PEG solution gave the most reliable results. No significant difference was seen between 10 and 30. min centrifugation time. A reference range was obtained by analysis of 31 normal patient samples (mean % PEG precipitation activity 35.1% with 95% confidence limits of 14.5-62.5%). Retrospective analysis of 1371 patient samples with elevated AST revealed one other positive patient sample. Conclusion: Early recognition of macro-AST, proven by simple PEG precipitation, can avoid time-consuming and invasive investigations. © 2012 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists.