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Zalewski B.F.,ZIN Technologies Inc.
SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing | Year: 2010

The response of the engineering system is often obtained by the use of numerical methods such as finite element method or boundary element method. However, the uncertainty of the acquired solutions cannot be measured using conventional methods. This uncertainty is attributed to two sources: errors in mathematical modeling and uncertainties in the parameter. The following paper addresses the second source of uncertainty for the steady state heat conduction problem where the material conductivity is uncertain. Material uncertainty is implemented into fuzzy boundary element method which obtains the exact worst case bounds on the response given the worst case bounds on the parameter uncertainty. The method assumes that a correct partial membership function is given. Numerical examples are shown to illustrate the behavior of the method. © 2010 SAE International. Source


Grant
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 100.00K | Year: 2008

ZIN Technologies, Inc will breadboard an integrated electronic system for space suit application to acquire images, biomedical sensor signals and suit health & status data. The system will then process, display, store, transmit and manage the results under control of embedded firmware. A commercial off-the-shelf heads-up display which is applicable to space suit helmets will be the primary display device. The system will include a breadboard version of a lightweight, low power, general purpose computing platform based on commercial-grade components with available, upgraded versions that can tolerate the EVA thermal/vacuum/radiation environment. Initial development of a camera interface will be included. A breadboard of the proposed system will be built, programmed and demonstrated. ZIN will leverage our past experience in NASA spaceflight hardware/software development and existing biomedical monitoring technology to deliver a mature concept demonstration at minimal cost and risk. The system will be compatible with medical industry standard sensors to measure CO2, core temperature and other biomedical parameters. The proposed Phase 1 effort will be geared toward future development of a Phase 2 version that could be integrated into a functional EVA system.


Grant
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.91K | Year: 2011

ZIN Technologies, Inc. will provide a preliminary design showing the feasibility of a Reconfigurable Multi-functional Architecture (RMA) for a deployable floor secondary structure.This will address NASA requirements for innovative deployable secondary structures that have minimal mass, high packaging efficiency, and multi-functional utilization. The primary usage of the floor will be to provide a light weight, deployable walkway for a habitat, which meets the appropriate strength, stiffness, and stability requirements. In Phase 1, ZIN will design, analyze and breadboard the necessary joints to enable the structure to be readily deployed and/or un-deployed, while maintaining the appropriate stiffness. The secondary purpose of the floor will be to take advantage of the walkway's cross sectional geometry and utilize it to provide water storage within the floor. The floor will house electrical and plumbing interfaces, which will connect these utilities between two sides of the module. An addition of electrical outlets within the structure will be provided upon need. Possible features include making the floor reconfigurable to serve as a radiation shield. ZIN will develop universal joints, to enable crew members to disassemble the flooring system and re-assemble it into other secondary or EVA structures. The proposed Phase 1 effort will be geared towards a full scale Phase 2 demonstrator, to show the floor system usage in a relevant environment and raise the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of RMA structures. The RMA structure we propose will provide a highly robust, stiff and mass efficient surface within a primary structure that will enable the useful outfitting and pre-integration of subsystems within the primary volume


Patent
ZIN Technologies Inc. | Date: 2014-06-30

A modular system for acquiring biometric data includes a plurality of data acquisition modules configured to sample biometric data from at least one respective input channel at a data acquisition rate. A representation of the sampled biometric data is stored in memory of each of the plurality of data acquisition modules. A central control system is in communication with each of the plurality of data acquisition modules through a bus. The central control system is configured to control communication of data, via the bus, with each of the plurality of data acquisition modules.


Helms J.A.,University of Oklahoma | Godfrey A.,ZIN Technologies Inc.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

In the Found or Fly (FoF) hypothesis ant queens experience reproduction-dispersal trade-offs such that queens with heavier abdomens are better at founding colonies but are worse flyers. We tested predictions of FoF in two globally invasive fire ants, Solenopsis geminata (FABRICIUS, 1804) and S. invicta (BUREN, 1972). Colonies of these species may produce two different monogyne queen types - claustral queens with heavy abdomens that found colonies independently, and parasitic queens with small abdomens that enter conspecific nests. Claustral and parasitic queens were similarly sized, but the abdomens of claustral queens weighed twice as much as those of their parasitic counterparts. Their heavier abdomens adversely impacted morphological predictors of flight ability, resulting in 32-38% lower flight muscle ratios, 55-63% higher wing loading, and 32-33% higher abdomen drag. In lab experiments maximum flight durations in claustral S. invicta queens decreased by about 18 minutes for every milligram of abdomen mass. Combining our results into a simple fitness tradeoff model, we calculated that an average parasitic S. invicta queen could produce only 1/3 as many worker offspring as a claustral queen, but could fly 4 times as long and have a 17- to 36-fold larger potential colonization area. Investigations of dispersal polymorphisms and their associated tradeoffs promises to shed light on range expansions in invasive species, the evolution of alternative reproductive strategies, and the selective forces driving the recurrent evolution of parasitism in ants. © 2016 Helms, Godfrey. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

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