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The invention relates to a clamp element for a temperature-independent turgor pressure measurement device for measuring the turgor pressure in a plant sample.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.WATER INNO&DEMO-1 | Award Amount: 7.61M | Year: 2013

Agriculture sector is accountable for 30% of the total water consumption in Europe, but reaches up to 70% of total water consumption in several European southern countries. In recent years, most of the efforts have been focused on water efficiency, without taking care of energy aspects, resulting in some cases on a significant increase in energy consumption, both per irrigated surface and per volume unit of water. The WEAM4i project will mainly address 2 of the priorities of the EIP on Water: Water-Energy nexus and Decision support systems (DSS) and monitoring. The WEAM4i proposal is based on two innovative management concepts: 1. A water&energy smart grid for irrigation: allowing interactive energy use decisions, by introducing demand-side management and matching the consumption to the available energy offer, due to existing water storage capability (in reservoirs or in the soil) that enables an near-almost elastic demand. 2. An innovative, cloud based, integration approach: an ICT platform based on a Service Oriented Architecture, for hosting the DSS applications, while, at field level, the existing local irrigation systems will remain. Techniques for resource efficiency at local level will be demonstrated on the irrigation systems aforementioned: for saving water, for improving the m3/kwh ratio and for the minimisation of the operational cost of water supply infrastructures. Full-scale demonstration activities will be performed in 3 EU countries (PT, ES and DE), covering a wide range of landscapes and crop types, from southern to central EU. Companies and SMEs will benefit from the future commercialization of the outcomes while the users will reduce the operational costs of their irrigation systems. To Sum up: once important water savings have been achieved, the new challenge for the irrigation sector is to minimise the energy costs. The WEAM4i project aims to provide innovative solutions for this challenge.

ZIM Plant Technology GmbH | Date: 2012-07-03

Measuring apparatus and instruments in the fields of agriculture and forestry, horticulture as well as agronomy for the purpose of measuring and monitoring plant water and nutrition status of vegetation; computer software for irrigation controllers in the fields of agriculture and forestry, horticulture as well as agronomy; solenoid valves in the field of irrigation; computer programs for viewing measurement data in the fields of agriculture and forestry, horticulture as well as agronomy. Installation and technical services, namely, repair and maintenance thereof, for technical equipment relating to automation and monitoring systems in the field of irrigation; installation of plant irrigation devices and systems; technical consultancy in the field of irrigation installations. Scientific and technological services, namely, research and design services in the fields of agriculture and forestry, horticulture as well as agronomy. Services in the fields of agriculture and forestry, horticulture as well as agronomy, namely, floral, garden, crop, landscape and irrigation layout and design services; agricultural advice services; farming equipment rental; selection of kinds of plants, namely, plant care services and consulting thereof.

Bramley H.,University of Western Australia | Ehrenberger W.,ZIM Plant Technology GmbH | Ehrenberger W.,University of Wurzburg | Zimmermann U.,ZIM Plant Technology GmbH | And 4 more authors.
Plant and Soil | Year: 2013

Background and aims: Being able to monitor the hydration status of a plant would be useful to breeding programs and to providing insight into adaptation to water-limited environments, but most current methods are destructive or laborious. We evaluated novel non-invasive pressure probes (commercial name: ZIM-probe) for their potential in monitoring the water status of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaves. Methods: The probes consist of miniature pressure sensors that clamp to the leaves via magnets and detect relative changes in hydration status. Probes were clamped to leaves of six individual plants of the cultivar Wyalkatchem at the stem elongation stage and compared against traditional plant water relations measurements. Results: Output from the probes, called patch-pressure (Pp), correlated well with leaf water potential and transpiration of individual plants. Variation between plants in the original clamp pressure exerted by the magnets and leaf individual properties led to variations in the amplitude of the diurnal Pp profiles, but not in the kinetics of the curves where Pp responded simultaneously in all plants to changes in the ambient environment (light and temperature). Conclusions: Drying and rewatering cycles and analysis of the curve kinetics identified several methods that can be used to test comparisons of water status monitoring of wheat genotypes under water deficit. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2012.3.1-01 | Award Amount: 11.66M | Year: 2012

The goal of WATBIO is to use the power of next generation sequencing to develop an accelerated route for producing new germplasm with enhanced drought tolerance whilst maintaining biomass productivity and quality in water scarce, marginal environments unsuitable for food crops. This will be achieved for three non-food crops (Populus, Miscanthus and Arundo), suitable for growth on water scarce, marginal lands, through a 5-year translational research project. Populus and Miscanthus germplasm with increased drought tolerance will be produced within WATBIO whilst for Arundo its genetic diversity will be assessed and breeding tools developed. Twenty-two multidisciplinary partners (14 academics, and 7 SMEs) spanning the whole value chain for crop production will collectively achieve this innovation by 1) identifying key molecular, cellular and physiological traits for the maintenance of biomass production, lignocellulosic quality and water use efficiency in water-scarce environments; 2) linking these traits through modelling to underlying key genes, proteins and metabolite networks; 3) utilising a wide range of germplasm for screening in phenotyping platforms and field measurements at multiple sites to test importance of genotype x environment interactions in determining traits; 4) using sequence based gene expression data, identify 40 genes related to drought tolerance for testing proof of concept using GM approach; and 5) using sequence-based data for genome wide association and genetical genomic approaches, link physiology to traits of high heritability and to underlying genes. WATBIO will transfer knowledge of commercial significance using its industrial partners and stakeholders enabling the deployment of biotechnology to boost European competitiveness, without the necessity of GM. Through workshops, seminars and exchanges, WATBIO will train the next generation of multi-disciplinary professionals in the area of biomass crop production on marginal lands.

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