Time filter

Source Type

Li B.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Li B.,Changde Agricultural Science Research Institute | Shi Y.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Gong J.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

We hybridized 10 chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) each from two CSSL populations and produced 50 F1 hybrids according to North Carolina Design II. We analyzed the genetic effects and heterosis of yield and yield components in the F1 hybrids and parents in four environments via the additive-dominance genetic model. Yield and yield components of the CSSLs were controlled by combined additive and dominance effects, and lint percentage was mainly controlled by additive effects, but boll weight, boll number, seedcotton yield and lint yield were mainly controlled by dominance effects. We detected significant interaction effects between genetics and the environment for all yields traits. Similar interactions were detected between two CSSL populations (Pop CCRI 36 and Pop CCRI 45). Significant positive mid-parent heterosis was detected for all yield traits in both populations, and significant positive better-parent heterosis was also detected for all yield traits except lint percentage. The differences among parents were relatively small, but significant heterosis was detected for yield and yield components. Therefore, the relationship between heterosis and genetic distance for yield traits is complicated and requires further study. These CSSLs represent useful tools for improving yield and yield components in cotton. © 2016 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Zheng T.C.,Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science | Zhang X.K.,Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University | Yin G.H.,Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science | Wang L.N.,Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science | And 6 more authors.
Field Crops Research | Year: 2011

Knowledge of the changes in agronomic and photosynthetic traits associated with genetic gains in grain yield potential is essential for an improved understanding of yield-limiting factors and for determining future breeding strategies. The objectives of this study were to identify agronomic and photosynthetic traits associated with genetic gains in grain yield of facultative wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) between 1981 and 2008 in Henan Province, the most important wheat producing area in China. During the 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 crop seasons, a yield potential trial comprising 18 leading and new cultivars released between 1981 and 2008 was conducted at two locations, using a completely randomised block design of three replicates. Results showed that average annual genetic gain in grain yield was 0.60% or 51.30kgha-1yr-1, and the significant genetic improvement in grain yield was directly attributed to increased thousand grain weight which also contributed to the significant increase in harvest index. The genetic gains in rates of net photosynthesis at 10, 20 and 30 days after anthesis were 1.10% (R2=0.46, P<0.01), 0.68% (R2=0.31, P<0.05) and 6.77% (R2=0.34, P<0.05), respectively. The rates of net photosynthesis at 10 (r=0.58, P<0.05), 20 (r=0.59, P<0.05) and 30 (r=0.65, P<0.01) days after anthesis were closely and positively correlated with grain yield. A slight decrease in leaf temperature and an increase in stomatal conductance after anthesis were also observed. Grain yield was closely and positively associated with stomatal conductance (r=0.69, P<0.01) and transpiration rate (r=0.63, P<0.01) at 30 days after anthesis. Therefore, improvement of those traits was the likely basis of increasing grain yield in Henan Province between 1981 and 2008. The genetic improvement in yield was primarily attributed to the utilization of two elite parents Yumai 2 and Zhou 8425B. The future challenge of wheat breeding in this region is to maintain the genetic gain in grain yield and to improve grain quality, without increasing inputs for the wheat-maize double cropping system. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Chen F.,Henan Agricultural University | Zhang X.,Henan Agricultural University | Zhang N.,Henan Agricultural University | Wang S.,Henan Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Wheat is one of the main food sources worldwide; large amount studies have been conducted to improve wheat production. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) with about 20-30 nucleotide are a class of regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs), which could regulate gene expression through sequence-specific base pairing with target mRNAs, playing important roles in plant growth. An ideal plant architecture (IPA) is crucial to enhance yield in bread wheat. In this study, the high-yield wheat strain Yunong 3114 was EMS-mutagenesis from the wild-type strain Yunong 201, exhibiting a preferable plant structure compared with the wild-type strain. We constructed small RNA and degradome libraries from Yunong 201 and Yunong 3114, and performed small RNA sequencing of these libraries in order identify miRNAs and their targets related to IPA in wheat. Totally, we identified 488 known and 837 novel miRNAs from Yunong 3114 and 391 known and 533 novel miRNAs from Yunong 201. The number of miRNAs in the mutant increased. A total of 37 known and 432 putative novel miRNAs were specifically expressed in the mutant strain; furthermore, 23 known and 159 putative novel miRNAs were specifically expressed in the wild-type strain. A total of 150 known and 100 novel miRNAs were differentially expressed between mutant and wild-type strains. Among these differentially expressed novel miRNAs, 4 and 8 predict novel miRNAs were evidenced by degradome sequencing and showed up-regulated and down-regulated expressions in the mutant strain Yunong 3114, respectively. Targeted gene annotation and previous results indicated that this set of miRNAs is related to plant structure. Our results further suggested that miRNAs may be necessary to obtain an optimal wheat structure. © 2015 Chen et al.


Wang C.,Agricultural University of Hebei | Yin G.,Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science | Xia X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | He Z.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Breeding | Year: 2016

Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is one of the most widespread diseases in common wheat globally. The Chinese wheat cultivar Zhoumai 22 is highly resistant to leaf rust at the seedling and adult stages. Seedlings of Zhoumai 22 and 36 lines with known leaf rust resistance genes were inoculated with 13 P. triticina races for gene postulation. The leaf rust response of Zhoumai 22 was different from those of the single gene lines. With the objective of identifying and mapping, the new gene(s) for resistance to leaf rust, F1, F2 plants and F2:3 lines from the cross Zhoumai 22/Chinese Spring were inoculated with Chinese P. triticina race FHDQ at the seedling stage. A single dominant gene, tentatively designated LrZH22, conferred resistance. To identify other possible genes in Zhoumai 22, ten P. triticina races avirulent on Zhoumai 22 were used to inoculate 24 F2:3 lines. The same gene conferred resistance to all ten avirulent races. A total of 1300 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and 36 EST markers on 2BS were used to test the parents, and resistant and susceptible bulks. Resistance gene LrZH22 was mapped in the chromosome bin 2BS1-0.53-0.75 and closely linked to six SSR markers (barc183, barc55, gwm148, gwm410, gwm374 and wmc474) and two EST markers (BF202681 and BE499478) on chromosome arm 2BS. The two closest flanking SSR loci were Xbarc55 and Xgwm374 with genetic distances of 2.4 and 4.8 cM from LrZH22, respectively. Six designated genes (Lr13, Lr16, Lr23, Lr35, Lr48 and Lr73) are located on chromosome arm 2BS. In seedling tests, LrZH22 was temperature sensitive, conferring resistance at high temperatures. The reaction pattern of Zhoumai 22 was different from that of RL 4031 (Lr13), RL 6005 (Lr16) and RL 6012 (Lr23), Lr35 and Lr48 are adult-plant resistance genes, and Lr73 is not sensitive to the temperature. Therefore, LrZH22 is likely to be a new leaf rust resistance gene or allele. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Gao F.,Northeast Agricultural University | Gao F.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Gao F.,Keshan Sub Academy | Wen W.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Frontiers in Plant Science | Year: 2015

Identification of genes for yield components, plant height (PH), and yield-related physiological traits and tightly linked molecular markers is of great importance in marker-assisted selection (MAS) in wheat breeding. In the present study, 246 F8 RILs derived from the cross of Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring were genotyped using the high-density Illumina iSelect 90K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay. Field trials were conducted at Zhengzhou and Zhoukou of Henan Province, during the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 cropping season under irrigated conditions, providing data for four environments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of agronomic and physiological traits revealed significant differences (P < 0.01) among RILs, environments, and RILs × environments interactions. Broad-sense heritabilities of all traits including thousand kernel weight (TKW), PH, spike length (SL), kernel number per spike (KNS), spike number/m2 (SN), normalized difference in vegetation index at anthesis (NDVI-A) and at 10 days post-anthesis (NDVI-10), SPAD value of chlorophyll content at anthesis (Chl-A) and at 10 days post-anthesis (Chl-10) ranged between 0.65 and 0.94. A linkage map spanning 3609.4cM was constructed using 5636 polymorphic SNP markers, with an average chromosome length of 171.9cM and marker density of 0.64cM/marker. A total of 866 SNP markers were newly mapped to the hexaploid wheat linkage map. Eighty-six QTL for yield components, PH, and yield-related physiological traits were detected on 18 chromosomes except 1D, 5D, and 6D, explaining 2.3-33.2% of the phenotypic variance. Ten stable QTL were identified across four environments, viz. QTKW.caas-6A.1, QTKW.caas-7AL, QKNS.caas-4AL, QSN.caas-1AL.1, QPH.caas-4BS.2, QPH.caas-4DS.1, QSL.caas-4AS, QSL.caas-4AL.1, QChl-A.caas-5AL, and QChl-10.caas-5BL. Meanwhile, 10 QTL-rich regions were found on chromosome 1BS, 2AL (2), 3AL, 4AL (2), 4BS, 4DS, 5BL, and 7AL exhibiting pleiotropic effects. These QTL or QTL clusters are tightly linked to SNP markers, with genetic distances to the closest SNPs ranging from 0 to 1.5 cM, and could serve as target regions for fine mapping, candidate gene discovery, and MAS in wheat breeding. © 2015 Gao, Wen, Liu, Rasheed, Yin, Xia, Wu and He.


PubMed | Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science and Henan Agricultural University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Wheat is one of the main food sources worldwide; large amount studies have been conducted to improve wheat production. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) with about 20-30 nucleotide are a class of regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs), which could regulate gene expression through sequence-specific base pairing with target mRNAs, playing important roles in plant growth. An ideal plant architecture (IPA) is crucial to enhance yield in bread wheat. In this study, the high-yield wheat strain Yunong 3114 was EMS-mutagenesis from the wild-type strain Yunong 201, exhibiting a preferable plant structure compared with the wild-type strain. We constructed small RNA and degradome libraries from Yunong 201 and Yunong 3114, and performed small RNA sequencing of these libraries in order identify miRNAs and their targets related to IPA in wheat. Totally, we identified 488 known and 837 novel miRNAs from Yunong 3114 and 391 known and 533 novel miRNAs from Yunong 201. The number of miRNAs in the mutant increased. A total of 37 known and 432 putative novel miRNAs were specifically expressed in the mutant strain; furthermore, 23 known and 159 putative novel miRNAs were specifically expressed in the wild-type strain. A total of 150 known and 100 novel miRNAs were differentially expressed between mutant and wild-type strains. Among these differentially expressed novel miRNAs, 4 and 8 predict novel miRNAs were evidenced by degradome sequencing and showed up-regulated and down-regulated expressions in the mutant strain Yunong 3114, respectively. Targeted gene annotation and previous results indicated that this set of miRNAs is related to plant structure. Our results further suggested that miRNAs may be necessary to obtain an optimal wheat structure.

Loading Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science collaborators
Loading Zhoukou Academy of Agricultural science collaborators