Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital

Taipei, Taiwan

Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital

Taipei, Taiwan
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Lo S.-H.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lo S.-H.,Tzu Chi University | Niu H.-S.,Tzu Chi University | Cheng Y.-Z.,Chi Mei Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Medical Research | Year: 2017

Background and Aims Cardiac dysryhthmias and death are reported after loperamide abuse. The mechanism of death is not clear and cardiac depression may play a role in this mechanism. Loperamide is widely used as an agonist of the μ-opioid receptor (MOR) in clinical practice. In skeletal muscle, an increase in MOR in response to hyperglycemia is largely attributable to higher expression of the transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), which binds to the promoter of the MOR genes. Therefore, we investigated the changes in cardiac MOR caused by hyperglycemia both in vivo and in vitro. Methods Streptozotocin-induced type 1-like diabetic rats (STZ rats) were used to estimate cardiac performance and changes in cardiac MOR under the influence of loperamide. STAT3 was measured in cultured cardiomyocytes under high glucose (HG) to mimic the in vivo changes. Results Loperamide-induced reduction of cardiac performance was more marked in STZ rats than in normal rats. The increased MOR in the hearts of STZ rats was reversed by the reduction of hyperglycemia. Higher MOR expression paralleled the increase in STAT3 in cardiomyocytes under HG and was reversed by siRNA of STAT3. Stattic at a dose sufficient to inhibit STAT3 reduced MOR both in vivo and in vitro. Conclusion Cardiac depression induced by loperamide is enhanced by hyperglycemia due to higher MOR expression, which is associated with higher expression of STAT3 in the heart. These results suggest that loperamide abuse is particularly dangerous for individuals with hyperglycemia. © 2017 IMSS


Lo S.-H.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lo S.-H.,University of Taipei | Cheng K.-C.,Kagoshima University | Li Y.-X.,Kagoshima University | And 4 more authors.
Drug Design, Development and Therapy | Year: 2016

Background: G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1, also known as TGR5 is known to be involved in glucose homeostasis. In animal models, treatment with a TGR5 agonist induces incretin secretion to reduce hyperglycemia. Betulinic acid, a triterpenoid present in the leaves of white birch, has been introduced as a selective TGR5 agonist. However, direct activation of TGR5 by betulinic acid has not yet been reported. Methods: Transfection of TGR5 into cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells was performed to establish the presence of TGR5. Additionally, TGR5-specific small interfering RNA was employed to silence TGR5 in cells (NCI-H716 cells) that secreted incretins. Uptake of glucose by CHO-K1 cells was evaluated using a fluorescent indicator. Amounts of cyclic adenosine monophosphate and glucagon-like peptide were quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Results: Betulinic acid dose-dependently increases glucose uptake by CHO-K1 cells transfected with TGR5 only, which can be considered an alternative method instead of radioligand binding assay. Additionally, signals coupled to TGR5 activation are also increased by betulinic acid in cells transfected with TGR5. In NCI-H716 cells, which endogenously express TGR5, betulinic acid induces glucagon-like peptide secretion via increasing calcium levels. However, the actions of betulinic acid were markedly reduced in NCI-H716 cells that received TGR5-silencing treatment. Therefore, the present study demonstrates the activation of TGR5 by betulinic acid for the first time. Conclusion: Similar to the positive control lithocholic acid, which is the established agonist of TGR5, betulinic acid has been characterized as a useful agonist of TGR5 and can be used to activate TGR5 in the future. © 2016 Lo et al.


Chen Y.-C.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Wu B.-H.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lin C.L.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Yeh Y.-H.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2017

The use of ultrasonography for the investigation of pneumomediastinum is limited by the presence of air artifacts. Air accumulation in the mediastinum obscures the heart, sometimes leading to misinterpretation as lung tissue. We found that cardiac apical swinging during the heart cycle, however, can create a uniquely characteristic squeezing of mediastinal free air, producing a sonographic B-line that flashes in and out. We named this dynamic finding, the "disco spotlight" sign. This finding may be useful to confirm the diagnosis of pneumomediastinum. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.


Lin M.-L.,National Taiwan University | Lin M.-L.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lin W.-T.,National Taiwan University | Huang R.-Y.,China Medical University at Taichung | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Pain (United Kingdom) | Year: 2014

Background Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) has been widely used to treat chronic pain, but the effectiveness and mechanisms in preventing early neuropathic pain have not been well explored. Even fewer knowledge is available in its impact on glia-mediated nociceptive sensitization. This study aims to elucidate the modulation of PRF on nerve injury-induced pain development and activation of spinal mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Methods In a rat spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model, a low-volt PRF treatment was applied to the L5 dorsal root ganglion after nerve injury. Nociceptive behaviours were measured by von Frey and heat withdrawal tests at multiple time points. MAPK activations, including p-ERK and p-p38, as well as TNF-α level in the spinal dorsal horn were assessed and the cell types that expressed MAPK activation were identified by double immunofluorescence staining. Results We found that SNL promptly induced neuropathic pain in the affected hind limb for over 1 week as well as increased p-ERK and p-p38 in the spinal dorsal horn. PRF significantly attenuated SNL-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia for 5-7 days. PRF also inhibited ERK and p38 activations, which were found majorly located within neurons and microglia, respectively. Besides, PRF significantly suppressed expression of TNF-α in the spinal dorsal horn throughout the course. Conclusions Low-volt PRF significantly ameliorated SNL-induced acute pain. Inferentially, PRF may inhibit spinal sensitization by down-regulating spinal MAPK activations and activation-mediated cytokine release. We demonstrated that early PRF treatment in acute nerve injury helps to ameliorate neuropathic pain development. © 2013 European Pain Federation - EFIC®.


Huang C.-W.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lee M.-A.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lu R.-H.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Peng H.-C.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Chao H.-S.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital
Journal of Medical Microbiology | Year: 2011

Pulmonary aspergilloma and pulmonary actinomycosis are rare pulmonary infectious diseases. Clinical manifestations of pulmonary aspergilloma and pulmonary actinomycosis include chronic cough, fever, chest pain, haemoptysis and other pathologies, but some patients may be asymptomatic. We report a case of a healthy 33-year-old woman without any underlying diseases, who was admitted to Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital, Taiwan, for intermittent haemoptysis and right upper chest pain, which had persisted for several months. A chest radiograph revealed a focal consolidation in the right upper lobe (RUL) of the lung, which grew in size over time. A sputum study and bronchoscopy revealed no positive findings, although malignancy could not be ruled out. Thus, the patient received a wedge resection of the RUL lesion. Subsequent, pathological examination demonstrated the presence of pulmonary aspergilloma and pulmonary actinomycosis. The patient's symptoms resolved after resection of the RUL lesion. © 2011 SGM.


Chiu H.-W.,National Taipei University of Technology | Lu C.-C.,National Taipei University of Technology | Chuang J.-M.,National Taipei University of Technology | Lin W.-T.,National Taiwan University | And 3 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems | Year: 2013

This paper presents the design flow of two high-efficiency class-E amplifiers for the implantable electrical stimulation system. The implantable stimulator is a high-Q class-E driver that delivers a sine-wave pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation, which was verified to have a superior efficacy in pain relief to a square wave. The proposed duty-cycle-controlled class-E PRF driver designed with a high-Q factor has two operational modes that are able to achieve 100% DC-AC conversion, and involves only one switched series inductor and an unchanged parallel capacitor. The measured output amplitude under low-voltage (LV) mode using a 22% duty cycle was 0.98 V with 91% efficiency, and under high-voltage (HV) mode using a 47% duty cycle was 2.95 V with 92% efficiency. These modes were inductively controlled by a duty-cycle detector, which can detect the duty-cycle modulated signal generated from the external complementary low-Q class-E power amplifier (PA). The design methodology of the low-Q inductive interface for a non-50% duty cycle is presented. The experimental results exhibits that the 1.5-V PA that consumes DC power of 14.21 mW was able to deliver a 2.9-V sine wave to a 500ω load. The optimal 60% drain efficiency of the system from the PA to the load was obtained at a 10-mm coupling distance. © 2007-2012 IEEE.


PubMed | Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital and National Taiwan University Hospital
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2015

Objectives. Cardiac autonomic imbalance accompanies the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). It is unclear whether exercise training could modulate autonomic control in CHF. This study aimed to review systematically the effects of exercise training on heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with CHF. Methods. Literatures were systematically searched in electronic databases and relevant references. Only published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on exercise training for CHF were eligible for inclusion. Outcome measurements included HRR and HRV parameters. Results. Eight RCTs were eligible for inclusion and provided data on 280 participants (186 men). The participants were 52-70 years of age with New York Heart Association functional class II-III of CHF. Each study examined either aerobic or resistance exercise. Two trials addressed outcome of HRR and six HRV among these studies. Two RCTs showed that moderate aerobic exercise could improve HRR at 2 minutes after exercise training in CHF. Five of six RCTs demonstrated positive effects of exercise training on HRV which revealed the increments in high frequency (HF) and decrements in LF (low frequency)/HF ratio after training. Conclusion. Participation in an exercise training program has positive effects on cardiac autonomic balance in patients with CHF.


Hung T.-Y.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Lee Y.-K.,Tzu Chi University | Lee Y.-K.,Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | Huang M.-Y.,Mackay Memorial Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine | Year: 2016

Backgroushan in the general population, and these risks may extend longer than expected. © 2016 Hung et al.


Chiu Y.-J.,Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital | Chung H.-H.,National Cheng Kung University | Yeh C.-H.,Chang Jung Christian University | Yeh C.-H.,Chi Mei Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2011

Chlorella is a type of unicellular fresh water algae. In an attempt to develop new agents for handling insulin resistance, Chlorella was employed to screen the effect on insulin resistance in rats induced by fructose-rich chow. A single oral administration of Chlorella for 90min decreased the plasma glucose in a dose-dependent manner in rats receiving 4-week fructose-rich chow. In addition, chronic treatment with Chlorella for 15days also lowered plasma glucose in the same manner. Then, the insulin action on glucose disposal rate was measured using the glucose-insulin index, values of the areas under the curves of glucose and insulin during the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT). Oral administration (three times daily for 5days) of Chlorella to rats receiving 4weeks of fructose-rich chow abolished the elevated value of the glucose-insulin index, indicating that Chlorella has an ability to improve insulin resistance. An increase of insulin sensitivity by Chlorella was further evaluated using the plasma glucose lowering action of exogenous insulin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ-diabetic rats). Oral administration of Chlorella three times daily to STZ-diabetic rats increased the response to exogenous insulin 15days later. The obtained results suggest that oral administration of Chlorella has the ability to improve insulin sensitivity, which may be used as an adjuvant therapy for patients with insulin resistance. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


PubMed | Zhongxing Branch of Taipei City Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Phytotherapy research : PTR | Year: 2014

Chlorella is a type of unicellular fresh water algae. In an attempt to develop new agents for handling insulin resistance, Chlorella was employed to screen the effect on insulin resistance in rats induced by fructose-rich chow. A single oral administration of Chlorella for 90min decreased the plasma glucose in a dose-dependent manner in rats receiving 4-week fructose-rich chow. In addition, chronic treatment with Chlorella for 15days also lowered plasma glucose in the same manner. Then, the insulin action on glucose disposal rate was measured using the glucose-insulin index, values of the areas under the curves of glucose and insulin during the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT). Oral administration (three times daily for 5days) of Chlorella to rats receiving 4weeks of fructose-rich chow abolished the elevated value of the glucose-insulin index, indicating that Chlorella has an ability to improve insulin resistance. An increase of insulin sensitivity by Chlorella was further evaluated using the plasma glucose lowering action of exogenous insulin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ-diabetic rats). Oral administration of Chlorella three times daily to STZ-diabetic rats increased the response to exogenous insulin 15days later. The obtained results suggest that oral administration of Chlorella has the ability to improve insulin sensitivity, which may be used as an adjuvant therapy for patients with insulin resistance.

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