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Bachert C.,Ghent University | Zhang N.,Zhongshan City Peoples Hospital | van Zele T.,Ghent University | Gevaert P.,Ghent University
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2012

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has now been discovered as a frequent disease affecting about 11% of the European population. In clinical terms, CRS may be differentiated in two phenotypes, CRS with and without nasal polyps. This differentiation is also confirmed by immunohistochemical studies on the remodeling pattern of those diseases, identifying TGF-ß as the key regulator. Further differentiation may be based on the inflammatory patterns, differentiating endotypes based on prominent T helper cell cytokines such as interleukin-5 and the presence of IgE antibodies against Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins. The importance of those endotypes has been confirmed by innovative studies using humanized antibodies applied to nasal polyp disease, and by their predictive value for asthma comorbidity. Biomarkers may thus be needed to fully appreciate the CRS disease spectrum and its link to asthma. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Zhang H.,Zhongshan City Peoples Hospital | Lin H.,Putian University | Mo X.,Southern Medical University | Chen G.,Putian University | Lin L.,Southern Medical University
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Neutral endopeptidase (NEP/CD10) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV/CD26) are both ubiquitous glycopeptidases which play important roles in tumor pathogenesis and development. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression patterns and the prognostic significance of CD10 and CD26 in osteosarcoma patients. CD10 and CD26 expression in 116 pairs of primary osteosarcoma and corresponding noncancerous bone tissue samples from the same specimens were detected by immunohistochemistry. The Spearman's correlation was calculated between the expression levels of CD10 and CD26 in osteosarcoma tissues. The associations of CD10 and CD26 expression with the clinicopathologic features and with the prognosis of osteosarcoma were subsequently assessed. Both CD10 expression and CD26 expression in osteosarcoma tissues were significantly higher than those in corresponding noncancerous bone tissue samples (both P < 0.001). Overexpression of CD10 and CD26 were respectively observed in 68.10 % (79/116) and 70.69 % (82/116) of osteosarcoma tissues. A significant correlation was found between CD10 expression and CD26 expression in osteosarcoma tissues (r = 0.83, P < 0.001). In addition, combined overexpression of CD10 and CD26 was observed in 52.59 % (61/116) of osteosarcoma tissues. CD10-high/CD26-high expression was significantly correlated with advanced clinical stage (P = 0.001), positive metastatic status (P = 0.001), shorter overall (P < 0.001) and disease-free (P < 0.001) survival in patients with osteosarcomas. Furthermore, multivariate survival analysis showed that clinical stage, metastatic status, CD10 expression, CD26 expression and combined expression of CD10/CD26 were all independent prognostic factors for predicting both overall and disease-free survival of osteosarcoma patients. Interestingly, combined expression of CD10/CD26 had a better prognostic value than other features. This retrospective study offer the convincing evidence for the first time that the overexpression of CD10 or CD26 may be an important feature of human osteosarcomas, and the combined expression of CD10/CD26 may be an efficient prognostic indicator for this disease. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.

Xie S.,South China University of Technology | Wang H.,South China University of Technology | Liu Z.,Zhongshan City Peoples Hospital | Dai R.,South China University of Technology | Huang L.,South China University of Technology
RSC Advances | Year: 2015

A highly luminescent metal-organic framework (MOF) constructed by a rare dendritic multicarboxyl acid with a pyrene chromophore was synthesized successfully. The fluorescence intensity of the MOF in DMF is obviously stronger than that in other common solvents such as acetone, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, cyclohexane, toluene, pyridine and THF. This particular fluorescence response to DMF is significant in sensing DMF. In addition, this MOF can sense nitrobenzene effectively. Low detection limit and good reproducibility make this material promising for explosive substance detection. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Li X.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine | Zhao J.,Zhongshan City Peoples Hospital | Liu J.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine | Li G.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) was coupled with linear ion trap quadrupole Orbitrap mass spectrometry (LTQ-Orbitrap) and was used for the first time to systematically analyze the absorbed components and metabolites in rat plasma after oral administration of the water extract of Sarcandra glabra. This extract is a well-known Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of inflammation and immunity related diseases. The antiinflammatory activities of the absorbed components were evaluated by measuring nitric oxide (NO) production and proinflammatory genes expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine RAW 264.7 macrophages. As a result, 54 components in Sarcandra glabra were detected in dosed rat plasma, and 36 of them were positively identified. Moreover, 23 metabolites were characterized and their originations were traced. Furthermore, 20 of the 24 studied components showed anti-inflammatory activities. These results provide evidence that this method efficiency detected constituents in plasma based on the anti-inflammatory mechanism of multiple components and would be a useful technique for screening multiple targets for natural medicine research. © 2016 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Song K.,Southern Medical University | Li M.,JiShou University | Xu X.-J.,Southern Medical University | Xuan L.,Southern Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

Aims: Much evidence suggests that increased glucose metabolism in tumor cells might contribute to the development of acquired chemoresistance. However, the molecular mechanisms are not fully clear. Therefore, we investigated a possible correlation of mRNA expression of HIF-1α and GLUT1 with chemoresistance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Bone marrow samples were obtained from newly diagnosed and relapsed AML (M3 exclusion) cases. RNA interference with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was used to stably silence GLUT1 or HIF-1α gene expression in an AML cell line and HIF-1α and GLUT1 mRNA expression was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay (qPCR). Results: High levels of HIF-1α and GLUT1 were associated with poor responsiveness to chemotherapy in AML. Down-regulation of the expression of GLUT1 by RNA interference obviously sensitized drug-resistant HL-60/ADR cells to adriamycin (ADR) in vitro, comparable with RNA interference for the HIF-1α gene. Conclusions: Our data revealed that over-expression of HIF-1α and GLUT1 might play a role in the chemoresistance of AML. GLUT1 might be a potential target to reverse such drug resistance.

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