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Wuhan, China

Liu M.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | Hou J.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | Huang L.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | Huang X.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | And 9 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry

Here we present a novel and robust method for the identification of protein S-nitrosylation sites in complex protein mixtures. The approach utilizes the cysteinyl affinity resin to selectively enrich S-nitrosylated peptides reduced by ascorbate followed by nanoscale liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Two alkylation agents with different added masses were employed to differentiate the S-nitrosylation sites from the non-S-nitrosylation sites. We applied this approach to MDA-MB-231 cells treated with Angeli's salt, a nitric oxide donor that has been shown to inhibit breast tumor growth and angiogenesis. A total of 162 S-nitrosylation sites were identified and an S-nitrosylation motif was revealed in our study. The 162 sites are significantly more than the number reported by previous methods, demonstrating the efficiency of our approach. Our approach will further facilitate the functional study of protein S-nitrosylation in cellular processes and may reveal new therapeutic targets. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source

Du C.-X.,Zhongnan hospital | Zhang E.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology | Chan B.P.L.,Kadoorie Conservation China

Traccatichthys tuberculum, new species, is herein described from the Jian-Jiang, a coastal river in Guangdong Province, South China. Photo by Bosco P.L. Chan. This new species differs from all other Chinese congeners (i.e., T. pulcher and T. zispi) in interorbital width, caudal-peduncle length, and pectoral-fin length. It, together with T. zispi, lacks the color patterns of the dorsal and anal fins in T. pulcher, and differs from T. zispi in preanal length. Traccatichthys tuberculum, together with all other Chinese congeners, is distinct from the Vietnamese species, T. taeniatus, in the shape of the black bar on the caudal-fin base, and the color pattern of the anal fin. Copyright © 2001-2012 Magnolia Press. Source

Li W.,Cleveland Clinic | Vassil A.,Cleveland Clinic | Zhong Y.,Zhongnan hospital | Xia P.,Cleveland Clinic
Medical Physics

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of daily dose monitoring using a patient specific atlas-based autosegmentation method on diagnostic quality verification images. Methods: Seven patients, who were treated for prostate cancer with intensity modulated radiotherapy under daily imaging guidance of a CT-on-rails system, were selected for this study. The prostate, rectum, and bladder were manually contoured on the first six and last seven sets of daily verification images. For each patient, three patient specific atlases were constructed using manual contours from planning CT alone (1-image atlas), planning CT plus first three verification CTs (4-image atlas), and planning CT plus first six verification CTs (7-image atlas). These atlases were subsequently applied to the last seven verification image sets of the same patient to generate the auto-contours. Daily dose was calculated by applying the original treatment plans to the daily beam isocenters. The autocontours and manual contours were compared geometrically using the dice similarity coefficient (DSC), and dosimetrically using the dose to 99% of the prostate CTV (D99) and the D5 of rectum and bladder. Results: The DSC of the autocontours obtained with the 4-image atlases were 87.0% ± 3.3%, 84.7% ± 8.6%, and 93.6% ± 4.3% for the prostate, rectum, and bladder, respectively. These indices were higher than those from the 1-image atlases (p < 0.01) and comparable to those from the 7-image atlases (p > 0.05). Daily prostate D99 of the autocontours was comparable to those of the manual contours (p = 0.55). For the bladder and rectum, the daily D5 were 95.5% ± 5.9% and 99.1% ± 2.6% of the planned D5 for the autocontours compared to 95.3% ± 6.7% (p = 0.58) and 99.8% ± 2.3% (p < 0.01) for the manual contours. Conclusions: With patient specific 4-image atlases, atlas-based autosegmentation can adequately facilitate daily dose monitoring for prostate cancer. © 2013 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. Source

Zhang W.-B.,Zhongnan hospital | Zhang J.-H.,Zhongnan hospital | Pan Z.-Q.,Zhongnan hospital | Yang Q.-S.,Zhongnan hospital | Liu B.,Wuhan University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is an essential enzyme involved in folate metabolism; a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) C677T has been reported to be linked with altered incidences of several diseases. We here conducted a meta-analysis of 15 published epidemiological studies with a total of 7306 cases and 8062 controls to evaluate its association with prostate cancer risk with overall and subgroup analyses. No statistical relationship was found overall with any genetic model (TT vs. CC: OR = 0.80, 95%CI = [0.62, 1.04], P = 0.094; CT vs. CC: OR = 0.97, 95%CI = [0.84; 1.12], P = 0.667; Dominant: OR = 0.94, 95%CI = [0.82; 1.07], P = 0.343; Recessive: OR = 0.81, 95%CI = [0.64; 1.04], P = 0.104), but after the exclusion of several studies, we could observe the homozygote TT to confer less susceptibility to prostate cancer in carriers; moreover, different effects of the polymorphism on prostate cancer risk was detected from subgroup analysis stratified by participants residential region: significant reduced prostate cancer risk was found to be associated with the polymorphism from Asian studies (TT vs. CC: OR = 0.47, 95%CI = [0.33; 0.67], P < 0.001; CT vs. CC: OR = 0.73, 95%CI = [0.60; 0.90], P = 0.002; Dominant: OR = 0.67, 95%CI = [0.56; 0.82], P < 0.001; Recessive: OR = 0.55, 95%CI = [0.40; 0.76], P < 0.001) while studies from Europe indicated a slight increased risk under dominant model with marginal significance (OR = 1.14, 95%CI = [0.99; 1.30], P = 0.064). Moreover, the protective effect of the polymorphism against prostate cancer was also shown by studies performed in yellow Asians (TT vs. CC: OR = 0.48, 95%CI = [0.31; 0.75], P = 0.001; CT vs. CC: OR = 0.68, 95%CI = [0.51; 0.90], P = 0.006; Dominant: OR = 0.63, 95%CI = [0.48; 0.82], P < 0.001; Recessive: OR = 0.57, 95%CI = [0.39; 0.84], P = 0.004). We propose that these phenomena should be viewed with the consideration of folate metabolism profile and different gene background as well as living habits of different populations, and more relevant studies should be conducted to confirm our hypothesis and provide a comprehensive and clear picture concerning this topic. Source

Peng W.,Zhongnan hospital | Peng W.,Hubei University | Zhang T.,Hubei University | Wang Y.,Zhongnan hospital
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management

Objective: To compare the sedation and analgesic effects between propofol–hydromorphone and propofol–dexmedetomidine in patients with postoperative intubation after maxillofacial plastic surgery. Methods: Forty-two patients undertaking maxillofacial plastic surgery with intubation were randomly assigned into propofol plus hydromorphone (P–H) group or propofol plus dexmedetomidine (P–D) group, receiving intravenous infusion of P–H or P–D, respectively. Cerebral state index, Ramsay sedation score, arterial blood gas analysis, and physiology indices were recorded before admission (T0), 30 minutes (T1), 1 hour (T2), 2 hours (T3), 6 hours (T4), and 12 hours after admission (T5) to intensive care unit, and 10 minutes after extubation (T6). Blood interleukin-6 was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: There was no significant difference in arterial blood gas analysis, oxygen saturation, mean arterial pressure, and respiratory rate between two groups at all time-points (P>0.05). The changes of heart rate (at T4, T5, and T6), cerebral state index (T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5), and Ramsay score (at T3) in P–H group were significantly different from that in P–D group (P<0.05). The plasma interleukin-6 at T4 in P–H group was significantly lower than that in P–D group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The P–H approach takes advantages over P–D approach in relieving the pain and discomfort, reducing the overstimulation of sympathetic nerve and the stress level, and enhancing the tolerance of postoperative intubation after maxillofacial plastic surgery. © 2016 Peng et al. Source

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