PubMed | c Zhejiang Chemical Industry Research Institute Co., Nanjing University and Zhejiang University
Type: | Journal: Natural product research | Year: 2016
Sixteen new ester derivatives with various partition coefficient (ClogP) values of tanshinone IIA (TSIIA), a major lipophilic component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, were designed and synthesised, including six aliphatic esters (3a-e, 5a), one phosphate ester (4c) and nine aromatic esters (5b-j). Their antimicrobial activities against three Gram-positive bacteria strains, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and two Gram-negative bacteria strains, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli, as well as two fungi species, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were evaluated in vitro by broth microdilution susceptibility tests. The results showed that keeping ClogP values in a certain range is necessary for their antimicrobial activities. For those compounds with ClogP values between 5 and 10, their MIC values showed positive correlations with ClogP values. In particular, compound 3e exhibited fourfold and twofold higher potency than the standard drug amphotericin B against fungi C. albicans and S. cerevisiae with MIC values of 1.95 and 7.81g/mL, respectively.