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PubMed | Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jining No 1 Peoples Hospital and Soochow University of China
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Wear-particle-induced chronic inflammation and osteoclastogenesis have been identified as critical factors of aseptic loosening. Although strontium is known to be involved in osteoclast differentiation, its effect on particle-induced inflammatory osteolysis remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the potential impact and underling mechanism of strontium on particle-induced osteoclast activation and chronic inflammation in vivo and in vitro. As expected, strontium significantly inhibited titanium particle-induced inflammatory infiltration and prevented bone loss in a murine calvarial osteolysis model. Interestingly, the number of mature osteoclasts decreased after treatment with strontium in vivo, suggesting osteoclast formation might be inhibited by strontium. Additionally, low receptor activator of nuclear factor-B ligand (RANKL), tumor necrosis factor-, interleukin-1, interleukin-6 and p65 immunochemistry staining were observed in strontium-treatment groups. In vitro, strontium obviously decreased osteoclast formation, osteoclastogenesis-related gene expression, osteoclastic bone resorption and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in bone-marrow-derived macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we demonstrated that strontium impaired osteoclastogenesis by blocking RANKL-induced activation of NF-B pathway. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that strontium can significantly inhibit particle-induced osteoclast activation and inflammatory bone loss by disturbing the NF-B pathway, and is an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of wear particle-induced aseptic loosening.


Wang Z.,Soochow University of China | Wang Z.,Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang G.,Soochow University of China | Yang H.,Soochow University of China
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience | Year: 2012

Thirty-one patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) were treated with unilateral balloon kyphoplasty (BKP), and 31 patients were treated with bilateral BKP. The efficacy of unilateral and bilateral BKP was assessed by comparing operation time, X-ray exposure times, incidence of complications, vertebral height restoration, and improvement of the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores. The mean operative time and the exposure time to X-rays in the unilateral BKP group was less than that of the bilateral BKP group (p < 0.05). No statistically significant differences were observed in the cement leakage rate, VAS score, or vertebral height restoration between the two groups (p > 0.05). Unilateral and bilateral BKP are safe and effective treatments for OVCF. Compared with bilateral BKP, patients undergoing unilateral BKP have shorter operations and receive lower X-ray radiation doses. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Qiang S.,Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Du Z.-F.,Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Huang M.,Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2014

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effects of adenovirus-mediated NDRG2 on the proliferation of human renal cell carcinoma cell line OS-RC-2 in vitro. Method: NDRG2 was harvested by RT-PCR, confirmed by DNA sequencing, and then cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP, which encodes green fluorescent protein (GFP), to construct pIRES2-EGFP-NDRG2 plasmid. OS-RC-2 cells with NDRG2 negative expression were transfected with pIRES2-EGFP-NDRG2 plasmid. The growth of transfected OS-RC-2 cells was observed under light and fluorescence microscopes. After colony-forming cell assays, cell proliferation detection and MTT assays, the growth curves of cells in each group were plotted to investigate the inhibitory effects of adenovirus-mediated NDRG2 on the proliferation of OS-RC-2 cells. Cell cycle was determined by flow cytometry. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that NDRG2 protein was specifically located on subcellular organelle. Results: A eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP-NDRG2 was successfully constructed. After NDRG2 transfection, the growth of OS-RC-2 cells was inhibited. Flow cytometry showed that cells were arrested in S phase but the peak of cell apoptosis was not present, and confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that NDRG2 protein was located in mitochondrion. Conclusions: NDRG2 can significantly inhibit the proliferation of OS-RC-2 cells in vitro and its protein is specifically expressed in the mitochondrion. © 2014 Hainan Medical College.


Peng S.,Tongji University | Sun H.,Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhang X.,Tongji University | Liu G.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wang G.,Xuzhou Medical College
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2014

Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) regulates the intracellular level of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Recent studies demonstrated that PDE-4 inhibitors can counteract deficits in long-term memory caused by aging or increased expression of mutant forms of human amyloid precursor proteins, and can influence the process of memory function and cognitive enhancement. Therapeutics, such as ketamine, a drug used in clinical anesthesia, can also cause memory deficits as adverse effects. Targeting PDE-4 with selective inhibitors may offer a novel therapeutic strategy to prevent, slow the progress, and, eventually, treat memory deficits. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Wang Z.,Soochow University of China | Ma C.,Soochow University of China | Meng C.-J.,Soochow University of China | Zhu G.-Q.,Suzhou Municipal Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Pineal Research | Year: 2012

Melatonin has beneficial effects against early brain injury (EBI) by modulating cerebral oxidative stress after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); however, few investigations relate to the precise underlying molecular mechanisms. To date, the relation between melatonin and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and antioxidant responsive element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway has not been studied in SAH models. This study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of melatonin on Nrf2-ARE pathway in rats after SAH. Adult male SD rats were divided into four groups: (i) control group (n = 18); (ii) SAH group (n = 18); (iii) SAH + vehicle group (n = 18); and (iv) SAH + melatonin group (n = 18). The rat SAH model was induced by injection of 0.3 mL fresh arterial, nonheparinized blood into the prechiasmatic cistern in 20 s. In SAH + melatonin group, melatonin was administered i.p. at 150 mg/kg at 2 and 24 hr after the induction of SAH. Brain samples were extracted at 48 hr after SAH. Treatment with melatonin markedly increased the expressions of Nrf2-ARE pathway-related agents, such as Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1, and glutathione S-transferase α-1. Administration of melatonin following SAH significantly ameliorated EBI, including brain edema, blood-brain barrier (BBB) impairment, cortical apoptosis, and neurological deficits. In conclusion, post-SAH melatonin administration may attenuate EBI in this SAH model, possibly through activating Nrf2-ARE pathway and modulating cerebral oxidative stress by inducing antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Zhang Q.,Nanjing University of Technology | Chen X.,Nanjing University of Technology | Tang Y.,Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Ge L.,Nanjing University of Technology | And 2 more authors.
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2014

A sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) antigen based on the immobilization of primary antibody (Ab1) on three dimensional ordered macroporous magnetic (3DOMM) electrode, and the direct electrochemistry of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) that was used as both the label of secondary antibody (Ab2) and the blocking reagent. The 3DOMM electrode was fabricated by introducing core-shell Au-SiO2@Fe3O4 nanospheres onto the surface of three dimensional ordered macroporous (3DOM) Au electrode via the application of an external magnet. Au nanoparticles functionalized SBA-15 (Au@SBA-15) was conjugated to the HRP labeled secondary antibody (HRP-Ab2) through the Au-SH or Au-NH3+ interaction, and HRP was also used as the block reagent. The formation of antigen-antibody complex made the combination of Au@SBA-15 and 3DOMM exhibit remarkable synergistic effects for accelerating direct electron transfer (DET) between HRP and the electrode. Under the optimal conditions, the DET current signal increased proportionally to CA 19-9 concentration in the range of 0.05 to 15.65UmL-1 with a detection limit of 0.01UmL-1. Moreover, the immunosensor showed high selectivity, good stability, satisfactory reproducibility and regeneration. Importantly, the developed method was used to assay clinical serum specimens, achieving a good relation with those obtained from the commercialized electrochemiluminescent method. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Nanjing University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular sciences | Year: 2015

Kansenone is a triterpene from the root of the traditional Chinese medicine, Euphorbia kansui. However, kansenone exerts serious toxicity, but the exact mechanism was not clear. In this work, the effects of kansenone on cell proliferation, cell cycle, cell damage, and cell apoptosis were investigated. The suppression of cell proliferation was assessed via the colorimetric MTT assay, and cell morphology was visualized via inverted microscopy after IEC-6 cells were incubated with different concentrations of kansenone. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were detected for evaluating cell damage. RNase/propidium iodide (PI) labeling for evaluation of cell cycle distribution was performed by flow cytometry analysis. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/PI and Hoechst 33342/Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay for cell apoptosis detection were performed using confocal laser scanning microscopy and high content screening. Moreover, apoptosis induction was further confirmed by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential, western blot and RT-PCR analysis. The results demonstrated that kansenone exerted high cytotoxicity, induced cell arrest at G0/G1 phase, and caused mitochondria damage. In addition, kansenone could up-regulate the apoptotic proteins Bax, AIF, Apaf-1, cytochrome c, caspase-3, caspase-9, caspase-8, FasR, FasL, NF-B, and TNFR1 mRNA expression levels, and down-regulate the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, revealing that kansenone induces apoptosis through both the death receptor and mitochondrial pathways.


PubMed | Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of separation science | Year: 2016

A rapid and high sensitive ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous determination of notoginsenoside R1 and ginsenoside Re in rat plasma was developed. The analytes and internal standard, digoxin, were extracted from rat plasma via protein precipitation with methanol and separated on an Phenomenex Gemini C18 column within 2 min. Quantitation was performed on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer employing electrospray ionization technique, operating in multiple reaction monitoring and positive ion mode. The precursor to product ion transitions monitored for notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Re, and internal standard were m/z 955.5775.5, 969.6789.1, and 803.6283.1, respectively. The assay was validated with linear range of 1.9-380 ng/mL for notoginsenoside R1 and 0.5-100 ng/mL for ginsenoside Re. The intra- and interday precisions (RSD%) were within 8.96% for each analyte. The absolute recoveries were greater than 93% for R1 and 96% for Re. Each analyte was stable during all sample storage, preparation, and analytic procedures. The method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of Xuesaitong dispersible tablets in eight rats.


PubMed | Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Soochow University of China
Type: | Journal: Acta biomaterialia | Year: 2016

Peri-implant osteolysis (PIO) and the following aseptic loosening is the leading cause of implant failure. Emerging evidence suggests that receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation and osteoclastic bone resorption are responsible for particle-stimulated PIO. Here, we explored the effect of theaflavin-3,3-digallate (TF3) on titanium particle-induced osteolysis in vivo and in vitro. Twenty-eight male C57BL/6 mice were randomly separated into four groups: sham control (sham), titanium particles only (titanium), titanium particles with low TF3 concentration (low-TF3, 1mg/kg TF3), and titanium particles with high TF3 concentration (high-TF3, 10mg/kg TF3). Two weeks later, micro-computed tomography and histological analysis were performed. Bone-marrow-derived macrophages and RAW264.7 murine macrophages were applied to examine osteoclast formation and differentiation. TF3 significantly inhibited titanium particle-induced osteolysis and prevented bone destruction compared with titanium group. Interestingly, the number of mature osteoclasts reduced after treatment with TF3 in vivo, suggesting osteoclast formation might be inhibited by TF3. In vitro, TF3 suppressed osteoclast formation, polarization and osteoclastic bone resorption by specifically targeting the RANKL-induced ERK signal pathway. Collectively, these results suggest that TF3, a natural active compound derived from black tea, is a promising candidate for the treatment of osteoclast-related osteolytic diseases, such as wear debris-induced PIO.Total joint arthroplasty is widely accepted for the treatment of end-stage joint diseases. However, it is reported that aseptic loosening, initiated by peri-implant osteolysis, is the major reason for prosthesis failure. Although the pathophysiology of PIO remains unclear, increasing evidence indicates that osteoclasts are excessively activated at the implant site by wear debris from materials. Here, we demonstrated that theaflavin-3,3-digallate, a natural active compound derived from black tea, inhibited osteoclast formation and osteoclastic bone resorption mainly via suppressing the ERK pathway. Moreover, the findings of this study have confirmed for the first time that theaflavin-3,3-digallate has a protective effect on particle-induced osteolysis in a mouse calvarial model, thus preventing bone loss. These results indicate that theaflavin-3,3-digallate may be a suitable therapeutic agent to treat wear debris-induced peri-implant osteolysis.


PubMed | Zhangjiagang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Nanjing University of Technology
Type: | Journal: Analytica chimica acta | Year: 2014

A sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) antigen based on the immobilization of primary antibody (Ab1) on three dimensional ordered macroporous magnetic (3DOMM) electrode, and the direct electrochemistry of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) that was used as both the label of secondary antibody (Ab2) and the blocking reagent. The 3DOMM electrode was fabricated by introducing core-shell Au-SiO2@Fe3O4 nanospheres onto the surface of three dimensional ordered macroporous (3DOM) Au electrode via the application of an external magnet. Au nanoparticles functionalized SBA-15 (Au@SBA-15) was conjugated to the HRP labeled secondary antibody (HRP-Ab2) through the Au-SH or Au-NH3(+) interaction, and HRP was also used as the block reagent. The formation of antigen-antibody complex made the combination of Au@SBA-15 and 3DOMM exhibit remarkable synergistic effects for accelerating direct electron transfer (DET) between HRP and the electrode. Under the optimal conditions, the DET current signal increased proportionally to CA 19-9 concentration in the range of 0.05 to 15.65 U mL(-1) with a detection limit of 0.01 U mL(-1). Moreover, the immunosensor showed high selectivity, good stability, satisfactory reproducibility and regeneration. Importantly, the developed method was used to assay clinical serum specimens, achieving a good relation with those obtained from the commercialized electrochemiluminescent method.

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