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Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd. | Ghidina M.,ZETA Research Ltd. | Gulati A.,Maulana Azad Medical College | Berchialla P.,University of Turin | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Objective: To develop an instrument that allows one to estimate the Indian children’s brand awareness of alimentary products.Methods: The IBAI (International Brand Awareness Instrument), an age specific tool composed of 12 sheets with images reporting brand logos of alimentary products, has been adjusted for the Indian context in order to investigate on infants’ cognitive skills of recalling and recognizing. The IBAI was piloted in a sample of 100 children aged from 3 to 10 y and enrolled in New Delhi schools.Results: Children aged 7–10 y showed an higher brand awareness as compared to those of 3–6 y.Conclusions: The IBAI instrument may be a component for further analysis of the influence of food marketing on child’s diet, foods’ choices and preferences within the Indian social and cultural macro-context. Findings suggest that children over 6 y are particularly gullible by brands and TV promoted advertising. Prevention through information should, therefore be offered to school aged children and their parents, involving teachers, nutritionists and experts in developmental psychology also. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.


Gregori D.,University of Padua | Foltran F.,University of Padua | Ghidina M.,ZETA Research Ltd. | Berchialla P.,University of Turin
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | Year: 2011

The aim of the present study is to understand how different definitions of snacking influence the estimated probability of obesity in the presence of concurrent risk factors. Factors influencing obesity were evaluated by reviewing the relevant literature through a PUBMED search. Six different modalities to define snack consumption were identified. A Bayesian network model in which nodes represent the variables that the retrieved studies indicate as affecting the probability of obesity was implemented and used to estimate the individual risk of developing obesity taking into account the concurrent effect of the considered risk factors. For a subject with a given profile of factors, the probability of obesity varies according to the chosen definition of snacking, up to maximum of 70%. The variability of the probability of obesity attributable to the chosen definition of snacking is very high and may threaten any conclusion about the effect of snacking, which may be related to the specific definitions adopted in the study. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.


Gregori D.,University of Padua | Ballali S.,Prochild ONLUS | Vogele C.,University of Luxembourg | Gafare C.E.,University of Buenos Aires | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | Year: 2014

Nutrition labels on pre-packaged foods have been widely used as a medium to foster healthier eating habits in the general population, to contribute to a reduction in the incidence and prevalence of diet-related conditions. Yet, there is no convincing evidence that food labels are an effective means to achieve the desired effect at population level. Several factors have been suggested to account for this decoupling of efficacy, e.g. difficulties in understanding the information on food-labels. The present article presents the results of a survey on Europeans' understanding of nutritional labels and evaluation on the communication tools for their diffusion. A total of 7550 phone interviews were conducted in 16 European Countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and Hungary. Consumers were asked about their opinion on nutritional information provided at different levels and their commitment to healthy behaviour. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd.


Gregori D.,University of Padua | Gulati A.,Maulana Azad Medical College | Hochdorn A.,University of Padua | Ballali S.,ZETA Research Ltd | And 3 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Conclusions: Food consumption by children is not influenced by the presence of added toys, even after adjustment for several potential confounding factors. The city where they live and age significantly influences Indian children’s caloric intake.Objective: To investigate, in a large pan Indian sample of school children, whether gadgets (toys) added to food increase food consumption, and if contemporary exposure to TV and/or advertising is a further promoting factor.Methods: A total of 1,680 Indian children were first randomized to food exposure with or without toy and then to a five-level exposure to TV viewing and advertising according to a 2 × 5 full factorial ad libitum eating design study. The sample size was computed to detect a difference of 20 Kcal of caloric intake (assuming the same standard deviation of 20 Kcal in both groups) between “food with gadget” (Toy) and “food alone” (No Toy) groups in each level of the exposure to TV and advertising factor, given an alpha error equal to 0.05 and a power of 0.90.Results: Mean caloric intake both in “Toy” and “No Toy” group was around 223 Kcal. When considering exposure to TV and advertising, mean values varied negligibly between 222 and 225 Kcal. According to linear models for the effect of gadget and exposure to TV and/or advertising on children’s intake, no significant adjusted associations were found, neither as main effects nor as interactions. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.


Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd | Loganes C.,Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo | Minto C.,University of Padua
Open Agriculture Journal | Year: 2016

Eucalyptus (Eucapyptus spp.), an evergreen tall tree native to Australia and Tasmania, has been used since ancient times by the aboriginal population for several purposes. In particular, the species E. globulus is widely used in the pulp industry, as well as for the production of eucalyptus oil extracted on a commercial scale in many countries as raw materials in perfumery, cosmetics, food, beverages, aromatherapy and phytotherapy. The 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol), the principal and the most important constituent extracted from eucalyptus leaves, demonstrated an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. Despite the fact that the healthy effects of eucalyptus have been well established by research, further studies are necessary to investigate other prime effects of the plant and its possible implication in the treatment of a greater number of pathological conditions. © Vecchio et al.


Loganes C.,Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo | Ballali S.,ZETA Research Ltd | Minto C.,University of Padua
Open Agriculture Journal | Year: 2016

Together with olive and soybean, canola is one of the most important and diffuse oilseed crops. Due to high oleic acid and antioxidant contents, canola oil shows positive effects on cholesterol, glycemic control, blood pressure and cancer. For these reasons, canola oil can be considered an important food-resource: future scientific research is expected to provide further evidence on adoption of canola oil as a standard dietary choice in healthy subjects as well as a therapeutic strategy in disease treatment. © Loganes et al.


Baldi I.,University of Padua | Gulati A.,Maulana Azad Medical College | Lorenzoni G.,University of Padua | Natarajan K.,Madras ENT Research Foundation P Ltd. MERF | And 5 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Objective: To assess the implications of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) burden among Indian children.Methods: MonteCarlo simulations were performed in order to estimate the number of OSA related obesity cases among Indian children (1–14 y of age) and the number of cases of stroke, coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes, considered as main adverse outcomes of OSA related childhood obesity, according to untreated and treated [adenotonsillectomy (AT) alone and AT associated to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)] pediatric OSA. Data used to perform MonteCarlo simulations were derived from a review about current literature exploring OSA related obesity.Results: The analysis on the number of adverse outcomes according to treated and untreated obesity related to OSA showed that treatments reduce the number of obesity cases, resulting in a great reduction of the amount of stroke, CHD and type 2 diabetes cases. However, the cost for treating adverse outcome was higher in patients treated for obesity related to OSA compared to those not receiving any treatment.Conclusions: The reduction in the number of adverse outcomes due to treatment of obesity related OSA implicates the urgent need for public health policies in providing screening for OSA among children population: an early detection and a consequently prompt reaction to pediatric OSA could improve the burden of OSA related obesity. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.


Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd | Gulati A.,Maulana Azad Medical College | Minto C.,University of Padua | Lorenzoni G.,University of Padua
Open Agriculture Journal | Year: 2016

The role of dietary active compounds in human nutrition is an important area of investigation in the field of nutritional science. In this perspective, functional foods play a relevant role, offering a new kind of health tool that promises specific effects related to particular food components. Anise plant has a long cultural tradition in various countries all over the world, both as food and as drug. The essential oil of anise, extracted from the dry ripe fruits of Illicium verum and Pimpinella anisum, contains anethole, an active chemical compound that showed several functional properties including antimicrobial, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and oestrogenic properties. To date, studies conducted on the properties of anise, demonstrated the efficacy of the plant in the improvement of physiological condition in human and the possibility to exploit the active compounds of anise for the treatment of several chronic diseases. The aim of this review is to collect data on anise in order to evaluate its pharmacological properties. © Vecchio et al.


PubMed | ZETA Research Ltd.
Type: | Journal: Indian journal of pediatrics | Year: 2014

To develop an instrument that allows one to estimate the Indian childrens brand awareness of alimentary products.The IBAI (International Brand Awareness Instrument), an age specific tool composed of 12 sheets with images reporting brand logos of alimentary products, has been adjusted for the Indian context in order to investigate on infants cognitive skills of recalling and recognizing. The IBAI was piloted in a sample of 100 children aged from 3 to 10 y and enrolled in New Delhi schools.Children aged 7-10 y showed an higher brand awareness as compared to those of 3-6 y.The IBAI instrument may be a component for further analysis of the influence of food marketing on childs diet, foods choices and preferences within the Indian social and cultural macro-context. Findings suggest that children over 6 y are particularly gullible by brands and TV promoted advertising. Prevention through information should, therefore be offered to school aged children and their parents, involving teachers, nutritionists and experts in developmental psychology also.


PubMed | ZETA Research Ltd
Type: | Journal: Indian journal of pediatrics | Year: 2014

Nowadays India is undergoing an impressive economic growth accompanied by a very slow decline, almost stagnation, in malnutrition levels. In developing countries, studies on dietary patterns and their relationship with nutritional status are scarce. Over the years some nutritional studies have been performed to explore different types of food consumed in various Indian regions, among different social samples. The aim of the present paper is to review and describe trends in food and nutrition intake patterns in the different states of India. The review was carried out in PubMed, using the advanced research criteria: [food* OR (meal pattern*) OR (eating pattern*)] AND (nutrient intake) AND India*. PubMed research gave back 84 results and out of these, 7 papers due to their focus on food intake and consumption levels in India have been included in this study. Food intake patterns showed that most of the Indians are vegetarians and that food items rich in micronutrients (pulses, other vegetables, fruits, nuts, oilseeds and animal foods) are generally consumed less frequently. Poor and monotonous cereals-based diet may promote inadequate nutrition intakes according to Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) standards.

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