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Trieste, Italy

Gregori D.,University of Padua | Ballali S.,Prochild ONLUS | Vogele C.,University of Luxembourg | Gafare C.E.,University of Buenos Aires | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | Year: 2014

Nutrition labels on pre-packaged foods have been widely used as a medium to foster healthier eating habits in the general population, to contribute to a reduction in the incidence and prevalence of diet-related conditions. Yet, there is no convincing evidence that food labels are an effective means to achieve the desired effect at population level. Several factors have been suggested to account for this decoupling of efficacy, e.g. difficulties in understanding the information on food-labels. The present article presents the results of a survey on Europeans' understanding of nutritional labels and evaluation on the communication tools for their diffusion. A total of 7550 phone interviews were conducted in 16 European Countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and Hungary. Consumers were asked about their opinion on nutritional information provided at different levels and their commitment to healthy behaviour. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd | Paramesh E.C.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Paramesh H.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Loganes C.,Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo | And 3 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Nowadays India is undergoing an impressive economic growth accompanied by a very slow decline, almost stagnation, in malnutrition levels. In developing countries, studies on dietary patterns and their relationship with nutritional status are scarce. Over the years some nutritional studies have been performed to explore different types of food consumed in various Indian regions, among different social samples. The aim of the present paper is to review and describe trends in food and nutrition intake patterns in the different states of India. The review was carried out in PubMed, using the advanced research criteria: [food* OR (“meal pattern*”) OR (“eating pattern*”)] AND (“nutrient intake”) AND India*. PubMed research gave back 84 results and out of these, 7 papers due to their focus on food intake and consumption levels in India have been included in this study. Food intake patterns showed that most of the Indians are vegetarians and that food items rich in micronutrients (pulses, other vegetables, fruits, nuts, oilseeds and animal foods) are generally consumed less frequently. Poor and monotonous cereals-based diet may promote inadequate nutrition intakes according to Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) standards. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd | Ghidina M.,ZETA Research Ltd | Berchialla P.,University of Turin | Paramesh E.C.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Gregori D.,University of Padua
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Objective: To develop an instrument that allows one to estimate the Indian children’s brand awareness of alimentary products.Methods: The IBAI (International Brand Awareness Instrument), an age specific tool composed of 12 sheets with images reporting brand logos of alimentary products, has been adjusted for the Indian context in order to investigate on infants’ cognitive skills of recalling and recognizing. The IBAI was piloted in a sample of 100 children aged from 3 to 10 y and enrolled in New Delhi schools.Results: Children aged 7–10 y showed an higher brand awareness as compared to those of 3–6 y.Conclusions: The IBAI instrument may be a component for further analysis of the influence of food marketing on child’s diet, foods’ choices and preferences within the Indian social and cultural macro-context. Findings suggest that children over 6 y are particularly gullible by brands and TV promoted advertising. Prevention through information should, therefore be offered to school aged children and their parents, involving teachers, nutritionists and experts in developmental psychology also. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Foltran F.,University of Pisa | Verduci E.,University of Milan | Ghidina M.,ZETA Research Ltd | Campoy C.,University of Granada | And 8 more authors.
Journal of International Medical Research | Year: 2010

Nutritional profiling is defined as 'the science of categorizing foods according to their nutritional composition' and it is useful for food labelling and regulation of health claims. The evidence for the link between nutrients and health outcomes was reviewed. A reduced salt intake reduces blood pressure, but only a few randomized controlled trials have verified the effect of salt on overall and cardiovascular mortality. Evidence linking a reduced fat intake with cardiovascular mortality and obesity is generally non-significant. Studies that have examined the relationship between obesity and diet have produced contrasting results. A simulation exercise that demonstrated that the impact of a reduced salt and fat intake on overall mortality would be negligible in the European population was carried out. Consideration of the literature and the results of this simulation exercise suggest that the introduction of nutritional profiles in Europe would be expected to have a very limited impact on health outcomes. © 2010 Field House Publishing LLP. Source

Baldi I.,University of Padua | Lorenzoni G.,University of Padua | Natarajan K.,Madras ENT Research Foundation P Ltd. MERF | Ballali S.,ZETA Research Ltd | And 4 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Objective: To assess the implications of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) burden among Indian children.Methods: MonteCarlo simulations were performed in order to estimate the number of OSA related obesity cases among Indian children (1–14 y of age) and the number of cases of stroke, coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes, considered as main adverse outcomes of OSA related childhood obesity, according to untreated and treated [adenotonsillectomy (AT) alone and AT associated to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)] pediatric OSA. Data used to perform MonteCarlo simulations were derived from a review about current literature exploring OSA related obesity.Results: The analysis on the number of adverse outcomes according to treated and untreated obesity related to OSA showed that treatments reduce the number of obesity cases, resulting in a great reduction of the amount of stroke, CHD and type 2 diabetes cases. However, the cost for treating adverse outcome was higher in patients treated for obesity related to OSA compared to those not receiving any treatment.Conclusions: The reduction in the number of adverse outcomes due to treatment of obesity related OSA implicates the urgent need for public health policies in providing screening for OSA among children population: an early detection and a consequently prompt reaction to pediatric OSA could improve the burden of OSA related obesity. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

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