Karakida T.,Tsurumi University |
Yui R.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Suzuki T.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Fukae M.,Tsurumi University |
Oida S.,Tsurumi University
Connective Tissue Research | Year: 2011
All-trans retinoic acid and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) synergistically induced an alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, one of the osteoblastic differentiation markers, and promoted the extracellular matrix calcification in a myoblastic C2C12 cell culture system. The induced ALP mRNA was not suppressed in the presence of a protein synthesis inhibitor, suggesting that the de novo protein synthesis does not influence this induction. There are three isotypes for the retinoic acid receptor (RARα, RARβ, RARγ). Both the ALP activity and the extracellular matrix calcification were inhibited by the addition of the specific siRNA for RARγ, but not by that for RARα or RARβ. When the effects of the RAR subtype-specific agonists on the ALP activity in the presence of BMP2 were examined, the RARγ-specific agonist was the most effective. The ALP activity induced by any RAR subtype-specific agonist was inhibited by the addition of the specific siRNA for RARγ, but not by that for RARα or RARβ. These results suggest that a RARγ-dependent functional crosstalk is present between the retinoic acid and BMP2 signaling to induce osteogenic transdifferentiation in myoblastic C2C12 cells. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Toyama S.,Juntendo University |
Tamura N.,Juntendo University |
Haruta K.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Karakida T.,Tsurumi University |
And 4 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy | Year: 2010
Introduction: Targeting joint destruction induced by osteoclasts (OCs) is critical for management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) plays a critical role in osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption, we examined the effects of ZSTK474, a novel phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K)-specific inhibitor, on murine OCs in vitro and in vivo.Methods: The inhibitory effect of ZSTK474 on OC formation was determined and compared with other PI3-K inhibitors by counting tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinucleated cells after culturing murine bone marrow monocytic OC precursors, and RAW264.7 cells. Activation of Akt and expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) c1 in cultured RAW264.7 cells were examined. The suppressing effect of ZSTK474 on bone resorption was assessed by the pit formation assay. The in vivo effects of ZSTK474 were studied in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in the mouse. Oral daily administration of ZSTK474 was started either when more than half or when all mice developed arthritis. Effects of ZSTK474 were evaluated using the arthritis score and histological score of the hind paws.Results: ZSTK474 inhibited the differentiation of bone marrow OC precursors and RAW264.7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of ZSTK474 was much stronger than that of LY294002, the most commonly used PI3-K inhibitor. In addition, ZSTK474 suppressed the bone resorbing activity of mature OCs. Moreover, oral daily administration of ZSTK474, even when begun after the development of arthritis, ameliorated CIA in mice without apparent toxicity. Histological examination of the hind paw demonstrated noticeable reduction of inflammation and of cartilage destruction in ZSTK474-treated mice. ZSTK474 also significantly decreased OC formation adjacent to the tarsal bone of the hind paw.Conclusions: These findings suggest that inhibition of PI3-K with ZSTK474 may potentially suppress synovial inflammation and bone destruction in patients with RA. © 2010 Toyama et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Tanaka Y.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan |
Takeuchi T.,Keio University |
Miyasaka N.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Sumida T.,University of Tsukuba |
And 5 more authors.
Modern Rheumatology | Year: 2016
Objectives. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis (LN) who are refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy.Methods. Eligible patients received rituximab at a dose of 1,000 mg at days 1, 15, 169, and 183, and were followed for 53 weeks after the first dose of rituximab. Overall disease activity was assessed monthly using a British Isles Lupus Assessment Group activity index. Patients with LN (Upr/Ucr ≥ 1.0 at study entry) were identified and their renal responses were evaluated according to the criteria proposed by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the Lupus Nephritis Assessment with Rituximab (LUNAR) study.Results. A total of 34 patients were enrolled and received at least one dose of rituximab. Decrease in disease activity was achieved in 16 (76.5%) out of 34 patients. In 17 patients with LN, response rates of 58.8% and 52.9% by ACR and LUNAR criteria, respectively, were seen. Successful steroid tapering was achieved in association with disease remission. Rituximab was well tolerated, and most adverse drug reactions were grade 1-2 in severity.Conclusions. Rituximab is effective for treatment of Japanese patients with SLE and LN refractory to conventional therapy. © 2015 Japan College of Rheumatology. Published by Taylor & Francis.
Migita T.,Cancer Institute |
Migita T.,Cancer Chemotherapy Center |
Narita T.,Cancer Institute |
Narita T.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
And 11 more authors.
American Journal of Pathology | Year: 2010
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation and mitogenesis. Secreted IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are important modulators of IGF bioavailability; however, their intracellular functions remain elusive. We sought to assess the antiapoptotic properties of intracellular IGFBP-2 in lung adenocarcinomas. IGFBP-2 overexpression resulted in a decrease in procaspase-3 expression; however, it did not influence the phosphorylation status of either IGF receptor or its downstream targets, including Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase. Apoptosis induced by camptothecin was significantly inhibited by IGFBP-2 overexpression in NCI-H522 cells. Conversely, selective knockdown of IGFBP-2 using small-interfering RNA resulted in an increase in procaspase-3 expression and sensitization to camptothecin-induced apoptosis in NCI-H522 cells. LY294002, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, caused a decrease in IGFBP-2 levels and enhanced apoptosis in combination with camptothecin. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that intracellular IGFBP-2 was highly expressed in lung adenocarcinomas compared with normal epithelium. Intracellular IGFBP-2 and procaspase-3 were expressed in a mutually exclusive manner. These findings suggest that intracellular IGFBP-2 regulates caspase-3 expression and contributes to the inhibitory effect on apoptosis independent of IGF. IGFBP-2, therefore, may offer a novel therapeutic target and serve as an antiapoptotic biomarker for lung adenocarcinoma. Copyright © American Society for Investigative Pathology.
Teraoka R.,Musashino University |
Abe H.,Musashino University |
Sugama T.,Zenyaku Kogyo Company Ltd |
Ito K.,Musashino University |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2012
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics has been utilized in predictions of natural medicine content without destroying samples. Suppositories (oren powdered extract content 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 10, 12.5, and 15%) were produced by mixing oren powdered extract with macrogol mixture consisting of 1 part macrogol 1500 and 2.5 parts macrogol 4000 at 54°C, and pouring the melt mixture into a plastic container. NIR spectra of the 10 prepared samples were recorded 10 times, and a total of 100 spectra were randomly divided into two data sets, one for calibration and the other for validation. The calibration model for the oren content of the suppository was calculated based on NIR spectra using a partial least-squares regression analysis after pre-treatment (smoothing and the multiplicative scatter correction). The relationship between the actual and predicted values for calibration and validation models had a straight line with correlation coefficients of 0.9936 and 0.9898, respectively. The regression vector result of the calibration model indicates that the peaks at 6945, 5747, and 5160 cm -1 in the regression vector were consistent with those in oren powder extracts. NIR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics offers promise as a method of predicting the oren powder content in suppositories without destroying the samples. © The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer 2011.
PubMed | 2 GeneDesign Inc. and Zenyaku Kogyo Co.
Type: | Journal: Nucleic acid therapeutics | Year: 2016
The obstacles to the development of therapeutic aptamers for systemic inflammatory diseases, such as nuclease degradation and renal clearance, have not been fully overcome. Here, we report a novel PEGylation method, sbC-PEGylation, which improves the pharmacokinetic properties of RNA aptamers that act against interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in mice and monkeys. sbC-PEGylated aptamers were synthesized by coupling the symmetrical branching molecule 2-cyanoethyl-N,N-diisopropyl phosphoroamidite to the 5 end of the aptamer, before conjugating two polyethylene glycol (PEG) molecules to the aptamer. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that compared with conventionally PEGylated aptamers, the sbC-PEGylated aptamer exhibited excellent stability in the blood circulation of mice and monkeys. In addition, one of the sbC-PEGylated aptamers, 17M-382, inhibited the interleukin-6 (IL-6) production induced by IL-17A in NIH3T3 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration of sbC-PEGylated 17M-382 was two times lower than that of non-PEGylated 17M-382. Furthermore, the intraperitoneal administration of sbC-PEGylated 17M-382 significantly inhibited the IL-6 production induced by IL-17A in a mouse air pouch model. Our findings suggest that the novel PEGylation method described in this study, sbC-PEGylation, could be used to develop anti-IL-17A aptamers as a therapeutic option for systemic inflammatory disease.
Takeda K.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Yamaguchi Y.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Hino M.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Kato F.,Jikei University School of Medicine
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics | Year: 2016
The integrity of the hippocampal network depends on the coordination of excitatory and inhibitory signaling, which are under dynamic control by various regulatory influences such as the cholinergic systems. ZSET1446 (ST101; spiro[imidazo[1,2-a] pyridine-3,2-indan]-2(3H)-one) is a newly synthesized azaindolizinone derivative that significantly improves learning deficits in various types of Alzheimer disease (AD) models in rats. We examined the effect of ZSET1446 on the nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (nAChR)-mediated regulation of synaptic transmission in hippocampal slices of rats. ZSET1446 significantly potentiated the facilitatory effect of nicotine and ACh on the frequency of spontaneous postsynaptic currents (sPSCs) recorded in CA1 pyramidal neuronswith a maximumeffect at 100pM(tested range, 10 pM-1000 pM). The basal sPSC frequency without ACh was not affected. Such potentiation by ZSET1446 was observed in both the pharmacologic isolations of inhibitory and excitatory sPSCs and markedly reduced by blockade of either a7 or a4b2 nAChRs. ZSET1446 did not affect ACh-activated inward currents or depolarization of interneurons in the stratum radiatum and the lacunosum moleculare. These results indicate that ZSET1446 potentiates the nicotine-mediated enhancement of synaptic transmission in the hippocampal neurons without affecting nAChRs themselves, providing a novel possible mechanism of procognitive action that might improve learning deficits in clinical therapy. Copyright © 2016 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
Isoyama S.,Cancer Chemotherapy Center |
Isoyama S.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Kajiwara G.,Cancer Chemotherapy Center |
Tamaki N.,Cancer Chemotherapy Center |
And 10 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2015
Drug resistance often critically limits the efficacy of molecular targeted drugs. Although pharmacological inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is an attractive therapeutic strategy for cancer therapy, molecular determinants for efficacy of PI3K inhibitors (PI3Kis) remain unclear. We previously identified that overexpression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) contributed to the development of drug resistance after long-term exposure to PI3Kis. In this study, we examined the involvement of basal IGF1R expression in intrinsic resistance of drug-naïve cancer cells to PI3Kis and whether inhibition of IGF1R overcomes the resistance. We found that cancer cells highly expressing IGF1R showed resistance to dephosphorylation of Akt and subsequent antitumor effect by ZSTK474 treatment. Knockdown of IGF1R by siRNAs facilitated the dephosphorylation and enhanced the drug efficacy. These cells expressed tyrosine-phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate 1 at high levels, which was dependent on basal IGF1R expression. In these cells, the efficacy of ZSTK474 in vitro and in vivo was improved by its combination with the IGF1R inhibitor OSI-906. Finally, we found a significant correlation between the basal expression level of IGF1R and the inefficacy of ZSTK474 in an in vivo human cancer panel, as well as in vitro. These results suggest that basal IGF1R expression affects intrinsic resistance of cancer cells to ZSTK474, and IGF1R is a promising target to improve the therapeutic efficacy. The current results provide evidence of combination therapy of PI3Kis with IGF1R inhibitors for treating IGF1R-positive human cancers. © 2014 The Authors. Cancer Science published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.
Yamaguchi Y.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Takeda K.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co. |
Hino M.,Zenyaku Kogyo Co.
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2013
In the novel object recognition task, ZSET1446 (also coded as ST101) enhanced object recognition memory in mice and ameliorated cognitive impairment caused by scopolamine in rats. The enhancement induced by ZSET1446 in mice was abolished by injection of mechamylamine, a nonselective antagonist of nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors, or dihydro-β-erythroidine, a selective antagonist against the α4 subunit of nicotinic ACh receptors. These results suggest that the procognitive effect of ZSET146 is probably mediated by stimulation of nicotinic receptors. Memantine was also effective in these tests and concomitant administration of subeffective doses of ZSET1446 and memantine significantly ameliorated the cognitive performance in the novel object recognition task in both mice and rats. Moreover, oral administration of ZSET1446 or memantine increased the extracellular level of ACh in the hippocampus as compared with the control. Further, concomitant administration of subeffective doses of ZSET1446 and memantine significantly increased the extracellular level of ACh as compared with the group of ZSET1446 or memantine alone. These results suggest that these two compounds have a synergistic effect on the cognitive function possibly by synergistic increase in the extracellular level of ACh in the hippocampus, and that the combination therapy of these compounds might be effective in clinical settings. © The Japanese Pharmacological Society.
PubMed | Zenyaku Kogyo Co.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer science | Year: 2015
Drug resistance often critically limits the efficacy of molecular targeted drugs. Although pharmacological inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is an attractive therapeutic strategy for cancer therapy, molecular determinants for efficacy of PI3K inhibitors (PI3Kis) remain unclear. We previously identified that overexpression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) contributed to the development of drug resistance after long-term exposure to PI3Kis. In this study, we examined the involvement of basal IGF1R expression in intrinsic resistance of drug-nave cancer cells to PI3Kis and whether inhibition of IGF1R overcomes the resistance. We found that cancer cells highly expressing IGF1R showed resistance to dephosphorylation of Akt and subsequent antitumor effect by ZSTK474 treatment. Knockdown of IGF1R by siRNAs facilitated the dephosphorylation and enhanced the drug efficacy. These cells expressed tyrosine-phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate 1 at high levels, which was dependent on basal IGF1R expression. In these cells, the efficacy of ZSTK474 in vitro and in vivo was improved by its combination with the IGF1R inhibitor OSI-906. Finally, we found a significant correlation between the basal expression level of IGF1R and the inefficacy of ZSTK474 in an in vivo human cancer panel, as well as in vitro. These results suggest that basal IGF1R expression affects intrinsic resistance of cancer cells to ZSTK474, and IGF1R is a promising target to improve the therapeutic efficacy. The current results provide evidence of combination therapy of PI3Kis with IGF1R inhibitors for treating IGF1R-positive human cancers.