President And Fellows Of Harvard College and Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2015-02-26
A nanowire array is described herein. The nanowire array comprises a substrate and a plurality of nanowires extending essentially vertically from the substrate; wherein: each of the nanowires has uniform chemical along its entire length; a refractive index of the nanowires is at least two times of a refractive index of a cladding of the nanowires. This nanowire array is useful as a photodetector, a submicron color filter, a static color display or a dynamic color display.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-02-12
An embodiment relates to a device comprising a substrate having a front side and a back-side, a nanowire disposed on the back-side and an image sensing circuit disposed on the front side, wherein the nanowire is configured to be both a channel to transmit wavelengths up to a selective wavelength and an active element to detect the wavelengths up to the selective wavelength transmitted through the nanowire.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2015-05-05
Described herein is a device comprising: a substrate; one or more of a nanostructure extending essentially perpendicularly from the substrate; wherein the nanostructure comprises a core of a doped semiconductor, an first layer disposed on the core, and a second layer of an opposite type from the core and disposed on the first layer.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-04-04
An embodiment relates to a device comprising an optical pipe comprising a core and a cladding, the optical pipe being configured to separate wavelengths of an electromagnetic radiation beam incident on the optical pipe at a selective wavelength through the core and the cladding, wherein the core is configured to be both a channel to transmit the wavelengths up to the selective wavelength and an active element to detect the wavelengths up to the selective wavelength transmitted through the core. Other embodiments relate to a compound light detector.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-03-01
An embodiment relates to an image sensor comprising (a) a optical pipe comprising a core and a cladding, and (b) a pair of photosensitive elements comprising a central photosensitive element and a peripheral photosensitive element, wherein the central photosensitive element is operably coupled to the core and the peripheral photosensitive element is operably coupled to the cladding, and methods of fabricating and using the same. The image sensor could further comprise a lens structure or an optical coupler or an optical coupler over the optical pipe, wherein the lens structure or the optical coupler or the optical coupler is operably coupled to the optical pipe.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-03-28
A photovoltaic device operable to convert light to electricity, comprising a substrate, a plurality of structures essentially perpendicular to the substrate, one or more recesses between the structures, each recess having a planar mirror on a bottom wall thereof and each recess filled with a transparent material. The structures have p-n or p-i-n junctions for converting light into electricity. The planar mirrors function as an electrode and can reflect light incident thereon back to the structures to be converted into electricity.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2015-11-02
An embodiment relates to image sensor comprising one or more nanowires on a substrate of a cavity, the nanowire being configured to transmit a first portion of an electromagnetic radiation beam incident on the sensor, and the substrate that absorbs a second portion of the electromagnetic radiation beam incident on the sensor, wherein the first portion is substantially different from the second portion. The substrate could have a anti-reflective material. The ratio of a diameter of the cavity to a diameter of the nanowire could be at less than about 10.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-04-08
Color filter array devices and methods of making color filter array devices are disclosed herein. A color filter array may include a substrate having a plurality of pixels thereon, one or more nanowires associated with each of the plurality of pixels, wherein each of the one or more nanowires extends substantially perpendicularly from the substrate, and an optical coupler associated with each of the one or more nanowires. A method of making a color filter array may include, making an array of nanowires, wherein each of the nanowires extend substantially perpendicularly from a substrate, disposing a transparent polymer material to substantially encapsulate the nanowires, removing the nanowires from the substrate, providing a pixel array comprising a plurality of pixels, wherein a hard polymer substantially covers an image plane of the pixel array, disposing the array of nanowires on the pixel array, and removing the transparent polymer encapsulating the nanowires.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-05-09
Described herein is device configured to be a solar-blind UV detector comprising a substrate; a plurality of pixels; a plurality of nanowires in each of the plurality of pixel, wherein the plurality of nanowires extend essentially perpendicularly from the substrate.
Zena Technologies Inc. | Date: 2016-08-01
Methods, apparatuses, systems, and devices relating to fabricating one or more nanowires are disclosed. One method for fabricating a nanowire includes: selecting a particular wavelength of electromagnetic radiation for absorption for a nanowire; determining a diameter corresponding to the particular wavelength; and fabricating a nanowire having the determined diameter. According to another embodiment, one or more nanowires may be fabricated in an array, each having the same or different determined diameters. An image sensor and method of imaging using such an array are also disclosed.