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Kamishihoro, Japan

Sakurai T.,University of Tokyo | Bai H.,University of Tokyo | Konno T.,University of Tokyo | Ideta A.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | And 3 more authors.

The transcription factor caudal-related homeobox 2 (CDX2) regulates trophectoderm differentiation, but its function beyond trophectoderm differentiation is not well characterized. CDX2 was shown to regulate a trophoblast-specific gene, interferon τ (IFNT), in the ruminants. However, its regulatory mechanism has not been determined. Here, we report a new role of CDX2 in histone modifications of the IFNT gene. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays using ovine conceptuses obtained fromd 14, 16, 16.5, or 20 of pregnancy (d 0, day of mating) revealed that H3K18 acetylation was highly detectable at the upstream and open reading frame regions of the IFNT gene on d 14 and 16, when CDX2 reached its peak expression. From d 16.5, when the conceptus initiates attachment to uterine epithelial cells, histone acetylation along with CDX2 expression declines. Two candidate CDX2 binding sites (-300 to -294 bp and -293 to -287 bp) of the bovine IFNT gene promoter region were detected from chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase assay. When Cdx2 constructs were transfected into bovine ear-derived fibroblast cells, histone acetylation was increased, concurrent with the recruitment of cAMP response element binding protein-binding protein, which has histone acetyltransferase activity. H3K18 acetylation was seen in the proximity of the CDX2 binding region located at the IFNT gene's upstream region in CT-1 cells, but when these cells were treated with specific CDX2 small interfering RNA, H3K18 acetylation was decreased. These findings suggest that CDX2 regulates its targeted gene through cAMP response element binding protein-binding protein recruitment, which correlates with greater histone acetylation. Copyright © 2010 by The Endocrine Society. Source

Sakurai T.,University of Tokyo | Bai H.,University of Tokyo | Bai R.,University of Tokyo | Sato D.,University of Tokyo | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Reproduction and Development

Interferon tau (IFNT), produced for a short interval during early pregnancy by the ruminant embryonic trophectoderm, is essential for the maintenance of early pregnancy, but the mechanism by which it is transcriptionally regulated has not been fully determined. To identify a transcription factor(s) involved in the down-regulation of IFNT genes, mRNAs for various known transcription factors were investigated by reverse-transcriptase and real-time PCR in conceptus tissues collected on Days 15, 17, and 21, or Days 17, 20, and 22 of ovine or bovine pregnancy, respectively. In particular, the T-box protein eomesodermin (EOMES) exhibited high mRNA expression in Day 17 or 22 ovine or bovine conceptuses. Interaction between EOMES and the identified transcription factors was studied using transient transfection, revealing that ovine/bovine IFNT-reporter transactivation was down-regulated by EOMES. Transcription factor interactions with EOMES were further studied through immunoprecipitation, demonstrating an association between EOMES and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB)-binding protein (CREBBP). Uterine flushing media collected from cyclic or early pregnancy animals were added to bovine trophoblast CT-1 cells cultured on type-I collagen (monoculture) or bovine uterine epithelial cells (coculture) in an attempt to regulate EOMES expression. In the coculture, but not the monoculture, addition of uterine flushing from Day 17 pregnant animals resulted in increased EOMES expression in CT-1 cells. These results suggest that as conceptuses attach to the uterine epithelium, IFNT gene transcription is down-regulated by an increase in EOMES expression and EOMES-CREBBP binding in the attached trophoblast cells. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Ideta A.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Hayama K.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Urakawa M.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Tsuchiya K.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | And 2 more authors.
Animal Reproduction Science

In bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT), embryos are more likely to develop to full term when they are derived from fibroblasts at the G1 phase instead of cells at the G0/G1 phase. To better understand the reason for this difference, we examined morphological development in the early pregnancy of NT embryos using G1 phase cells (G1-NT embryos) and G0/G1 phase cells (G0/G1-NT embryos). Blastocysts derived from G1 and G0/G1-NT embryos were transferred to recipient heifers, and the conceptuses at day 50 of gestation were retrieved non-surgically using prostaglandin F2α and oxytocin. In vitro-fertilized (IVF), parthenogenetic and artificially inseminated (AI) embryos were used as controls. The percentages of embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage did not differ between G1 and G0/G1-NT embryos. Pregnancy rates at day 30 of recipient heifers carrying G1-NT, G0/G1-NT, IVF, parthenogenetic and AI embryos were similar (57-100%). Two recipient heifers carrying parthenogenetic embryos returned to estrus between days 30 and 50 of gestation, whereas all other pregnancies remained viable. Most fetuses at day 50 of gestation of all experimental groups (83%) were recovered non-surgically by several PGF2α and oxytocin treatments. Recovery rates of normal fetuses derived from G1-NT embryos (83%), IVF embryos (80%) and AI embryos (88%) were greater than those of G0/G1-NT embryos (33%) and parthenogenetic embryos (0%). Our results suggest that NT embryos reconstructed with cells at the G1 phase have a high developmental competence from the time of embryo transfer to day 50 of gestation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Ideta A.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Tsuchiya K.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Aoyagi Y.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center
Animal Science Journal

Erythrocytes were recently found to improve the early development of mice embryos by their antioxidant effect. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of erythrocytes on the in vitro development of bovine in vitro fertilized (IVF) embryos in medium supplemented with reactive oxygen species (ROS). IVF embryos were cultured in CR1aa medium supplemented with oxidizing agents, 0.5mmol/L hypoxanthine and 0.01U/mL xanthine oxidase (HX/XOD), in the presence and absence of erythrocytes (5×10 4, 5×10 5, 5×10 6 and 5×10 7 erythrocytes/mL). After 8 days, blastocysts were examined with a stereomicroscope. HX/XOD blocked development to the blastocyst stage (HX/XOD: 0%, control: 33%), but in the presence of both erythrocytes and HX/XOD, blastocyst development was restored to about one-third to two-thirds the normal rate (5×10 5 to 5×10 7 erythrocytes/mL: 12 to 23%). Furthermore, adding erythrocytes or erythrocyte hemolysate to medium without HX/XOD increased the blastocyst rate. These results suggest that the addition of erythrocytes can attenuate the detrimental effects of ROS on embryo development in bovine species as well as in mice. © 2011 The Authors. Animal Science Journal © 2011 Japanese Society of Animal Science. Source

Ideta A.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Sakai S.-i.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Nakamura Y.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | Urakawa M.,Zen noh Embryo Transfer Center | And 4 more authors.
Animal Reproduction Science

Embryo transfer (ET) has been used to improve reproductive efficiency and genetic make-up in bovine species. However, the success rate of ET has not been improved since its inception. Here we examined whether administration of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) into the uterine horn can improve pregnancy rates following bovine ET. First we determined that the abundance of interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β and IL-8 transcripts in PBMCs was greatest after 24 h of culture. PBMCs that had been cultured for 24 h were gently administered non-surgically to the uterine horn ipsilateral to the corpus luteum on day 4 of the estrous cycle. On day 7, the ET was carried out and the pregnancy rate in the PBMC-treated group was compared with that in the non-treated group. The pregnancy rate on day 60 in the PBMC-treated group (76.7%, 56/73) was significantly higher than that in the non-treated group (59.7%, 43/72, p < 0.05). These results indicate that administration of autologous PBMCs into the uterine horn improves pregnancy rates following bovine ET. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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