Zavod Za Gradbenistvo Slovenije and Jozef Stefan Institute | Date: 2017-02-22
The invention refers to a process for obtaining health- and environment acceptable construction materials from the soil containing water soluble compounds of heavy metals, which are harmful for health and environment and the content of which essentially exceeds still acceptable border values. During the first step such contaminated soil is prepared, upon which a dispersion of Fe nanoparticles is admixed to said soil, which is then followed by adding of bentonite clay in powder form and homogenization. Upon that, calcareous fly ash is added, which is optionally followed by adding water and mixing.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: EeB.NMP.2011-4 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2012
Energy efficiency in buildings will play a major role in responding to climate change and energy issues, if we are able to trigger large scale actions involving EU, all Member States and their regional and local authorities. The concept of Geo-clusters is highly relevant, being virtual trans-national areas where strong similarities are found (i.e. climate, culture and behaviour, construction typologies, economy, energy price and policies and gross domestic product, to name a few). In this framework, it is clear that the geo-cluster map will not be based on fixed geographic regions, but is to be considered as a multi-dimensional and dynamic tool. Our goal is to locate similarities across enlarged EU by combining single or multiple parameters and indicators organised in homogeneous layers and sub-layers. As a pure example, we may consider a Technological layer (i.e. building typologies, technologies, ..), a Context layer (i.e. climatic conditions, ...), a Socio-economic layer (i.e. macroeconomic indicators, behavioural aspects,), a Political-strategic layer (i.e. standards and regulations, energy policies, ..). There are however a number of barriers that are due to scattered knowledge, specific needs, failure modes and bottlenecks, as well as the weakness and threats experienced by running clusters dealing with energy efficiency in the built environment across EU, requiring a EU coordination action centred on a two-fold approach: 1. Structuring and correlating the existing knowledge and information available at broader public level on EU, National and local basis. Once descriptors have been identified, a correlation methodology will then be developed to associate the different data layers and create multi-dimensional maps. 2. Validation through two pilot clusters, performing an in-depth analysis and validation of the overall approach and methodology focusing on the two pilot clusters Mediterranean arc and Western Central and Northern West EU.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-2.1.1 | Award Amount: 10.28M | Year: 2013
Preparing NUGENIA for HORIZON 2020 The objective of the NUGENIA\ project is to support the NUGENIA Association in its role to coordinate and integrate European research on safety of the Gen II and III nuclear installations in order to better ensure their safe long term operation, integrating private and public efforts, and initiating international collaboration that will create added value in its activity fields. The project consists of two parts, the first part being a Coordination and Support Action and the second part a Collaborative Project. The aim of the first part, the Coordination and Support Action, is to establish an efficient, transparent and high quality management structure to carry out the planning and management of R&D including project calls, proposal evaluation, project follow-up dissemination and valorisation of R&D results in the area of safety of existing Gen II and future Gen III nuclear installations. The preparatory work will encompass governance, organizational, legal and financial work, as well as the establishment of annual work plans, with the aim to structure public-public and/or private-public joint programming enabling NUGENIA to develop into the integrator of the research in the respective field in Europe. The management structure will build on the existing organisation of the NUGENIA Association, currently grouping over 70 nuclear organisations from research and industry (utilities, vendors and small and medium enterprises) active in R&D. In the second part, the Collaborative project, one thematic call for research proposals will be organized among the technical areas of plant safety and risk assessment, severe accident prevention and management, core and reactor performance, integrity assessment of systems, structures and components, innovative Generation III design and harmonisation of procedures and methods. The call will take place one year after the start of the project. The call will implement the priorities recognised in the NUGENIA Roadmap, in line with the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) strategies. The research call which is going to be organised within the project is open to all eligible organisations. The NUGENIA\ project will benefit from the experience of the NUGENIA Association member organisations on managing national research programmes and from the track record of the NUGENIA project portfolio.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2013.5-3. | Award Amount: 3.02M | Year: 2013
The main objective of this project is to advance the harmonization of measurement methods for skid resistance, noise emission and rolling resistance of road pavements and prepare for standardization. In this the project will follow the recommendations of key predecessor projects like TYROSAFE, HERMES, SILVIA and MIRIAM. The project aims at performing prenormative research to enable the creation or improvement of European standards in the working field of the working group CEN TC 227 / WG5.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-2.1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2015
The project provides solutions for common infrastructure problems encountered in diverse regions of Europe, e.g. deterioration and scour damage to bridges, slope instability, damage to switches and crossings and track performance. Whilst similar failure modes are seen around the EU, the triggers (precipitation, earthquake loading etc.) are regional. The DESTination RAIL project will develop management tools based on scientific principles for risk assessment using real performance measurements and other vital data stored in an Information Management System. This will allow for a step-change in the management of European rail infrastructure. The objectives will be achieved through a holistic management tool based on the FACT (Find, Analyse, Classify, Treat) principle. Find - Improved techniques for the assessment of existing assets will be developed. Analyse - Advanced probabilistic models fed by performance statistics and using databases controlled by an information management system. Classify - The performance models will allow a step-change in risk assessment, moving from the current subjective (qualitative) basis to become fundamentally based on quantifiable data. Treat - The impact of proposed remediation or reconstruction will be assessed using the a probabilistic whole life cycle model which includes financial and environmental costs and the impact of work on traffic flow. The FACT principles will be implemented in a holistic decision support tool for infrastructure managers. DESTination RAIL will result significant impact in relation to the objectives of the work programme. It will reduce the cost of investment by using the IMS to manage the network, (ii) Monitoring and real-times analyses will prevent unnecessary line restrictions and closures. (iii) Lower maintenance costs by optimisimg interventions in the life cycle of the asset and (iv) optimise traffic flow in the network.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EEB-04-2016 | Award Amount: 3.36M | Year: 2016
The basic idea is to embed the waste from building demolition (fragmented bricks, fragmented plaster or concrete, fragmented glasses, machined wood from windows frame or from wood beams after demolition etc.) in a geopolymer matrix to produce prefabricated panels for different use. The main objective of InnoWEE is in fact the development of an optimized reuse of Construction and Demolition Waste (CDW) materials producing high add value prefabricated insulating and radiating panels to be used in energy efficient buildings. The proposal is based on: 1) Recovery, selection and disassembling of CDW that will be characterized and eventually treated to yield suitable raw materials to be used for production of prefabricated components. 2) Development of new high performance prefabricated insulating geopolymeric panels for building walls envelopes and radiating panels for indoor wall and ceilings with low environmental impact, low embodied energy, low CO2 emissions, high thermal performance. Panels will be fabricated recycling cement, bricks, mortars, glass and wood reaching at least 30% of CDW. 3) To install the panels in demo sites characterized by different climate to evaluate their performance in terms of reducing energy use and minimizing environmental impacts. 4) To use an integrated design process and a holistic approach for the whole life cycle of the materials and components and produce a material that is cost effective, competitive, robust, reliable and low maintenance. 5) To create practical and sustainable building solutions that are easy to integrate into building designs, easy to install, take in consideration the needs of the stakeholders that strongly influence the market, and have been tested to meet all the current standards.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-8.4a-2015 | Award Amount: 3.33M | Year: 2016
An efficient asset management process is needed to ensure cost-effectiveness, in planning, delivery, operation and maintenance of large infrastructures or infrastructures network. Infrastructure asset management generally focuses on the later stages of a facilitys life cycle, specifically maintenance, rehabilitation, and replacement. However, a process of efficient asset management must define methods and tools for asset tracking, management of maintenance activity, determine the life cycle and replacement costs of the assets, assistance in determining funding strategies, optimizing capital investments in operation and maintenance, and help with the replacement of assets. Currently, the procurement, design, construction, exploitation and public communication to the final users and society regarding to the land transport infrastructures are: not multimodal, not cross-assets, but focused on individual assets. not correctly linked, not being able to exchange information by different stakeholders. lack of a common risk based approach and the implementation of resilient concepts throughout the whole life cycle The aim of the proposal is to establish a common framework for governance, management and finance of transport infrastructure projects in order to ensure the best possible return from limited investment funds in transport infrastructures The main objective of RAGTIME is to develop, demonstrate and validate an innovative management approach and to lay out a whole system planning software platform, based on standard multiscale data models, able to facilitate a holistic management throughout the entire lifecycle of the infrastructure, providing an integrated view of risk based approach, implementing risk based models, resilient concepts and mitigation actions, with specific reference to climate change related threats perspective, and monitored with smart systems, in order to optimize ROI, management, guarantee LOS and improve resilience through maintaining the service.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-CSA | Phase: WIDESPREAD-1-2014 | Award Amount: 495.62K | Year: 2015
With excellence in research, innovation, and application into economy and society, the new Centre of Excellence, Renewable materials and healthy environments research and innovation centre of excellence (InnoRenew CoE) will improve sustainable building practices by combining the existing concepts with the Restorative Environmental Design (RED) paradigm, which combines sustainable building practices with biophilic design. This will increase the competitive advantages of the affiliated renewable resource-based construction industry, and create innovation and market pull for RED-based materials and products (holistic living environment). Consequently, innovation and market pull for material recovery and higher added value renewable resource based and energy carriers will be initiated. Research and development activities will seek the optimal intersection of performance and sustainability, including economic, environmental and societal indicators. With support and guidance from the advanced partner, Fraunhofer WKI, scientific research and development activities will be transferred profitably and efficiently to the industry and through them to society in the form of innovative new products and processes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-8.1b-2014 | Award Amount: 929.75K | Year: 2015
An efficient and high-quality transport infrastructure is a fundamental requirement for the connectivity of people and goods in Europe and basis for economic growth, competitiveness and territorial cohesion. In general, the transport network in Europe is of a high standard but is still fragmented regarding the geographical distribution and the transport modes. In recent years, first networking activities and exchange of strategic programmes among the stakeholders of the four transport modes road, rail, water and air can be noticed but still a mono-modal, mono-disciplinary culture exists. In the light of the future challenges, e.g. increasing transport demand, ageing infrastructure, scarcity of natural resources, changing climatic conditions, it is inevitable to strengthen the collaboration of the single transport modes in order to create an improved future integrated and functioning transport system for Europe, despite of limited financial resources of the owners of the transport network. The FOX project aims to develop a highly efficient and effective cross-modal R&D environment and culture which meets the demanding requirements of the transport and connectivity. Based on already existing programmes and agendas related to the aspects of co-modal transport research, the FOX project will identify common needs and innovative techniques in the areas of construction, maintenance, inspection, and recycling & reuse of transport infrastructure. This will be reached by the involvement of all stakeholders (owners, researchers, and industry) of the four transport modes in a phased approach: Starting with the determination of the state-of-the-art in research and practice, in the next step the most promising practices and ideas will be identified. By mapping the common needs, the final aim is to establish a cross-modal Working Group to develop a roadmap for the whole transport sector and set the agenda for further improvement of cross-modal research development innovation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2013-2 | Award Amount: 5.75M | Year: 2013
The challenge of today lies in the accomplishment of sustainable and low-energy buildings, which can combine at the same time the thermal insulation properties with healthy, comfortable, accessible and safe indoor environment. Reduction of the energy demand through the use of insulating materials still remains a challenge for European architects and building designers as well as materials producers. Beside good and consistent thermal and acoustic performance overtime, a good and marketable insulation material should in fact be self-extinguishing, not degradable, unshrinkable or non-settling, safe during handling and installation, low cost and should not pollute the indoor building environment, while having a low embodied energy, proven through LCA assessment. The main aim of the BRIMEE project is therefore to combine the development of better performing insulation materials for improving buildings energy performance and having as final overall objective a significant reduction of buildings operational energy, in combination with the capability not to emit harmful substances and to act as an absorber for indoor pollutants. Our innovation is based on a Nano-Cristalline Cellulose (NCC) based foam, strengthened with Natural derived resin (furan), providing self extinguishing features. An enzimatic approach and protein fusion to the Cellulose basis is exploited to confer to the material additional functionalities from the bulk, such as fragrance release, water repellence or anti-bacteria. Thanks to an advanced processing, the NCC material can be profitably extracted from the waste streams of the pulp and paper industry. Although the BRIMEE product family is applicable for the envelope and interior partitions of both new and existing buildings, most of the impact and the largest market is represented by buildings built before 1975 and requiring retrofitting. This is the initial market to be penetrated in line with EU priorities and recent action plans and directives.