Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA

Chilanga, Zambia

Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA

Chilanga, Zambia
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Munyeme M.,University of Zambia | Muma J.B.,University of Zambia | Siamudaala V.M.,Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA | Tryland M.,Section of Arctic Veterinary Medicine
Preventive Veterinary Medicine | Year: 2010

Tuberculosis (TB) has been reported in the Kafue lechwe antelopes (Kobus leche Kafuensis) of Zambia. However, previous reports are restricted to the southern parts in Lochinvar, where only old male animals were investigated. This study was conducted to gather epidemiological information on TB in Lechwe antelopes across sexes and age groups in relation to other explanatory variables of disease occurrence in the Kafue Basin. Animals were hunted under a special licence to investigate diseases in the Kafue Basin during the 2004, 2005 and 2008 hunting seasons. Histopathology, acid-fast staining and mycobacterial culturing from tissue samples were conducted. A total of 119 animals were slaughtered with an estimated age range of 2.5-20 years. Of these, 29 (24.3% [95% CI: 16.5, 32.3%]) had necropsy lesions suggestive of tuberculosis, of which 21 (17.6% [95% CI: 10.7, 24.6%]) tested positive on acid-fast staining while 33 (27.7% [95% CI: 19.6, 35.9%]) showed culture and colony morphological characteristics suggestive of Mycobacterium species. On univariate analysis, animals with poor body condition were twice as likely to have tuberculosis associated lesions as those having good body conditions (OR. =2.3, 95% CI: 0.6, 9.3%). Based on lesion distribution, a respiratory route of mycobacterial infection is intimated. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Mwase M.,University of Zambia | Shimada K.,Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA | Mumba C.,University of Zambia | Yabe J.,University of Zambia | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Comparative Pathology | Year: 2015

A 15-year-old male African lion (Panthera leo) was presented with blindness due to bilateral panuveitis with retinal detachment. Feline coronavirus (FCoV) antigen was identified immunohistochemically in ocular macrophages, consistent with a diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) infection. This is the first report of FIP in an African lion and the first report of ocular FIP in a non-domestic felid. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Mumba C.,University of Zambia | Squarre D.,Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA | Mwase M.,University of Zambia | Yabe J.,University of Zambia | Shibahara T.,Japanese National Institute of Animal Health
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2014

This article reports a first case of calcinosis circumscripta in a captive African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Histopathology demonstrated well defined multiple cystic structures containing granular, dark basophilic materials with peripheral granulomatous reaction, characterized by presence of multinucleated giant cells surrounded by a varying amounts of fibrous connective tissues. Special staining with von Kossa revealed black stained deposits confirming the presence of calcium salts. © 2014 by the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine.


Mwase M.,University of Zambia | Mumba C.,University of Zambia | Square D.,Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA | Kawarai S.,Azabu University | Madarame H.,Azabu University
Journal of Comparative Pathology | Year: 2013

A female wild African lion ( Panthera leo) was presented with an 8-month history of a wound with multiple discharging sinus tracts on the left paw. Microscopical examination revealed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of cutaneous SCC in an African lion. Cutaneous SCC presenting as discharging sinus tracts lined by neoplastic squamous cells has not been reported previously in animals. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Squarre D.,Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA | Yabe J.,University of Zambia | Mumba C.,University of Zambia | Mwase M.,University of Zambia | And 3 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2015

A case of toxaemia secondary to pyloric foreign body obstruction in two four-month-old African lion cubs were presented in this article. The lion cubs were presented to the school of veterinary medicine with a complaint of weight loss and stunted growth despite having a normal appetite and seizures. Definitive diagnosis was made based on gross pathology after attempting various symptomatic treatments. This article therefore is meant to discourage the use of blankets as bedding in holding enclosures for warmth and comfort post-weaning in captive lion cubs and indeed wild cats in general as they tend to eat bedding that has been soiled with food. © 2015 Hainan Medical University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | University of Zambia, Zambia Wildlife Authority ZAWA and Azabu University
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of comparative pathology | Year: 2015

A 15-year-old male African lion (Panthera leo) was presented with blindness due to bilateral panuveitis with retinal detachment. Feline coronavirus (FCoV) antigen was identified immunohistochemically in ocular macrophages, consistent with a diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) infection. This is the first report of FIP in an African lion and the first report of ocular FIP in a non-domestic felid.

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