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There is a considerable cultural pressure towards a slim body silhouette. Girls and young woman whose professional carrier depends on their low body weight and sharp looking posture are especially vulnerable to such trends. This problem is especially acute in girls attending to ballet schools, professional dancers and in some sportswoman who are expected to move with charm and appear unnaturally slim, usually being the result of special nutrition. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the nutritional habits of ballet school students and to compare the results with the current nutritional norms. 14 girls, ballet dancers, participated in this study. Before the study their body high (BH) and body mass (BM) were measured for the calculation of BMI (Body Mass Index). The girls were asked to make notes, during 10 days, on the amount and kind of food they consumed. The energy and amounts of selected nutrients were calculated by the computer program Food 3. The results show the deficiency in fats, fibre, minerals like K, Ca, Fe, Mg and some vitamins B1 and PP. Improper diet, deficient in several basics nutrients may results in incorrect physical development of attendees of ballet schools.

The aim of the project was to evaluate women's knowledge about symptoms, health hazards and preventive or mitigative measures against ailments of this life period. The study was conducted among 100 randomly chosen women, aged 42-49, experiencing the pre-menopausal time of life. The research tool was an anonymous questionnaire of own authorship. The results showed that it was menopausal symptoms the women were more familiar with rather than the health hazards resulting from hormonal deficiency. The surveyed indicated the following symptoms of this life period: mood fluctuations (82%), nervousness (74%), decreased elasticity of the skin (70%), hot flashes (69%), fatigue (66%), feeling unwell physically (65%), depressed mood (59%), tendency to cry (52%), sleep disturbances (50%). The women were not aware of the means to mitigate the disturbing symptoms of this time of life (with the exception of the hormone replacement therapy), having no knowledge on the role soya and soya-based supplements play in the alleviation of the nuisance of menopause.

Cardiovascular diseases cause about 50% of deaths in Poland. These disorders most frequently result from atherosclerotic changes in arteries. Knowledge on the prevention and elimination of risk factors is vital in reducing the development of atherosclerosis and other non-infectious chronic diseases. The aim of the study was the assessment of junior secondary and secondary school students knowledge pertaining to atherosclerosis risk factors and prevention. 197 students participated in the project, with 97 attending junior secondary and 100--secondary school in the voivodship of Malopolskie. The junior and upper secondary level pupils originated from small towns (86.6%, 51%) and villages (13.4%, 49%) of the Bochnia and Tuchow districts. The study was conducted in May 2010 by means of a diagnostic survey including an anonymous questionnaire. As risk factors encouraging the development of atherosclerosis to the greatest extent the junior secondary school students selected overweight and obesity, high cholesterol levels, fast food consumption and smoking. The majority of the junior secondary school pupils (61%) and those from the upper secondary level (85%) stated that what should be undertaken in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis is the reduction or elimination of food products rich in cholesterol, such as egg yolks, cream, butter, fatty meat. More than half of the junior and upper secondary school level pupils (57%) knew that the consumption of saturated fatty acids should be reduced as a preventive means against cardiovascular diseases. More than 73% of the junior and 85% of the upper secondary school pupils indicated the important role played by physical activity and maintaining a proper body mass in prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis. The youth's knowledge ofatherosclerosis development risk factors was insufficient. Secondary school students displayed a higher level of knowledge with regard to prophylaxis and dangers pertaining to non-infectious chronic diseases than the respondents attending junior secondary school.

Medrela-Kuder E.,Zaklad Higieny i Wychowania Zdrowotnego
Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny | Year: 2011

The aim of the study was to specify the dietary habits of type 2 diabetes sufferers. The investigation was conducted in medical centres of the Małopolskie voivodship in 2008. Anonymous questionnaires were filled in by a group of l00 persons (66 women and 34 men) aged 40 to 84. Principles of proper nutritional behaviour were implemented to a limited extent by the ill studied. The most common dietary errors were: the lack of regular meal intake, snacking between meals, eating sweets and employing inadvisable cooking techniques. The patients' diets included fatty meats such as pâté, salami, sausages. The relevant education in regard to nutritional principles in diabetes and other civilisation diseases should be realised for the patients.

The aim of the study was to evaluate physical activity and resting manners of type 2 diabetes sufferers. The research was conducted in health care centres in Malopolskie voivodship in 2008. 100 people (66 women, 34 men) aged between 40 and 84 filled in anonymous questionnaires. The majority of the respondents rested passively, half of the surveyed indicating lying, watching TV and listening to music as a way of resting. The majority of the ill did not embark upon physical activity as an essential element in treating diabetes. The most frequently (systematically) practised forms of physical activity were animal breeding, gardening and strolling. Poor health condition discouraged the surveyed from undertaking physical activity.

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