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Kraków, Poland

Kolodziejczyk L.M.,Zaklad Fykologii | Wolowski K.,Zaklad Fykologii
Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica | Year: 2015

Marine macroalgae are natural components of coastal ecosystems. Some of them have practical and industrial applications. Tytus Chałubiński was a Polish medical doctor and natural science enthusiast who completed a valuable collection of mosses and other cryptogams, now kept in the Tatra Mts Museum in Zakopane. In the present paper, 10 specimens from Chalubiński's collection, representing 7 species of macroalgae, are determined and documented. One of them is a green alga (Clilorophyta) and the others represent red algae (Rhodophyta). This small phycological collection is an interesting and important botanical legacy from Tytus Chałubiński.


The present contribution documents algae flora in the Bieszczady National Park for the first time. No dates are known on the occurrence and taxonomic diversity of algae in Wolosate Peat-bog. In the collected material 52 taxa belonging to Schizophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Euglenophyceae and Chlorophyceae, were identified. Among all taxa three new, Trachelomonas conica Playfair 1915 var. ovata, Characiopsis saccata Carter 1919, Chlamydomonas acidophila Negoro 1944 and rare colourless species Notosolenus apocamptus Stokes 1884 to Polish flora were found. The short descriptions and original LM microphotographs for all of the taxa are given. © W.Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Science 2011 All Right Reservd.


In the preliminary study on chlorophytes in summer littoral phytoplankton of six limnologically different Tatra lakes 89 taxa, including i.a. 62 desmids and 20 chlorococcal algae, were found. Of these 58 taxa are recorded for the first time from the Polish Tatra lakes. Chlorophytes were most numerous in Litworowy Staw (38) and Toporowy Staw Niźni (35) lakes, which are shallow and situated at a lower elevation above sea level compared to the others. Composition of chlorophyte algae was characteristic for each of the studied lakes. It is shown by small number of common taxa (21). Desmids, including Closterium closterioides var. intermedium, Euastrum bidentatum, E. denticulatum, Staurastrum punctulatum var. punctulatum and Teilingia excavata var. excavata, are the most expanded chlorophytes in the Polish Tatra lakes. Most taxa found during the recent study are documented in the form of original photos.

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