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Chou C.K.,Yuans General Hospital
Radiology Case Reports | Year: 2016

Cholecystogastric fistula is a rare complication of chronic cholecystitis or long-standing cholelithiasis. It results from the gradual erosion of the approximated, chronically inflamed wall of the gall bladder and stomach with fistulous tract formation. The present case describes the direct visualization of a cholecystogastric fistula by computed tomography in a patient without prior biliary system complaints. © 2016 The Author.

Dietary flavonoids have various biological functions, and there is increasing evidence that reduced prevalence and severity of allergic reactions are associated with the intake of flavonoids. Among natural flavonoids, apigenin is a potent anti-inflammatory agent. However, the mechanisms of apigenin's effect remain uncertain. Monocyte-derived chemokine (MDC) plays a pivotal role in recruiting T-helper (Th) 2 cells in the allergic inflammation process. In the late phase of allergic inflammation, the Th1 chemokine interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) has also been found in elevated levels in the bronchial alveolar fluid of asthmatic children. We used human THP-1 monocyte cells, pretreated with or without apigenin, prior to lipopolysaccharide stimulation. By means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we found that apigenin inhibited production of both MDC and IP-10 by THP-1 cells and that the suppressive effect of apigenin was not reversed by the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI182780. The p65 phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappaB remained unaffected, but the phosphorylation of p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways were all blocked. We found that inhibition of c-raf phosphorylation might be the target of apigenin's anti-inflammation property.

Most haemoglobin (Hb) variants are clinically silent. However, some Hb variants may interfere with the measurement of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), resulting in spurious values depending on the assays used. We herein report the case of a 53-year-old Taiwanese man with type 2 diabetes mellitus, who presented with an abnormal HbA1c peak on ion-exchange chromatography. Additional investigations, including intensified self-monitored blood glucose tests, an alternative HbA1c assay, and a glycaemic indicator based on a different method, revealed that the HbA1c values were falsely elevated. Subsequent DNA analysis confirmed that the patient was heterozygous for the insertion of an isoleucine residue at codons 117/118 of the α1-globin gene, Hb Phnom Penh. Clinical laboratorians should be aware of the interfering factors in their HbA1c analysis. Cautious inspection of the chromatogram may provide a valuable clue to the presence of an Hb variant.

Su C.-C.,Yuans General Hospital | Sun B.Y.-C.,Beths Clinic | Jiann B.-P.,National Yang Ming University
International Journal of Urology | Year: 2015

Objectives: To investigate the association between urinary incontinence and female sexual function in a non-clinical population. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 2159 female employees of two hospitals. Results: Of the 883 sexually active participants, pure stress urinary incontinence was reported in 18.3%, pure urge urinary incontinence in 6.8%, mixed urinary incontinence in 15.1% and no urinary incontinence in 59.8%. The prevalence of female sexual difficulty, defined by the Female Sexual Function Index total score ≤26.55, was 52.0%, 56.1%, 54.3% and 42.2%, respectively (P<0.05). After adjustment of age, menstrual status, length of marriage, having children and relationship with the partner, all types of urinary incontinence showed a significant association with female sexual difficulty with an odds ratio of 1.6-1.8. Taking into consideration the individual domains, pure urge urinary incontinence was a risk factor for decreased sexual lubrication and more sexual pain, and mixed urinary incontinence was a risk factor for less sexual satisfaction, whereas pure stress urinary incontinence was not related to a difficulty in individual domains. Conclusions: Stress urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence are associated with general impairment of female sexual function to a mild degree. Only urge urinary incontinence is related to sexual difficulty in specific domains including sexual lubrication and sexual pain. © 2014 The Japanese Urological Association.

Jiann B.-P.,National Yang Ming University | Su C.-C.,Yuans General Hospital | Tsai J.-Y.,Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital
Journal of Sexual Medicine | Year: 2013

Introduction. There are limited data concerning the relationship between the sexual functioning of each partner in a heterosexual couple. Aim. This cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between female sexual function and the male partners' erectile function. Methods. Two self-administered questionnaires were used, one distributed to 2,159 female employees of two hospitals in Southern Taiwan and the other to their male partners, if available, to assess sexual function in each partner of the couple. Outcome Measure. Female sexual function and male erectile function were assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and by the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), respectively. Results. Among the 1,580 female and 779 male respondents, 632 sexually active couples were eligible for the analysis with mean ages of 36.9 years (range 21-67) and 39.5 years (range 18-80) for the women and men, respectively. After adjustment for female age group, nearly all the FSFI and IIEF domain scores correlated significantly to a slight to moderate degree. On the basis of the FSFI and IIEF scores, 42.9% (255/594) of the women reported sexual difficulty, and 15.0% (96/632) of the men reported mild to moderate erectile dysfunction (ED). After adjustment for female age group, the female partners of men with ED had significantly lower total and domain scores of the FSFI than those of men without ED, with effect sizes of ηp 2=0.02-0.08. After further adjustment for other risk factors, ED of the male partner was still a significant risk factor for female sexual difficulty as well as for sexual difficulty in the aspects of arousal, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and sexual pain (odds ratio=2.5-3.3). Conclusions. Significant correlations between female sexual functioning and male erectile function were identified. © 2012 International Society for Sexual Medicine.

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