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Wu X.,Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine | Tang S.,University of Toyama | Jin Y.,Harbin Children Hospital Youyi road 57 Harbin China | Zhang Y.,Harbin Children Hospital Youyi road 57 Harbin China | And 4 more authors.
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2015

The metabolism of swertiamarin in vivo was studied by LC-MS following 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivatization. The ionization efficiency of the main metabolite erythrocentaurin was greatly enhanced by the new analytical method developed, and erythrocentaurin was successfully detected for the first time in rat plasma after oral administration of swertiamarin. Methyl 4-formylbenzoate was used as the internal standard to quantify erythrocentaurin in rat plasma in negative mode by UPLC-TOF-MS, and it was found that erythrocentaurin reached the maximum mean plasma concentration of 425.8±127.6ng/mL at about 2h after oral administration of swertiamarin at a dose of 200mg/kg. A metabolic pathway of swertiamarin to erythrocentaurin was proposed. Swertiamarin is first hydrolyzed by bacterial β-glucusidase to give the aglycone, which is readily converted to erythrocentaurin. The monoterpene compound swertiamarin was found to be metabolized to dihydroisocoumarin and alkaloid compounds in vivo, which may be responsible for the pharmacological effect of swertiamarin. The results may shed light on the clinical efficacy of swertiamarin and the new analytical method may assist in studies for the metabolism of other natural iridoids and secoiridoids in vivo. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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