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Guilford F.T.,Your Energy Systems LLC | Hope J.,Environmental Medicine LLC
Toxins | Year: 2014

Evidence for the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of mycotoxin-related illness is increasing. The glutathione antioxidant and detoxification systems play a major role in the antioxidant function of cells. Exposure to mycotoxins in humans requires the production of glutathione on an "as needed" basis. Research suggests that mycotoxins can decrease the formation of glutathione due to decreased gene expression of the enzymes needed to form glutathione. Mycotoxin-related compromise of glutathione production can result in an excess of oxidative stress that leads to tissue damage and systemic illness. The review discusses the mechanisms by which mycotoxin-related deficiency of glutathione may lead to both acute and chronic illnesses. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Zeevalk G.D.,Staged Research Building | Bernard L.P.,Staged Research Building | Guilford F.T.,Your Energy Systems LLC
Neurochemical Research | Year: 2010

A liposomal preparation of glutathione (GSH) was investigated for its ability to replenish intracellular GSH and provide neuroprotection in an in vitro model of Parkinson's disease using paraquat plus maneb (PQMB) in rat mesencephalic cultures. In mixed neuronal/glial cultures depleted of intracellular GSH, repletion to control levels occurred over 4 h with liposomal-GSH or non-liposomal-GSH however, liposomal-GSH was 100-fold more potent; EC 50s 4.75 μM and 533 μM for liposomal and non-liposomal-GSH, respectively. Liposomal-GSH utilization was also observed in neuronal cultures, but with a higher EC 50 (76.5 μM), suggesting that glia facilitate utilization. Blocking γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase with buthionine sulfoxamine prevented replenishment with liposomal-GSH demonstrating the requirement for catabolism and resynthesis. Repletion was significantly attenuated with endosomal inhibition implicating the endosomal system in utilization. Liposomal-GSH provided dose-dependent protection against PQMB with an EC 50 similar to that found for repletion. PQMB depleted intracellular GSH by 50%. Liposomal-GSH spared endogenous GSH during PQMB exposure, but did not require GSH biosynthesis for protection. No toxicity was observed with the liposomal preparation at 200-fold the EC 50 for repletion. These findings indicate that glutathione supplied in a liposomal formulation holds promise as a potential therapeutic for neuronal maintenance. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


The invention proposes the sure of reduced glutathione in a liposome (liposomal reduced glutathione) for the oral administration of a therapeutically effective amount to ameliorate the progression of vascular disease, including atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, narrowing of arteries leading to decreased blood flow, ischemic events, and the formation of blood clots, abnormal platelet aggregation, and thrombotic events, by reducing the amount and effect of oxidized cholesterol, oxidized HDL and oxidized LDL. The invention also proposes combining liposomal encapsulated glutathione with statin drugs to improve the effect of lowering not only cholesterol but also the oxidized cholesterol as well as oxidized HDL and oxidized LDL. The invention also proposes combining liposomal encapsulated glutathione with CoQ10 as a therapy for vascular disease and management of side effects of statin therapy.


The invention enables management of mammalian disease related to decreased energy production in the mitochondria by a combination of liposomal reduced glutathione and 1-arginine. For individuals whose inability to lose weight is related to inefficiency of the biochemical pathways facilitating mitochondrial function and energy production, the invention proposes to assist in weight loss by improving the inefficient production of energy by the respiratory transport chain of mitochondria. The invention is useful for the management of the metabolic syndrome, a group of metabolic factors associated with an increased risk of vascular disease problems. The invention is also useful for the resolution of fatigue that accompanies both weight gain and illnesses. The ability of the invention to increase the production of the biochemical agmatine in the central nervous system as well as generally in the body is part of the benefit of the combination of liposomal reduced glutathione and 1-arginine.


Patent
Emory University, Children's Healthcare Of Atlanta and Your Energy Systems Llc | Date: 2014-08-14

The invention proposes routine treatment of patients, particularly those admitted to an ICU, with Vitamin D and liposomal glutathione for prophylaxis and treatment against Group B Streptococcus and Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, and biomarkers to measure effectiveness of treatment. Further, because the method of treatment bolsters body defenses as well as appearing to have direct killing action, the propensity to create more and more antibiotic- and/or carbapenem resistant strains is downgraded.


Patent
Emory University, Your Energy Systems Llc and Children's Healthcare Of Atlanta | Date: 2014-02-14

The composition of the invention, liposomal glutathione, has been recently shown to have utility for having an antibiotic like effect on Klebsiella pneumonia cultures in vitro, and in vivo as demonstrated by efficacy in reducing by large multiples the presence of cultures of Klebsiella in rats in animal tests. Further, because the liposomal glutathione bolsters body defenses as well as appearing to have direct killing action, the propensity to create more and more resistant strains to antibiotic treatment is downgraded.


Patent
Emory University, Your Energy Systems Llc and Children's Healthcare Of Atlanta | Date: 2016-08-19

The composition of the invention, liposomal glutathione, has been recently shown to have utility for having an antibiotic like effect on Klebsiella pneumonia cultures in vitro, and in vivo as demonstrated by efficacy in reducing by large multiples the presence of cultures of Klebsiella in rats in animal tests. Further, because the liposomal glutathione bolsters body defenses as well as appearing to have direct killing action, the propensity to create more and more resistant strains to antibiotic treatment is downgraded.


The invention proposes the combination of reduced glutathione in a liposome (liposomal reduced glutathione) with a specified concentration of reduced glutathione within the liposome for the oral administration of a therapeutically effective amount to ameliorate the progression of vascular disease, including atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, narrowing of arteries leading to decreased blood flow, ischemic events, and the formation of blood clots, abnormal platelet aggregation, and thrombotic events, by reducing the amount and effect of oxidized cholesterol, oxidized HDL and oxidized LDL. The invention also proposes combining liposomal encapsulated glutathione with ACE inhibitors in order to improve the effect of lowering not only cholesterol but also the oxidized cholesterol as well as oxidized HDL and oxidized LDL. The invention also proposes combining liposomal encapsulated glutathione with lisinopril in particular.


The invention is a composition administrable orally to provide systemic glutathione (reduced) and a method for providing systemic glutathione by oral administration of glutathione (reduced) in a liposome encapsulation in a gel cap. The administration of a therapeutically effective amount of oral liposomal glutathione (reduced) results in improvement of symptoms in disease states related to glutathione deficiency such as Parkinsons disease and cystic fibrosis. Compounds enhancing the effect of the liposomal glutathione are contemplated such as Selenium, EDTA, carbidopa, and levodopa.


The composition of the invention, liposomal glutathione, has been recently shown to have utility for having an antibiotic like effect on Klebsiella pneumonia cultures in vitro, and in vivo as demonstrated by efficacy in reducing by large multiples the presence of cultures of Klebsiella in rats in animal tests. Further, because the liposomal glutathione bolsters body defenses as well as appearing to have direct killing action, the propensity to create more and more resistant strains to antibiotic treatment is downgraded.

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