Yorkshire, United Kingdom

York St John University

www.yorksj.ac.uk
Yorkshire, United Kingdom

York St John University is a university located on a large urban campus in York, England. It is one of several higher education institutions which have religious foundations; others include Canterbury Christ Church University, Liverpool Hope University, St. Mary's University College, University of Chester, University of Chichester, University of Cumbria, University of Derby, University of Gloucestershire, University of Winchester, and Bishop Grosseteste University.As of July 2011, there were 6,057 students, reading a wide variety of subjects, in four faculties: Arts; Education and Theology; York St John Business School and Health and Life science. Wikipedia.

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Perfectionism has been identified as an antecedent of athlete burnout. However, to date, researchers examining the relationship between perfectionism and athlete burnout have measured perfectionism at a trait level. The work of Flett and colleagues (Flett, Hewitt, Blankstein, & Gray, 1998) suggests that perfectionism can also be assessed in terms of individual differences in the frequency with which they experience perfectionistic cognitions. The aims of this study were to: (1) examine the relationship between the frequency of perfectionistic cognitions and symptoms of athlete burnout; and (2) determine whether the frequency of perfectionistic cognitions account for additional unique variance in symptoms of athlete burnout above the variance accounted for by self-oriented and socially prescribed dimensions of perfectionism. Two-hundred and two male rugby players (mean age 18.8 years, s = 2.9, range 16-24) were recruited from youth teams of professional and semi-professional rugby union clubs in the UK. Participants completed measures of trait perfectionism, frequency of perfectionistic cognitions, and symptoms of athlete burnout. The frequency of perfectionistic cognitions was positively related to all symptoms of athlete burnout and explained 3-4% unique variance in symptoms of athlete burnout after controlling for self-oriented and socially prescribed dimensions of perfectionism. Findings suggest that the frequency with which perfectionistic cognitions are experienced may also be an antecedent of athlete burnout. Perfectionistic cognitions should, therefore, be considered in both future models of the relationship between perfectionism and athlete burnout, as well as interventions aimed at reducing perfectionism fuelled burnout. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-3.3-1 | Award Amount: 3.79M | Year: 2009

The background of this project is related to the role of sport in two recent White Papers from the Commission on an integrated EU approach to reducing ill health and enhancing public health, the White Paper on A Strategy for Europe on Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity related health issues and the White Paper on Sport. The project centres on the development and validation of a new method in health promotion, namely a community-based coach education program aimed at promoting the psychosocial development and adoption of healthy lifestyles among young people in Europe. The proposed project will foster collaboration between major research groups representing 5 countries (8 universities) in the European Community and promote the integration of their ongoing research efforts centred on health promotion in youth from two perspectives, namely (a) motivational processes and optimal functioning in the physical domain among young people, and (b) cross-national differences in and environmental impacts on childrens health behaviour. In terms of study design, the PAPA project will examine differences between the provision of youth sport and its health related impacts as currently exists in the targeted countries and a youth sport intervention designed to enhance personal competence, relatedness and self determination of the young players aged 10-14 and their adoption of a healthy lifestyle. In examining the effectiveness of the intervention programme, the pre- and post-season (plus beginning of the subsequent season follow-up) responses of coaches and players in the intervention arm (representing 50 football teams) will be contrasted to a control group of 30 coaches and their players.


Rivers I.,Brunel University | Noret N.,York St John University
Journal of Adolescent Health | Year: 2013

Purpose: To explore those contextual factors that predict potential suicide ideation among students who observe bullying at school. Methods: 1,592 students of whom 1,009 who reported having observed bullying at school were surveyed from 14 secondary schools in the North of England. Role-related (not-involved, victim, perpetrator, 'bully-victim' and observer) and gender-wise comparisons of key variables were undertaken prior to hierarchical multiple regressions to determine those associated with potential suicide ideation. Results: Analyses indicated that students who observed bullying behavior were significantly more likely than those not involved in bullying to report symptoms of interpersonal sensitivity, to indicate greater helplessness and potential suicide ideation. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that, among boys, helplessness (β =.48, p <.001) followed by frequency of bullying perpetration (β =.11, p <.001), and a less supportive home climate (β = -.10, p <.004) were associated with potential suicide ideation. Helplessness was found to be the only variable associated with potential suicide ideation among girls (β =.49, p <.001). Conclusions: Perceived helplessness is significantly associated with potential suicide ideation among students who observe bullying at school. © 2013 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.


Village A.,York St John University
Mental Health, Religion and Culture | Year: 2012

The SIFT method of preaching argues that preachers should attend to the different learning styles implied by psychological type theory when preparing and delivering sermons. The evidence to date that supports the theory behind the method has mainly been based on offering readers of known psychological type a range of interpretations specifically created to appeal to particular type preferences. This paper extends these studies by looking at how a more general interpretative strategy (literalism) is related to psychological type preferences. A sample of 1039 recently ordained Anglican clergy in the UK completed the Francis Psychological Type Scales and a 10-item Biblical Literalism Scale. There was a positive association between a preference for sensing and biblical literalism, after controlling for general biblical conservatism and church tradition. The implications for preachers are discussed. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Spring H.,York St John University
Health Information and Libraries Journal | Year: 2014

This feature looks at the challenges for information literacy in rare and orphan diseases. In particular, it focuses on the information difficulties faced by those living with a rare condition or awaiting a diagnosis, and also those of the health professionals in charge of their care. The feature also highlights some of the key issues that library and information professionals need to be aware of when providing information support in such circumstances. © 2014 Health Libraries Group.


Rovisco M.,York St John University
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space | Year: 2010

In this paper I explore the inadequacy of the representation of the border, which is under-pinned by Manichean distinctions of friend and foe, superior and inferior, inside and outside, to analyze the cultural encounter between Europeans and their others. I argue that a great deal of scholarship interest in this cultural encounter is trapped into a border imaginary that loses sight of those cultural phenomena, such as hybridity, transnational identities, and cosmopolitan affiliations, which challenge established political and cultural borders and foster 'from below' new imaginations of the European space. By analyzing a complex set of cultural productions-the creative combination of European modes of thought, texts, and styles in the visual and performative arts, with indigenous local artistic styles and mindset-I show that, as seen as early as the 16th-century, the rise of a global imagination is the result of complex relations of connectivity between Europe and other parts of the world. I propose a new border imaginary, which is underpinned by a cosmopolitan grammar of difference, to account better for the changing nature of the European space within the dynamics of globalization. © 2010 Pion Ltd and its Licensors.


Spring H.,York St John University
Health Information and Libraries Journal | Year: 2010

This feature considers models of teaching and learning and how these can be used to support evidence based practice. © 2010 The authors. Health Information and Libraries Journal © 2010 Health Libraries Group.


Background:Treatment of prostate cancer with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is associated with metabolic changes that have been linked to an increase in cardiovascular risk.Methods:This randomised controlled trial investigated the effects of a 12-week lifestyle intervention that included supervised exercise training and dietary advice on markers of cardiovascular risk in 50 men on long-term ADT recruited to an on-going study investigating the effects of such a lifestyle intervention on quality of life. Participants were randomly allocated to receive the intervention or usual care. Cardiovascular outcomes included endothelial function (flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery), blood pressure, body composition and serum lipids. Additional outcomes included treadmill walk time and exercise and dietary behaviours. Outcomes were assessed before randomisation (baseline), and 6, 12 and 24 weeks after randomisation.Results:At 12 weeks, the difference in mean relative FMD was 2.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1–4.3, P=0.04) with an effect size of 0.60 (95% CI <0.01–1.18) favouring the intervention group. Improvements in skeletal muscle mass, treadmill walk time and exercise behaviour also occurred in the intervention group over that duration (P<0.05). At 24 weeks, only the difference in treadmill walk time was maintained.Conclusions:This study demonstrates that lifestyle changes can improve endothelial function in men on long-term ADT for prostate cancer. The implications for cardiovascular health need further investigation in larger studies over longer duration.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 14 January 2016; doi:10.1038/bjc.2015.479 www.bjcancer.com. © 2016 Cancer Research UK


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Fellowship | Award Amount: 51.60K | Year: 2012

The aim of the volumes is to present the life accounts of women told in the texts of early Buddhism. The first volume will be about seven women - Dhammadinnaa, Pa.taacaaraa, Uppalava.n.naa, Visaakhaa, Bhaddaa Ku.n.dalakesaa, Khemaa and Kisaagotamii. The chapters dedicated to each woman will begin with a discussion of the textual sources which may, for example, recount the life story of the woman, include verses attributed to her or include her in lists of distinguished bhikkhuniis (nuns) or laywomen. Some of the primary sources I will make use of will be Paali canonical literature such as the Therii-Apadaanas, the bhikkhuniisa.myutta section of the Sa.myutta Nikaaya, the lists of distinguished women in the A.nguttara Nikaaya and the Theriigaathaa. I will also make use of the sections for bhikkhuniis in the Paali Vinaya, the fragments of the bhik.su.nii section of the Muulasarvaastivaada Vinaya and the bhik.su.nii Vinaya of the Mahaasa.mghikaa-Lokottaravaadins. I will draw on commentarial literature such as the Paramatthadiipanii VI: Theriigaathaa-a.t.thakathaa, the sections in the Manorathapuura.nii which contains stories of women, and other commentarial literature such as the commentary and sub-commentary of the Sa.myutta Nikaaya, the Vimaanavatthu and Petavatthu commentaries and the Dhammapada.t.thakathaa. I will also utilize non-canonical works such as the Avadaanasataka and Divyaavadaana. Further to the textual sources, I will have recourse to archaeological and epigraphic evidence from ancient India, in which can be found, for example, attestation of women who were involved in the transmission of the teachings; roles similar to one ascribed, in the texts, to Pa.taacaaraa. Following the section in each chapter on sources, I will tell a version of the life story of each woman as much as can be constructed from the sources. As an example of the story arc of one of the women, the most common version of the story of Bhaddaa Ku.n.dalakesaa is as follows: Following several births she was finally born during the time of Gotama Buddha. One day, she saw one of the city thieves being led away to be executed. She immediately became infatuated with him and declared that she must have him. Her parents arranged for the thief to be freed to enable this union. After a few days with Bhaddaa, the thief began to plot to steal from her. She became aware of his plan to rob her and instead outwitted him and threw him off a cliff, in some accounts to save herself from being murdered. Following this act, she knew she could not return home, so went forth as a Jain. She learned their doctrines and more, wandering from place to place, engaging with wise men and learning what they had to teach. She became so knowledgeable and skilled in debate that no-one could match her. Finally, she met her match in Saariputta, one of the Buddhas chief disciples, and was converted. She took ordination as a follower of the Buddha and attained the status of an accomplished practitioner. Following the outline of the story in each chapter, I will discuss the variations to the story. For example, in the case of Bhaddaa Ku.n.dalakesaas story, a very different account of her conversion from Jainism to Buddhism is told in her Therii-Apadaana. Following the discussion of variations to the story, I will explore central issues raised by each story. In the case of Bhaddaa Ku.n.dalakesaa these might be: women choosing their own marriage partners, murder (in self defence), female intelligence and conversion. \n


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 47.10K | Year: 2015

Since the Con-Dem coalition government arrived in power in the UK in 2010, the UK has faced swingeing cuts in the provision of funding for public services. As has been widely reported, people suffering from disabilities and other social disadvantages have been the disproportionate victims of these cuts (Goodley, Lawthom and Brunswick-Cole, 2014; Garthwaite, 2011). The Deaf community are no exception, having the double burden of not only being considered a disability group, but also being in the position of a minority language group, with all the exclusions and repressions that brings (Ladd, 2003). In Bristol, the situation for the Deaf community is, arguably, particularly bad. The Bristol Centre for Deaf People has recently closed due to cuts in funding, resulting in the Deaf community having to put the Centre building for sale, bringing to an end a 130 year history and heritage (Swinbourne, 2011). Furthermore, the University of Bristol (UoB) recently moved to close the Centre for Deaf Studies (CDS). The University of Bristol has, for over 30 years, been the host institution for the CDS, the first research centre in Europe founded expressly for the study of the Deaf community, British Sign Language (BSL) and Deaf culture. It was the birth-place of Dr Paddy Ladds Deafhood theory, a theory which has gone on to empower and invigorate Deaf communities around the globe. In 2013, however, the UoB completed the process of closing the CDS down, leaving many of the Deaf professionals previously employed as researchers and lecturers, most of whom lived in Bristol and had longstanding involvement with the local Deaf community, without work. These closures, along with the pressures on individual Deaf people due to cuts in funding for benefits such as Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and Access to Work (AtW) (Cross, 2013), have resulted in the Deaf community feeling increasingly under pressure and homeless. Without the Deaf spaces that they know and rely on in the city, there is an escalating feeling that the future of the Deaf community might be under threat. One of the foundations of the Deaf community in the UK, the Deaf Club, seems to be also fading from influence in the Deaf community (OBrien, 2012). Closures, while opposed and mourned when they do occur, seem increasingly to be accepted, with social events moving to mainstream venues such as pubs and nightclubs, or one-off events like Sign Circle, an annual weekend-long festival. Many young Deaf people report feeling that they are part of the Deaf community, but not involved or members of Deaf clubs. However, there is still a strong feeling of loss in the community. Loss of the community spaces that these places offered, loss of the history and heritage embodied in these locations and loss of community togetherness. This is particularly felt by older members of the community and those with young families, who cannot attend the pub-based events, or who are prevented from travelling to other community events due to financial reasons or ill-health. This proposal will explore the effects of lost community spaces on the Deaf community. Not only in terms of the negative sense of loss and the memory of places, but also exploring the alternatives, the replacements that Deaf people have found to these traditional cornerstones of Deaf culture and community. These effects will be explored by hosting a series of events with the Deaf community which will focus around different creative arts methods, such as BSL poetry, filming and arts and crafts, to explore the impact of the loss of these spaces and the opening up of new spaces. We will also make use of archive material donated by community partners and participants and found by the research team in Bristol Record Office to explore the history of Deaf spaces in Bristol, and the memories and identities that are tied to these spaces.

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