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New York City, NY, United States

York College of The City University of New York is one of eleven senior colleges in the City University of New York system. It is located in Jamaica, Queens in New York City. Founded in 1966, York was the first senior college founded under the newly formed CUNY system, which united several previously independent public colleges into a single public university system in 1961. The college is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund.Today, with an enrollment of more than 8,000 students, York serves as one of CUNY's leading liberal arts colleges, granting bachelor's degrees in more than 40 fields, including those in the Heath Professions, Nursing and a combined BS/MS degree in Occupational Therapy, among others. The York College Library subscribes to dozens of electronic resources, as well as print journals, to support the research needs of the faculty and students.Based on a study conducted by The Institute for College Access & Success , NerdScholar, a scholarship information organization and website, recently listed York College as the “US College with the lowest student debt in 2013.” The national survey chose York as number one on its top 20 list of colleges and universities both private and public.Marcia V. Keizs, a native of Kingston, Jamaica, became York College's 6th president in February 2005. Wikipedia.

Cottrell S.,Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences | Hillery M.,York College - The City University of New York
Physical Review Letters

We develop a general theory for a quantum-walk search on a star graph. A star graph has N edges each of which is attached to a central vertex. A graph G is attached to one of these edges, and we would like to find out to which edge it is attached. This is done by means of a quantum walk, a quantum version of a random walk. This walk contains O(N) steps, which represents a speedup over a classical search, which would require O(N) steps. The overall graph, star plus G, is divided into two parts, and we find that for a quantum speedup to occur, the eigenvalues associated with these two parts in the N→∞ limit must be the same. Our theory tells us how the initial state of the walk should be chosen, and how many steps the walk must make in order to find G. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

Foster D.A.,York College - The City University of New York
Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been implicated as a sensor of nutrient sufficiency for dividing cells and is activated by essential amino acids and glucose. However, cells also require lipids for membrane biosynthesis. A central metabolite in the synthesis of membrane phospholipids is phosphatidic acid (PA), which is required for the stability and activity of mTOR complexes. Although PA is commonly generated by the phospholipase D-catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine, PA is also generated by diacylglycerol kinases and lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases, which are at the center of phospholipid biosynthesis. It is proposed that the responsiveness of mTOR/TOR to PA evolved as a means for sensing lipid precursors for membrane biosynthesis prior to doubling the mass of a cell and dividing. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Freudenberg N.,York College - The City University of New York
Journal of Public Health Policy

Recently, researchers have debated two views on the connection between lifestyle and health. In the first, health-related lifestyles including tobacco and alcohol use, diet, and physical activity are seen as primary influences on health. In the second, social stratification is the dominant influence with lifestyles simply markers of social status. Neither approach leads to interventions that can reverse the world's most serious health problems. This article proposes that corporate practices are a dominant influence on the lifestyles that shape patterns of health and disease. Modifying business practices that promote unhealthy lifestyles is a promising strategy for improving population health. Corporations shape lifestyles by producing and promoting healthy or unhealthy products, creating psychological desires and fears, providing health information, influencing social and physical environments, and advancing policies that favor their business goals. Public officials and health professionals can promote health by advocating policies to modify these corporate practices. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Ltd. Source

Marks R.,York College - The City University of New York
Current Aging Science

Individuals with knee osteoarthritis, a painful debilitating joint disease affecting many aging adults, are commonly encouraged to pursue a variety of exercise regimens. However, very few studies have specifically focused on barriers and facilitators of exercise adherence as related to knee osteoarthritis. This review focuses on what is known about exercise adherence, as well as those factors that influence exercise adherence, both generally, and in the context of knee osteoarthritis. To this end, a wide array of related studies were retrieved and reviewed. The objective was to better understand the relationship between this disabling health condition and exercise, and factors that might specifically determine long-term exercise participation among this population. Results of this search revealed: 1) strong support for the application of exercise to allay the progression and/or severity of knee osteoarthritis and its consequences, but poor adherence rates in reality; 2) a vast array of disease-associated, as well as other exercise adherence barriers; 3) many recommendations for promoting exercise adherence including improving the nature of the patient-provider relationship, and the importance of individualized exercise prescriptions. It is concluded that life-long exercise is crucial for maximizing the well-being and function of adults with knee osteoarthritis, but recommendations to exercise are often pursued inconsistently. To encourage exercise adherence among this cohort, a comprehensive individualized assessment, active patient involvement in the decision-making process, and long-term monitoring are indicated. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Raubenheimer D.,Massey University | Rothman J.M.,York College - The City University of New York
Annual Review of Entomology

Entomophagy is widespread among nonhuman primates and is common among many human communities. However, the extent and patterns of entomophagy vary substantially both in humans and nonhuman primates. Here we synthesize the literature to examine why humans and other primates eat insects and what accounts for the variation in the extent to which they do so. Variation in the availability of insects is clearly important, but less understood is the role of nutrients in entomophagy. We apply a multidimensional analytical approach, the right-angled mixture triangle, to published data on the macronutrient compositions of insects to address this. Results showed that insects eaten by humans spanned a wide range of protein-to-fat ratios but were generally nutrient dense, whereas insects with high protein-to-fat ratios were eaten by nonhuman primates. Although suggestive, our survey exposes a need for additional, standardized, data. © 2013 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Source

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