York College of Pennsylvania is a private, coeducational, 4-year college located in southcentral Pennsylvania that offers more than 50 baccalaureate majors in professional programs, the science, and humanities to its 4,600 full-time undergraduate students. York also offers master's programs in business, education, and nursing, along with a doctoral program in nursing practice. Wikipedia.
News Article | January 29, 2016
Talking about political issues can get heated, and the Republican and Democratic debates are good examples of how differences of opinion can quickly lead to bickering, accusations, and put-downs—exactly the kind of communication you don’t want in your workplace. With primaries and caucuses drawing near, how do you make sure conversations about the candidates don’t turn into office throwdowns? While politics is one of those topics that’s been declared off-limits when it comes to having polite conversations, there are effective ways to discuss it, says William W. Senft, author of Being Relational: The Seven Ways to Quality Interaction & Lasting Change. "It’s like exercise; the more you practice, the stronger you get," he told the Chicago Tribune. "Having these kinds of conversations with people who work together will make their ability to deal with issues at work much easier. They'll have practice in how to constructively engage." To be effective, Senft says a potentially controversial conversation needs three elements: "That doesn't mean you give up on persuading other people. It means you're being open and generally willing to consider other people's arguments," Senft said. Having political discussions in the workplace can have some advantages. "[Employees] often represent our clients and consumers in general," says Bill Corbett, Jr., president of Corbett Public Relations, a New York-based firm that offers crisis management. "These discussions let us see what they are interested in, what media messages are getting through, and what people care about." Political discussions also give leaders a chance to see how employees communicate, defend arguments, and use (or fail to use) logic. "You can tell a lot about how to work with the person, what drives them, and what their vision of the future is," he says. If your company has a culture that is open and accepting, sharing your opinion should be encouraged, says Katina Sawyer, assistant professor of psychology at Villanova University. "It can be helpful when your coworkers see you being genuine; employees will also feel better psychologically because they’re being true to themselves," she says. Even when handled well, there are plenty of reasons why companies should try to avoid political discussions, says Eric Abrahamson, professor of business at Columbia Business School. "The political discourse in the U.S. right now is so divisive that I don’t see anything good coming out of these discussions," he says. "It’s a matter of opinions, rather than fact, and the political rhetoric seems to be an outlet for emotions rather than substantive discussion, which is not particularly useful in organizations." Learning about someone’s opposing political views can affect how you judge a coworker’s other traits. Learning about someone’s opposing political views can also affect how you judge a coworker’s other traits, says Matthew Randall, executive director of the Center for Professional Excellence at York College of Pennsylvania. "Negative generalizations typically originating from stereotypes can surface and influence your attitude toward other attributes as well," he says. And if your company culture is competitive or more narrow-minded, Sawyer says sharing your beliefs might be viewed as being out of line. Unfortunately this can have psychological drawbacks for employees who will feel that they aren't able to be authentic, she adds. If you do get caught in such a conversation with coworkers, Randall suggests using an exit strategy, such as: "I usually make it a rule not to discuss politics at work. I do need to tackle to some upcoming deadlines, so please excuse me. I'll catch up with everyone later." CEOs and managers should recognize that political discussions will take place and implement a policy that they be limited and respectful, suggests Corbett, Jr. They should try to keep out of the discussions whenever possible, and simply listen and move on to the next topic. "Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, and other candidates are causing emotional reactions," he says. "Many people who are angry, concerned, and intrigued are paying attention this year. They want to voice their opinions, and they do look to their leaders. The goal of a leader is to empower people to achieve goals. Anything that can hurt this effort should be avoided."
News Article | December 19, 2016
HANOVER, Pa., Dec. 19, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Marilou V. Erb, M.S., J.D., is recognized by Continental Who's Who as a Pinnacle Professional in the field of Higher Education. Marilou is a Professor at York College of Pennsylvania and a Consultant in Forensic/ Investigative Psychologist with...
Rossman A.C.,York College of Pennsylvania
AANA Journal | Year: 2011
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) can be found widely throughout the body. Although the activation of this receptor leads to multiple functions dependent on its location within the body and subunit composition, all nAChRs aid in the communication between the extracellular and intracellular compartments. The nAChR is composed of 3 domains: the extracellular, transmembrane, and intracellular. The receptor functions in response to ligands that act as an agonist or antagonist that binds to the extracellular domain causing activation or inactivation of the receptor. The activation of the nAChR causes a twisting motion of the receptor, which opens a gate allowing for the passage of sodium, potassium, and calcium cations through the cell membrane. The muscle-type nAChR and neuronal-type nAChR have important roles during the administration of anesthesia. The muscle-type nAChR, located in the neuromuscular junction, is the target of neuromuscular blockers and local anesthetics to prevent muscle contraction. General anesthetics affect the neuronal-type nAChR by inhibiting functions of the central nervous system, including memory formation. The importance of the nAChR cannot be underestimated, for it is through the manipulation of this receptor that many anesthetic goals are achieved.
Fautch J.M.,York College of Pennsylvania
Chemistry Education Research and Practice | Year: 2015
The flipped classroom is a pedagogical approach that moves course content from the classroom to homework, and uses class time for engaging activities and instructor-guided problem solving. The course content in a sophomore level Organic Chemistry I course was assigned as homework using video lectures, followed by a short online quiz. In class, students' misconceptions were addressed, the concepts from the video lectures were applied to problems, and students were challenged to think beyond given examples. Students showed increased comprehension of the material and appeared to improve their performance on summative assessments (exams). Students reported feeling more comfortable with the subject of organic chemistry, and became noticeably passionate about the subject. In addition to being an effective tool for teaching Organic Chemistry I at a small college, flipping the organic chemistry classroom may help students take more ownership of their learning. © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Meah K.,York College of Pennsylvania |
Ula A.H.M.S.,University of Wyoming
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems | Year: 2010
This paper proposes a new control scheme for multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) systems to improve the performance during the system transients such as AC line faults. The new method is called parallel multi-proportional-integral (MPI) control scheme. This new control scheme provides wide range of controller parameters and has the ability to response quickly. To evaluate the performance of the proposed control scheme, a four-terminal HVDC system is considered with the detailed modeling of converters, commutation transformers, source impedances, line parameters, and filters. Simulation results from various transient conditions are compared between the proposed controller, the fuzzy logic-based auto-tuning PI controller, and the conventional fixed-parameter PI controller. The SimPowerSystems and the fuzzy logic toolboxes in the MATLAB/SIMULINK software package are used to conduct the simulations. Simulation results show that the MPI controller has better performance than the conventional fixed-parameter PI controller and has very similar responses compared to the fuzzy logic-based auto-tuning PI controller without any added complexity in controller design procedure for a MTDC system. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ericson T.M.,York College of Pennsylvania |
Parker R.G.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Mechanism and Machine Theory | Year: 2014
Experiments designed to capture the independent motion of spur planetary gear components show the influence of mean operating torque on system parameters and dynamic response. All natural frequencies increase with higher torque, but the natural frequencies of modes with significant planet bearing deflection are particularly sensitive to torque. Current lumped-parameter models do not consider the anisotropic nature of planet bearing stiffnesses, but this research shows that the accuracy of these models is increased when the radial and tangential planet bearing stiffness components are calculated separately. These bearing stiffnesses depend on the mean bearing forces in the two directions. A finite element/contact mechanics model provides accurate calculation of the anisotropic, load-dependent planet bearing stiffnesses and the load-dependent mesh stiffnesses. An analytical model using these values accurately predicts changes in the experimentally measured natural frequencies of modes with high strain energy in the planet bearings for varying mean torque. Experiments also show changes in the mode shapes and damping ratios with changing torque. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Wool C.,York College of Pennsylvania
Journal of Palliative Medicine | Year: 2015
Background: Despite a life-limiting fetal diagnosis, prenatal attachment often occurs in varying degrees resulting in role identification by an individual as a parent. Parents recognize quality care and report their satisfaction when interfacing with health care providers. Objective: The aim was to test an instrument measuring parental satisfaction and quality indicators with parents electing to continue a pregnancy after learning of a life-limiting fetal diagnosis. Methods: A cross sectional survey design gathered data using a computer-mediated platform. Subjects were parents (n=405) who opted to continue a pregnancy affected by a life-limiting diagnosis. Factor analysis using principal component analysis with Varimax rotation was used to validate the instrument, evaluate components, and summarize the explained variance achieved among quality indicator items. The Prenatal Scale was reduced to 37 items with a three-component solution explaining 66.19% of the variance and internal consistency reliability of 0.98. The Intrapartum Scale included 37 items with a four-component solution explaining 66.93% of the variance and a Cronbach α of 0.977. The Postnatal Scale was reduced to 44 items with a six-component solution explaining 67.48% of the variance. Internal consistency reliability was 0.975. Results: The Parental Satisfaction and Quality Indicators of Perinatal Palliative Care Instrument is a valid and reliable measure for parent-reported quality care and satisfaction. Conclusion: Use of this instrument will enable clinicians and researchers to measure quality indicators and parental satisfaction. The instrument is useful for assessing, analyzing, and reporting data on quality for care delivered during the prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal periods. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2015.
Luley B.P.,York College of Pennsylvania
American Journal of Archaeology | Year: 2014
This article investigates the changes in foodways and cooking practices-especially in regard to the ceramiccooking assemblages-among the Celtic-speaking peoples of ancient Mediterranean France following the Roman conquest at the end of the second century B.C.E. I specifically examine the region of modern Languedoc-Roussillonusing the ceramic data from the indigenous oppida of Lattara (modern Lattes), Castels à Nages, and Ambrussum, covering a period from the beginning of the third century B.C.E. through the first century C.E. I suggest that prior to the Roman conquest, during Iron Age II, there were few differences in cooking practices among the different blocks of houses at these sites. Although food was used for practices of social and political differentiation, these differences were probably manifested and articulated generally through differences in the quantity, rather than the quality, of the food. After the Roman conquest, however, particularly at the urban centers in the region, a new "high" cuisine emerged, one characterized by differences in taste and the quality of food among different social groups. These transformations were in turn likely related to important sociopolitical changes occurring in the region as local society became increasingly integrated with larger Roman colonial society.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 200.00K | Year: 2012
This project explores balancing performance considerations and power consumption in cyber-physical systems, through algorithms that switch among different modes of operation (e.g., low-power/high-power, on/off, or mobile/static) in response to environmental conditions. The main theoretical contribution is a computational, hybrid optimal control framework that is connected to a number of relevant target applications where physical modeling, control design, and software architectures all constitute important components. The fundamental research in this program advances state-of-the-art along four different dimensions, namely (1) real-time, hybrid optimal control algorithms for power management, (2) power-management in mobile sensor networks, (3) distributed power-aware architectures for infrastructure management, and (4) power-management in embedded multi-core processors.
The expected outcome, which is to enable low-power devices to be deployed in a more effective manner, has implications on a number of application domains, including distributed sensor and communication networks, and intelligent and efficient buildings. The team represents both a research university (Georgia Institute of Technology) and an undergraduate teaching university (York College of Pennsylvania) in order to ensure that the educational components are far-reaching and cut across traditional educational boundaries. The project involves novel, inductive-based learning modules, where graduate students team with undergraduate researchers.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 219.92K | Year: 2013
The human vision system understands and interprets complex scenes for a wide range of visual tasks in real-time while consuming less than 20 Watts of power. This Expeditions-in-Computing project explores holistic design of machine vision systems that have the potential to approach and eventually exceed the capabilities of human vision systems. This will enable the next generation of machine vision systems to not only record images but also understand visual content. Such smart machine vision systems will have a multi-faceted impact on society, including visual aids for visually impaired persons, driver assistance for reducing automotive accidents, and augmented reality for enhanced shopping, travel, and safety. The transformative nature of the research will inspire and train a new generation of students in inter-disciplinary work that spans neuroscience, computing and engineering discipline.
While several machine vision systems today can each successfully perform one or a few human tasks ? such as detecting human faces in point-and-shoot cameras ? they are still limited in their ability to perform a wide range of visual tasks, to operate in complex, cluttered environments, and to provide reasoning for their decisions. In contrast, the mammalian visual cortex excels in a broad variety of goal-oriented cognitive tasks, and is at least three orders of magnitude more energy efficient than customized state-of-the-art machine vision systems. The proposed research envisions a holistic design of a machine vision system that will approach the cognitive abilities of the human cortex, by developing a comprehensive solution consisting of vision algorithms, hardware design, human-machine interfaces, and information storage. The project aims to understand the fundamental mechanisms used in the visual cortex to enable the design of new vision algorithms and hardware fabrics that can improve power, speed, flexibility, and recognition accuracies relative to existing machine vision systems. Towards this goal, the project proposes an ambitious inter-disciplinary research agenda that will (i) understand goal-directed visual attention mechanisms in the brain to design task-driven vision algorithms; (ii) develop vision theory and algorithms that scale in performance with increasing complexity of a scene; (iii) integrate complementary approaches in biological and machine vision techniques; (iv) develop a new-genre of computing architectures inspired by advances in both the understanding of the visual cortex and the emergence of electronic devices; and (v) design human-computer interfaces that will effectively assist end-users while preserving privacy and maximizing utility. These advances will allow us to replace current-day cameras with cognitive visual systems that more intelligently analyze and understand complex scenes, and dynamically interact with users.
Machine vision systems that understand and interact with their environment in ways similar to humans will enable new transformative applications. The project will develop experimental platforms to: (1) assist visually impaired people; (2) enhance driver attention; and (3) augment reality to provide enhanced experience for retail shopping or a vacation visit, and enhanced safety for critical public infrastructure. This project will result in education and research artifacts that will be disseminated widely through a web portal and via online lecture delivery. The resulting artifacts and prototypes will enhance successful ongoing outreach programs to under-represented minorities and the general public, such as museum exhibits, science fairs, and a summer camp aimed at K-12 students. It will also spur similar new outreach efforts at other partner locations. The project will help identify and develop course material and projects directed at instilling interest in computing fields for students in four-year colleges. Partnerships with two Hispanic serving institutes, industry, national labs and international projects are also planned.