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Pohang, South Korea

Seo H.-J.,Chosun University | Lee D.Y.,Seoul National University | Sung M.R.,Yong In Songdam College
International Psychogeriatrics | Year: 2015

Background: The highest increase in the prevalence of dementia in the elderly population is expected in South Korea than in any other country in the world. However, there is no assessment of the community-based general populations' understanding of dementia in South Korea, in spite of the increasing burden of dementia. Thus, this study assessed the public knowledge about dementia. Methods: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study of 2,189 participants, aged 10 years or older, and living in Seoul, South Korea. A 12-item questionnaire with true/false responses was used to assess the knowledge about dementia from June to November 2011. The data obtained were analyzed using quantitative methods. Results: The mean score for the knowledge about dementia was 9.0 ± 2.1 points out of 12 points. More than half of the respondents (52.7%) reported that dementia is not treatable, and one-third of the participants did not know that Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. The level of dementia knowledge was negatively associated with increasing age, and positively associated with higher education level. Conclusions: Our results suggest that although laypersons had a fair knowledge about dementia, further educational programs and campaigns are needed to improve knowledge about dementia, more focusing on elderly adults as the target audience and emphasizing the causes and treatments of dementia as educational contents. © 2014 International Psychogeriatric Association.

Park M.,Chungnam National University | Sung M.,Yong In Songdam College | Kim S.K.,Chungnam National University | Kim S.,Korea University | Lee D.Y.,Seoul National University
International Psychogeriatrics | Year: 2015

Background: Caregiver burden is a complex and multidimensional construct. Although previous studies have explored numerous factors associated with caregiver burden, these factors have not been identified with a large population-based sample in a theory-based multidimensional way. This study explores multidimensional determinants associated with family caregiver burden to determine the main contributors of caregiver burden in Alzheimer's disease (AD) using a large community dataset. Methods: A retrospective secondary data analysis was conducted on 1,133 patients with AD and 1,133 primary caregivers who were registered in a metropolitan city dementia center in South Korea. The patient data included socio-demographic and disease profiles. The caregiver data consisted of socio-demographic and caregiving profiles. Results: The study results identified that dementia-related factors were the most significant factors, representing 25.6% of caregiver burden and were followed by caregiving-related factors explaining caregiver burden significantly. Behavioral problems and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) dependency of the patient, spousal relationship, hours of caregiving, and the number of diseases associated with the caregiver were found to be significant individual variables. Conclusions: It is vital to develop a service and support program with a greater emphasis on the behavioral problems and IADL deficiency of patients with AD as well as on improving the competence ability of caregivers to deal with such difficulties. Copyright © International Psychogeriatric Association 2015.

Park M.,Chungnam National University | Sung M.R.,Yong In Songdam College | Kim S.K.,Chungnam National University | Lee D.Y.,Seoul National University
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing | Year: 2014

Purpose: This study was done to compare demographic characteristics, comorbidity, and health habits of elders with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and elders with cognitively normal function (CNF).Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using data from the Database of the Seoul Dementia Management Project for 5,773 adults age 60 and above.Results: The MCI group showed an older age distribution, but there was no significant education difference between the two groups. Elders with MCI had more diabetes and stroke than elders with CNF. In subgroups, the same findings were observed in women, but not in men. While more men with MCI had hypertension compared to men with CNF, there was no significant difference in hypertension between the two groups for women. Elders with MCI, men in particular, had a lower prevalence of obesity than men with CNF. MCI individuals did less exercise compared to individuals with CNF. While there were no significant differences in alcohol consumption and smoking between MCI and CNF groups, the over 80’s subgroup with MCI reported more alcohol consumption.Conclusion: Findings from this study could be helpful in designing communitybased dementia prevention programs and health policies to reduce the prevalence of dementia or related cognitive impairments. © 2014 Korean Society of Nursing Science.

Kim K.B.,Silla University | Park H.J.,Pusan National University | Song D.H.,Yong In Songdam College | Han S.-S.,Inje University
Current Medical Imaging Reviews | Year: 2014

In this paper, we propose a method to extract sternocleidomastoid and longus capitis/colli automatically and measure the thickness of those muscles from cervical vertebrae ultrasound images. Extracting sternocleidomastoid is relatively easy but for longus capitis/colli case, due to the brightness sensitivity, it requires much more computationally burdensome procedures. In the binarization process, instead of simple and cheap thresholding method, we apply fuzzy sigma binarization to mitigate the sensitivity. Since that binarization procedure is computationally expensive we keep thresholding method for sternocleidomastoid case. With considerate image processing processes such as 4-directional contour analysis and Cubic Spline interpolation, we can successfully analyze features like muscle thickness. In experiment, the efficacy of the proposed method is verified as having 73 ~ 87% of real world cervical vertebrae images successfully analyzed meaning that only a small magnitude of errors in measuring thickness from medical expert's own measurement (less than 0.1 cm for sternocleidomastoid and less than 0.3 cm for longus capitis/colli). We hope such result encourages the use of automatic ultrasound analysis system for cervical vertebrae in rehabilitation practices. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.

Kim H.,Yong In Songdam College | Kim K.,Namseoul University
Advanced Science Letters | Year: 2015

This study attempts to investigate the need for a computer simulation-based program of nursing students for fundamental nursing skills. Subjects were nursing students from a College of Nursing in Gyeonggi-do. 110 nursing students completed a structured questionnaire. Through the questionnaire, the need for a computer simulationbased program for 20 core fundamental nursing skills were investigated. Data was analyzed by SPSS 18.0. The research found that female students wanted to learn more by computer simulation in subcutaneous injection, intradermal injection and intravenous injection. Both young and old students wanted to learn more in enema and tracheostomy care through computer simulation. There were no differences among other variables. Because the use of computer simulation-based learning has been increasing recently, the results of this study can be a useful guideline for developing simulation-based education programs for nursing students. © 2015, American Scientific Publishers. All rights reserved.

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