Effects of low-dose simvastatin on the distribution of plasma cholesterol and oxidized low-density lipoprotein in three ultracentrifugally separated low-density lipoprotein subfractions: 12-month, open-label trial
Homma Y.,Tokai University |
Michishita I.,Yokohama Sakae Municipal Hospital |
Hayashi H.,International University of Health and Welfare |
Shigematsu H.,Sato Internal Medical Clinic
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis | Year: 2010
Aim: The effects of statins on the distribution of oxidized LDL in plasma LDL subfractions have not been well defined. Effects of 12-month treatment with low-dose simvastatin on the distribution of cholesterol and oxidized LDL in 3 ultracentrifugally separated plasma LDL subfractions were compared in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Methods: Simvastain was administered to 30 hypercholesterolemic subjects for 12 months at an initial dose of 5 mg/day, which was increased to 20 mg/day via 10mg/day to decrease plasma LDL- cholesterol (C) lower than 130 mg/dL. Simvastatin dose was fixed after 3 months of treatment. The amounts of cholesterol and oxidized LDL in 3 ultracentrifugally separated plasma LDL subfractions were compared between 0 and 12 months of treatment. Results: The distribution of ox-LDL skewed to denser LDL fractions, compared with cholesterol in plasma LDL subfractions. Plasma cholesterol in low-density LDL, medium-density LDL and highdensity LDL decreased significantly by 31%, 30%, and 25%, respectively (p<0.0001) after 12 months of simvastatin treatment. Plasma oxidized LDL was decreased from 70 U/L to 56 U/L in medium-density LDL (p = 0.042). Oxidized LDL in low-density LDL and high-density LDL did not change significantly after 12 months of treatment. Conclusion: Treatment with low-dose simvastatin decreased plasma cholesterol in 3 LDL subfractions and oxidized LDL in medium-density LDL. The decrease of oxidized LDL seemed to be not due to the decrease of cholesterol in plasma LDL subfractions because the decreasing patterns of cholesterol and ox-LDL were different in 3 LDL subfractions.