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Shetty P.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital | Shetty D.,Ab Shetty Memorial Institute Of Dental Science | Priyadarshana P.S.,Ab Shetty Memorial Institute Of Dental Science | Bhat S.,Ab Shetty Memorial Institute Of Dental Science
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research | Year: 2015

Ellis Van Creveld syndrome (EVC) is a rare genetic disorder having autosomal recessive inheritance affecting the Amish population of Pennsylvania in USA with incidence of 1:244,000 for the general population. This syndrome consists of characteristic features such as bilateral postaxial polydactyly, chondroectodermal dysplasia, congenital heart defects and hypoplastic nails and teeth. There are few case reports of this syndrome reported in dental literature. We report a case of a 17 year old female presenting typical features of this syndrome and the oral findings of this patient which are the key diagnostic features. © 2015 Craniofacial Research Foundation.

Arora S.,University of Selangor | Mujhib A.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital | Diwakar G.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital | Amberker V.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital
Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences | Year: 2014

Ameloblastomas are tumours of odontogenic epithelial origin with varied microscopic patterns that occur either singly or in combination. Granular cell pattern is rarely seen in ameloblastoma, and is characterised by nests of large eosinophilic granular cells. This article describes a case of granular cell ameloblastoma in a 29. year old male patient with clinical, radiology and histological findings along with a short on review of literature. © 2014 Hosting by Elsevier B.V.

Rao S.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital | Patel R.,Ahmedabad Dental College and Hospital | Suvvati P.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital | Sadar L.R.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital | Yadav R.D.,New Horizon Dental College
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2013

There is disagreement about the association between missing teeth and the presence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Aim: To investigate whether, the span of edentulousness, gender, number of quadrants involved, pathological migration and the type of kennedy's classification are related to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction signs. Materials and methods: Clinical examination of 250 patients (males 99 and females 151) was done among the age group of 35 to 45 years. The patients were partially edentulous for 6 months or more and did not wear any kind of prosthesis. Results: Among 250 subjects, females showed more TMJ dysfunction signs. Clicking sounds were present in 46.5%, mandibular deviation was present in 40% of individuals, TMJ tenderness was observed in 32% and masseter was involved in 32% of individual. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction signs in relation to pathologic migration of teeth show that clicking and mandibular deviation was present in 54.5 and 49.2% and among muscles masseter muscle tenderness 41.9% was more commonly present. Masseter muscle tenderness 64.1% was seen in individuals who were edentulous for more than 5 years. Conclusion: Females subjects had a significantly higher prevalence of TMJ dysfunction signs then male subjects. As the span and time of edentulousness, the number of missing teeth and the number of quadrant involved increased, the signs of dysfunction became more prevalent. Among the TMJ dysfunction signs deviation and clicking sound were most frequently observed. The masseter muscle was most commonly affected and demonstrated muscle tenderness.

Malgaonkar N.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital | Dagrus K.,Gujarat University | Vanaki S.,P.A. College | Puranik R.,P.A. College | Sharanesha M.,Taif University
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2016

Aims and Objectives: The present study was taken up to evaluate the AgNOR counts in the buccal mucosa cells of gutkha chewers and compare that with the sex-matched controls. Materials and Methods: In all, 100 gutkha chewers and 50 sex-matched non-chewers (controls) were chosen. None of the patients in both groups had any clinical oral lesions or systemic diseases. After rinsing with 0.9% sodium chloride, cytologic smears were prepared and stained using the AgNOR method and observed in immersion oil at 1000 × magnification. Finally, 50 cells were selected at random; AgNOR dots were counted and their mean was recorded. The student t-test was used for analysis of data. Results: Comparison between mean AgNOR counts of gutkha chewers (2.68 ± 0.23) and non-chewers (2.01 ± 0.14) was found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: Cytology associated with AgNOR staining can effectively detect the early molecular changes within buccal mucosa cells of oral mucosa.

Sarode S.C.,Dr D Y Patil Dental College And Hospital | Sarode G.S.,Dr D Y Patil Dental College And Hospital | Vaidya K.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2014

Central granular cell odontogenic tumor (CGCOT) is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm reported with various terms and is not included in the 2005 WHO classification of odontogenic tumors. It shows a predilection for middle-aged women, usually presenting as an asymptomatic swelling of the mandibular premolar-molar region. Radiographic manifestations include unilocular or multilocular radiolucent lesion, but mixed density lesions can also occur. Histopathology shows sheets and lobules of round to polygonal cells with abundant eosinophilic, granular cytoplasm and eccentrically placed nuclei. Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features suggest the histiocytic origin of granular cells. The neoplasm does not exhibit an aggressive biological behavior and hence enucleation or curettage ensuring complete removal remains the treatment of choice. We present a systematic review on clinical, radiological, histopathological, immunohistochemical and treatment aspect of CGCOT. Published articles were identified through a literature search using online databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus) and cross-references for papers published from the year 1950 to March 2013. From a total of 37 papers, 26 (38 cases) were extracted from the database for systematic review. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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