PubMed | Yibin College Yibin, Beijing Normal University and Sichuan Agricultural University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2014
To investigate the effect of -terpineol on cell proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatoma BEL-7402 cells to elucidate its molecular mechanism. Here, BEL-7402 cells were treated with various concentrations (40, 80, 160, 320 and 640 g/ml) of -terpineol for 48 h, cell proliferation was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromides (MTT) assay. Cell colony inhibition was determined by soft agar assay. Apoptosis and possible molecular mechanisms were evaluated by morphological observation, flow cytometry analysis, and DNA fragmentation assay. The -terpineol significantly suppressed BEL-7402 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Characteristic morphological and biochemical changes associated with apoptosis such as cells shrinkage, deformation and vacuolization of mitochondria, nuclear chromatin condensation and fragmentation, formation of apoptotic bodies were observed after BEL-7402 cells treated with -terpineol for 24 h and 48 h. Cell cycle were displayed by flow cytometry analysis, the -terpineol treatment resulted in accumulation of cells at G or S phase and a blockade of cell proliferation compared to control group. Treating BEL-7402 cells with 320 g/ml of -terpineol for 36 h and 48 h, a typical apoptotic DNA ladder was observed using DNA fragmentation assay. The present study demonstrated that possible anti-cancer mechanism of -terpineol on human hematomas cells is through inducing cell apoptosis to suppress tumor cell growth.