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Yining, China

Zhu T.,Nanjing University | Jiang Z.,Nanjing University | Jiang Z.,Yi Li Normal University | Nurlybaeva E.M.R.,Kazakh National Technical University | And 3 more authors.
Langmuir | Year: 2013

There is currently a lack of comprehensive understanding of osmotic effect on lipid vesicle fusion on solid oxide surface. The question has both biological and biomedical implications. We studied the effect by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring using NaCl, sucrose as osmolytes, and two different osmotic stress imposition methods, which allowed us to separate the osmotic effects from the solute impacts. Osmotic stress was found to have limited influence on the fusion kinetics, independently of the direction of the gradient. Further atomic force microscopy experiments and energy consideration implied that osmotic stress spends the majority of chemical potential energy associated in directed transport of water across membrane. Its contribution to vesicle deformation and fusion on substrate is therefore small compared to that of adhesion. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

Zhao X.-J.,Xinjiang Normal University | Zhang G.-L.,Yi Li Normal University
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science (English Edition) | Year: 2014

A theoretical investigation on the pH-induced switching of mixed polyelectrolyte brushes was performed by using a molecular theory. The results indicate that the switching properties of mixed polyelectrolyte brushes are dependent on the pH values. At low pH, negatively charged chains adopt a compact conformation on the bottom of the brush while positively charged chains are highly stretched away from the surface. At high pH values, the inverse transformation takes place. The role of pH determining the polymer chains conformation and charge behavior of mixed polyelectrolyte brushes was analyzed. It is found that there exists a mechanism for reducing strong electrostatic repulsions: stretching of the chains. The H+ and OH- units play a more important role as counterions of the charged polymers do. The collapse of the polyelectrolyte chains for different pH values could be attributed to the screening of the electrostatic interactions and the counterion-mediated attractive interaction along the chains. © 2014 Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Fang J.,Nanjing University | Ren C.,Nanjing University | Zhu T.,Nanjing University | Wang K.,Nanjing University | And 4 more authors.
Analyst | Year: 2015

A molecular level understanding of the phenomena taking place at solid-liquid interfaces, ranging from changes in mass to conformation changes, is the key to developing and improving many chemical and biological systems and their scientific and medical applications. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) techniques are often coupled to achieve this understanding. We divided various experimentally relevant scenarios into the following six categories: boundary solutions; surface modifications; conformation; viscoelastic properties; molecular ruler; and mass sensitivity. For each case, based on theoretical analyses, we discuss the following four points with respect to discrete adsorbates at solid-liquid interfaces: (1) the different types of information that can be obtained, why it can be obtained and how to obtain it; (2) the origins of many current approaches and why they are imperfect; (3) guidelines for experimental design; and (4) possible studies, such as the effect of dimensional confinement and adsorption forces on the ability of conformational changes to occur on the receipt of external stimuli and the hysteresis in these changes. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Source

Li K.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Li K.,Sun Yat Sen University | Zhou X.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Liu C.-L.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2016

Gallocatechin gallate (GCG) possesses multiple potential biological activities. However, the content of GCG in traditional green tea is too low which limits its in-depth pharmacological research and application. In the present study, a simple, efficient and environment-friendly chromatographic separation method was developed for preparative enrichment and separation of GCG from cocoa tea (Camellia ptilophylla) which contains high content of GCG. In the first step, the adsorption properties of selected resins were evaluated, and XAD-7HP resin was chosen by its adsorption and desorption properties for GCG. In order to maximize column efficiency for GCG collection, the operating parameters (e.g., flow rate, ethanol concentration, and bed height) were optimized. We found that the best combination was the feed concentration at 20 mg/mL, flow rate at 0.75 BV/h and the ratio of diameter to bed heights as 1:12. Under these conditions, the purity of GCG was 45% with a recovery of 89%. In order to obtain pure target, a second step was established using column chromatography with sephadex LH-20 gel and 55% ethanol-water solution as eluent. After this step, the purity of the GCG was 91% with a recovery of 68% finally. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

Zhu T.,Nanjing University | Jiang Z.,Nanjing University | Jiang Z.,Yi Li Normal University | Ma Y.,Nanjing University | Ma Y.,Soochow University of China
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2012

Intermembrane lipid exchange is critical to membrane functions and pharmaceutical applications. The exchange process is not fully understood and it is explored by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitor method in this research. It is found that intermembrane lipid exchange is accelerated with the decrease of vesicle size and the increase of charge and liquid crystalline lipid composition ratio. Vesicle adsorption rate, membrane lateral pressure gradient, and lipid lateral diffusion coefficient are inferred to be critical in deciding the lipid exchange kinetics between membranes. Besides that, the membrane contact situation during lipid exchange is also studied. The maximum total membrane contact area is found to increase with the decrease of vesicle size, charged and liquid crystalline lipid composition ratio. A competition mechanism between the vesicle adsorption rate and the intermembrane lipid exchange rate was proposed to control the maximum total membrane contact area. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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