Randomized comparison of the efficacy and safety of zotarolimus-eluting stents vs. sirolimus-eluting stents for percutaneous coronary intervention in chronic total occlusion - CAtholic total occlusion study (CATOS) trial -
Park H.-J.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital |
Kim H.-Y.,Bucheon St. Marys Hospital |
Lee J.-M.,Uijeongbu St. Marys Hospital |
Choi Y.S.,Yeouido St. Marys Hospital |
And 10 more authors.
Background: Limited data are available regarding the direct comparison of angiographic and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods and Results: A prospective, randomized, multicenter trial was conducted to evaluate the non-inferiority of a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES; Endeavor Sprint®, n=80) to a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES; Cypher®, n=80) in patients with CTO lesion with a reference vessel diameter ≥2.5mm. The primary endpoint was in-segment binary restenosis rate at 9-month angiographic follow-up. Key secondary endpoints included target vessel failure (TVF; including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) and Academic Research Consortium-defined definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) within 12 months. The ZES was non-inferior to the SES with respect to the primary endpoint, which occurred in 14.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.0-22.2) and in 13.7% (95%CI: 5.8-21.6) of patients, respectively (non-inferiority margin, 15.0%; P for non-inferiority <0.001). There were no significant between-group differences in the rate of TVF (10.0% vs. 17.5%; P=0.168) nor in the rate of ST (0.0% vs. 1.3%; P=0.316) during the 12-month clinical follow-up. Conclusions: The effectiveness and safety of ZES are similar to those of SES and therefore it is a good treatment option in patients undergoing PCI for CTO with DESs. Source
Kim J.,National Healthcare Services |
Kim K.,National Strategic Coordinating Center for Clinical Research |
Kim Y.,National Strategic Coordinating Center for Clinical Research |
Yoo K.-H.,Konkuk University |
And 8 more authors.
Background: Although the efficacy of inhaled long-acting bronchodilators has been well documented in randomised controlled studies, whether similar effects are obtained in real-life clinical practice is not clear. In this study, we analysed the effect of inhaled long-acting bronchodilators in newly-diagnosed COPD patients. Methods: The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service databases were used. Participants ≥40-years-old who had not been diagnosed with COPD between 2007 and 2008 but were diagnosed and prescribed COPD medication in 2009 were designated as newly-diagnosed COPD patients. Patients were divided into three groups based on the use of bronchodilators, an inhaled long-acting bronchodilator (LA-B), an inhaled short-acting bronchodilator (SA-B) and an oral medication (OM) group. Results: A total of 77,480 newly-diagnosed COPD patients with a mean age of 68.5 years, among which 43,530 (56.2%) were men, were included in the study. ER visits and hospitalisation were associated with SA-B group, male gender, older age, Medicaid coverage, tertiary healthcare centre visits and higher comorbidities. Multivariate analysis showed that the SA-B group was associated with more ER visits, recurrent ER visits, hospitalisation and recurrent hospitalisation (adjusted ORs [95% confidence intervals] = 4.32 [3.93-4.75], 6.19 [5.24-7.30], 5.04 [2.95-3.39], and 8.49 [7.67-9.39], respectively) compared with the LA-B group. Medical utilisation cost was also higher in the SA-B group. Conclusion: Inhaled long-acting bronchodilator use was associated with lower rates of hospitalisation, fewer ER visits and lower medical costs in newly-diagnosed COPD patients in real-life clinical practice. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source
Yun K.-J.,Yeouido St. Marys Hospital |
Han K.,Catholic University of Korea |
Kim M.K.,Yeouido St. Marys Hospital |
Park Y.-M.,U.S. National Institutes of Health |
And 3 more authors.
Background: We sought to identify the distribution and cut-off value of the 'homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance' (HOMA-IR) according to gender and menopausal status for metabolic syndrome in Koreans. Methods: Data were from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2008-2010. The subjects included adults aged 20 years or older. We excluded participants who had diabetes or fasting serum glucose ≥ 7 mmol/L. Finally, 11,121 subjects (4,911 men, 3,597 premenopausal women, 2,613 postmenopausal women) were enrolled. The modified Adult Treatment Panel III criteria were used to define metabolic syndrome. Results: The mean HOMA-IR was 2.11 (2.07-2.15) for men, 2.0 (1.97-2.04) for premenopausal women, and 2.14 (2.2-2.19) for postmenopausal women. The first cut-off values in men, premenopausal women, and postmenopausal women were 2.23 (sensitivity 70.6%, specificity 66.9%), 2.39 (sensitivity 72.3%, specificity 76.4%), and 2.48 (sensitivity 51.9%, specificity 80.2%), respectively. Based on the first HOMA-IR cut-off value, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 22.9% in men, 13.7% in premenopausal women, and 51.6% in postmenopausal women. The second cut-off value was around 3.2 in all three groups. Based on the second HOMA-IR cut-off value, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 50.8% in men, 42.5% in premenopausal women, and 71.6% in postmenopausal women. Conclusion: In conclusion, the first cut-off values for HOMA-IR were 2.2-2.5 and the second cut-off value was 3.2 in Korea. The distribution of HOMA-IR showed differences according to gender and menopausal status. When we apply HOMA-IR, we should consider gender, menopausal status, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. © 2016 Yun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source
Kim S.J.,Cancer Research Institute |
Kang J.Y.,Cancer Research Institute |
Park C.K.,Yeouido St. Marys Hospital |
Yeo C.D.,Catholic University of Korea |
And 6 more authors.
Background and objective Peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-mediated real-time polymerase chain reaction clamping was recently developed to improve mutation detection sensitivity. Pleural effusion could be a good sample candidate for mutation analysis. To establish if PNA clamping could be used to detect KRAS mutation in particular in pleural effusion, we analysed its diagnostic performance. Methods We studied 57 patients with malignant effusion. KRAS mutation was evaluated in samples of matched tumour tissue, cell block, pleural effusion and serum using PNA clamping and direct sequencing. Results The detection rate of KRAS mutation using pleural effusion was 14% for PNA clamping and 10.5% for direct sequencing. The κ coefficient between the two methods was 0.76 (P value < 0.0001), 1.00 (P value < 0.0001) and 0.87 (P value < 0.0001) in pleural effusion, tissue and cell block, respectively. The diagnostic performance of KRAS mutation detection from pleural effusion compared with the results obtained for all samples combined showed that the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were as follows: 89, 100, 100 and 98%, respectively for PNA clamping; 67, 100, 100 and 94%, respectively for directing sequencing. Conclusions The current study suggests that PNA clamping had a good concordance with direct sequencing for the detection of KRAS mutation in patients with malignant effusion. Furthermore, the good diagnostic performance obtained from pleural effusion samples provides evidence that pleural effusion can be a useful source for detecting KRAS mutation in a clinical setting, in which the collection of tumour tissues is challenging. The diagnostic performance of PNA clamping for KRAS mutation was evaluated in samples of matched tumour tissue, cell block, pleural effusion and serum in patients with malignant effusion. PNA clamping had a good concordance with conventional direct sequencing for the detection of KRAS mutation, in particular from pleural effusion. © 2014 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology. Source
Jeong M.-Y.,Yeouido St. Marys Hospital
Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a very rare complication of transradial coronary intervention (TRI). We present the case of a 51-year-old man who suffered severe pain of the right forearm after TRI and progressed to type I CRPS. The patient had effort angina and underwent successful coronary artery stent deployment on the right coronary artery. After removing the hemostatic device, the patient had swelling and severe pain that was not relieved by analgesics. Continued pain progressed to allodynia, hyperalgesia, and hyperesthesia, which met the diagnostic criteria for CRPS. Electromyography showed no abnormalities in nerve conduction and thermography of the forearm showed temperature discrepancy between both forearms, which confirmed the diagnosis of CRPS. We treated the patient with sympathetic nerve block, but he still suffers from minor pain in the right forearm. This case demonstrates that unalleviated pain after TRI can progress to CRPS, and that thermography is a useful method to diagnose CRPS. Source