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Lee A.Y.,Pusan National University | Wang X.,Pusan National University | Lee D.G.,Chung - Ang University | Kim Y.-M.,Yeong Gwang Agricultural Technology Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry | Year: 2014

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biological activities of extracts of ramie (Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.), hereafter referred to as Bn. Bn extracts from various collecting area were extracted with methanol. Two extracts from our study, Bn-13 and -82, showed significant antioxidant properties, likely due to their ability to scavenge free radicals. In addition, Bn extracts showed stronger anti-bacterial activity against Escherichia coli (Bn-40), Stapylococcus aureus (Bn-33), and Helicobacter pylori (Bn-05). In addition, this study was conducted to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of Bn extracts in lipopolyssacharide (LPS)- and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages cells. Bn-37 significantly inhibited the production LPS/IFN-γinduced nitric oxide. The most noteworthy anti-cancer effect was found in Bn-23. Bn-08 showed inhibition of aldose reductase. This study provides basic information for the development of functional foods. © The Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 2014.


Kim H.B.,Biomedic Co. | Kim H.B.,Jeju National University | Uhm Y.K.,Biomedic Co. | Kim J.J.,Biomedic Co. | And 7 more authors.
Horticulture Environment and Biotechnology | Year: 2016

Boehmeria nivea (ramie), a subshrub of the Urticaceae family and an important fiber crop, has been grown in Asian countries, including Korea, for many centuries. Traditionally, in some regions of Korea, ramie leaves are also used as a major ingredient in ‘Songpyeon’ rice cakes. Despite its economic importance, the molecular genetics of ramie have not yet been studied in detail. Researchers from Yeong-Gwang Agricultural Technology Center collected genetic resources of ramie from a variety of local sites in Korea. Nuclear internal transcribed spacer sequences amplified from 90 genetic resources showed no variation in size or sequence between them or B. nivea reference samples, indicating that all the genetic resources could be taxonomically classified as B. nivea. To systematically and efficiently manage these genetic resources, we developed simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for ramie using the magnetic bead hybridization selection method. Finally, we selected 17 SSR markers that showed possible polymorphism among the genetic resources and analyzed the genetic diversity of ramie collection. These 17 markers detected a total of 140 alleles, ranging from 3 to 17 alleles per accession. The average genetic diversity value was 0.61, ranging from 0.37 to 0.84. Average polymorphism information content was 0.56, ranging from 0.34 to 0.82. Genetic cluster analysis based on SSR data revealed that the genetic collection of ramie plants could be classified into four distinct clusters. A purity test on several of the genetic resources using polymorphic SSR markers revealed that some resources were impure. These newly developed SSR markers might be useful for diverse genetic analysis including the management of genetic collections, establishment of core collections, and cultivar identification. © 2016, Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH.


Lee D.G.,Chung - Ang University | Cho S.,Chung - Ang University | Lee J.,Chung - Ang University | Yang S.,Chung - Ang University | And 4 more authors.
Natural Product Sciences | Year: 2015

Content analysis of flavonoids (epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, and rutin) present in the leaves of Boehmeria nivea (originating from Geumsan-myeon, Biin-myeon, Hansan-myeon, and Baeksu-eup) and their commercial products (ramie tteok, ramie songpyeon, ramie bory-tteok, and ramie tea) was conducted by HPLC. The content of epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, and rutin was highest in the leaves of B. nivea from Geumsanmyeon (0.138 mg/g), Baeksu-eup (1.654 mg/g) and Geumsan-myeon (12.205 mg/g), respectively. With respect to commercial products, the content of epicatechin and epicatechin gallate was highest in ramie tea, with concentrations of 1.879 and 1.090 mg/g, respectively. Given these flavonoid concentrations, B. nivea leaf extracts have the potential to be used as additives in natural medicinal products, health supplements, and beverages. © 2015, Korean Society of Pharmacognosy. All rights reserved.


Cho S.,Chung - Ang University | Lee D.G.,Chung - Ang University | Jung Y.-S.,Yeong Gwang Agricultural Technology Center | Kim H.B.,Biomedic Co. | And 2 more authors.
Natural Product Sciences | Year: 2016

Phytochemicals were isolated from leaves of the fiber crop, ramie (Boehmeria nivea, Bn), using open column chromatography and medium pressure liquid chromatography. Their structures were identified as β-sitosterol, (−)-loliolide, rutin, and pyrimidinedione by MS, 1H-, and 13C-NMR spectroscopic analysis. Among them, (−)-loliolide was isolated for the first time from B. nivea. A content analysis of (−)-loliolide in B. nivea collected from different regions and harvest times was conducted by HPLC. The highest content of (−)-loliolide was found in Bn-23 harvested in September. These results will be helpful to use the plant which harvest in September as a high content phytochemical additive in food, health supplements, and medicinal products. © 2016 Korean Society of Pharmacognosy. All rights reserved.


Lee D.G.,Chung - Ang University | Lee A.Y.,Pusan National University | Kim S.-J.,Chungnam National University | Jung Y.-S.,Yeong Gwang Agricultural Technology Center | And 3 more authors.
Natural Product Sciences | Year: 2014

This research aimed to investigate the antibacterial activity of Lycoris radiata. The methanol extract and solvent fractions from L. radiata exhibited antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Helicobactor pylori. Open-column chromatography was used to isolate phytochemical constituents from L. radiata; spectroscopic analysis elucidated their structures as β-sitosterol (1), daucosterol (2), Omethyllycorenine (3), lycorenine (4), lycoricidinol (5), lycorine (6), and lycoricidine (7). Further testing of compounds 1 - 7 revealed antibacterial effects against E. coli, S. aureus, and H. pylori, which suggested the potential of these substances as antibacterial agents. We determined that compounds 1 and 2, isolated from the nhexane fraction, were more effective against S. aureus and H. pylori. Compound 4, isolated from the methylene chloride fraction, exhibited noticeable antibacterial effects against E. coli. This study is the first report on the antibacterial activities of phytochemical constituents from L. radiata against E. coli, S. aureus, and H. pylori. © 2014, Korean Society of Pharmacognosy. All rights reserved.

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