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Ba'amer A.A.,Yemen University of Science and Technology
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal | Year: 2010

To determine the vaccination coverage for children 12-23 months and to identify reasons for non-vaccination, we conducted a community-based survey in Al Mukalla district. Information about vaccination status and related barriers was collected for 210 children: 82% were fully vaccinated, 12% were partially vaccinated, and 5% were not vaccinated. Drop-out rate between DPT1 and DPT3 was 3.1%. Combining the evidence of vaccine cards and parent's history, the coverage for OPV1 was 94.3%, OPV3 91.4%, measles 90%, and BCG 88.1%. Reasons for not vaccinating included lack of information (54%) and existence of obstacles (35%). There is a need to raise the awareness of families about vaccination and to expand continuous outreach sessions to cover all children. Source


Ahmed B.A.,Yemen University of Science and Technology
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2010

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among females in Yemen and world-wide, Yemeni women are still facing an increasing threat to it in recent years and optimal chances for survival from BC in women can be achieved by detecting it early by Breast self examination (BSE). Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer and breast self examination among female university students in Al-Mukalla city-2009. Methods: a cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 425 female university students in Al-Mukalla city by using self administered questionnaire. Results: the study indicated that majority of participants had low level of knowledge of BC 58.6%. Only 1.4% had gained high level of knowledge. 95.3% of participants believed BC is a serious disease. It was found that despite 76.9% of participants heard about BSE, only 17.4% of them were performing it. 55.9% mentioned lack of knowledge about technique of BSE as a barrier for not practicing BSE. Mass media 81.6 % and 67.3% was the first source of information about BC and BSE mentioned by the participants respectively. Conclusion: the majority of participants heard about BC, but their knowledge and understanding of the disease was very low. The most known method of BC detection was BSE, however the majority never practice it due to lack of knowledge about technique. Source


Al Rohani M.,Yemen University of Science and Technology
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2011

Acute renal failure (ARF) is defined as a rapid decrease in the glomerular filtration rate, occurring over a period of hours to days. The Science and Technology University Hospital, Sana'a, is a referral hospital that caters to patients from all parts of Yemen. The aim of this study is to have a deeper overview about the epidemiological status of ARF in Yemeni patients and to identify the major causes of ARF in this country. We studied 203 patients with ARF over a period of 24 months. We found that tropical infectious diseases constituted the major causes of ARF, seen in 45.3% of the patients. Malaria was the most important and dominant infectious disease causing ARF. Hypotension secondary to infection or cardiac failure was seen in 28.6% of the patients. Obstructive nephropathy due to urolithiasis or prostate enlargement was the cause of ARF in a small number of patients. ARF was a part of multi-organ failure in 19.7% of the patients, and was accompanied by a high mortality rate. Majority of the patients were managed conservatively, and only 39.9% required dialysis. Our study suggests that early detection of renal failure helps improve the outcome and return of renal function to normal. Mortality was high in patients with malaria and in those with associated hepatocellular failure. Source


Al-hebshi N.N.,Yemen University of Science and Technology
Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology | Year: 2010

Whether or not khat chewing is detrimental to the periodontium remains uncertain. Findings from cross-sectional studies have been contradictory and, in most cases, uncontrolled for confounders. OBJECTIVES: to experimentally test the effect of khat chewing on formation of dental plaque and development of gingivitis. METHODS: This was a split-mouth, parallel-group, 20-day experimental gingivitis study involving non-smoking, young, male khat chewers (n = 8) and non-chewers (n = 9). Measurements of plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing (BOP), as experimental outcomes, were performed on days 0, 10, and 20. Scores were compared between the two groups (parallel-group model) and between the khat-chewing and non-chewing sides (split-mouth model). RESULTS: All experimental outcomes significantly increased over time. Results from the two models were consistent. Khat chewing was associated with lower PI scores; however, differences were only significant at day 20. Despite scoring higher in baseline gingival inflammation, the khat chewers and khat-chewing sides showed significantly lower GI and BOP scores at days 10 and 20. The effect of khat chewing was evident on both the lingual and buccal aspects. CONCLUSIONS: The observed anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis properties indicate that khat chewing is probably not detrimental to the periodontium. The validity of previous findings supporting an opposite view is undermined by lack of control for confounders, particularly smoking. Source


Al-Haddad A.M.,Yemen University of Science and Technology
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology | Year: 2010

Six hundred children from urban and rural regions of Hadhramout governorate were examined targeted for the detection of intestinal parasites during the year 2009. The main infective parasites prevailed in children were Gardia lamblia (19.17%), Entamoeba histolytica (16.83%), Ascaris lumbricoides (15.83%), Trichuris trichiura (2.33%), Hymenolepis nana (2.33%), Taenia saginata (1.50%) and Schistosoma mansoni (0.67%). Besides, infections were accompanied by different symptoms as diarrhea (43.5%), abdominal pain (23.3%), abdominal distention (17.3%), constipation (9.1%), nausea and vomiting (8.02%) and fever (5.1%). The parasitosis reflected the hygienic problems and their influence on public health of Hadhramout. Source

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