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Chi M.,Hefei University of Technology | Li G.,Hefei University of Technology | Liu Y.,Hefei University of Technology | Liu G.,Hefei University of Technology | And 5 more authors.
Biological Control | Year: 2015

Morphological change, such as from yeast-like to biofilm, has been recently considered to be involved in the mode of action of some antagonistic yeasts used as postharvest biocontrol agents. In the present study, the biocontrol yeast, Pichia kudriavzevii, reversibly shifted from a yeast-like morphology on yeast peptone dextrose (YPD) medium with 2% agar to a biofilm morphology on YPD with 0.3% agar. The tolerance of P. kudriavzevii to heat and oxidative stresses, as well as the biocontrol efficacy against postharvest diseases on pear fruit, increased significantly from the yeast-like form to the biofilm form. The activity of antioxidant enzymes, including catalase and superoxidase dismutase, in the biofilm form was also significantly higher. The elevated activity of antioxidant enzymes was associated with less protein and lipid oxidation in the biofilm form, compared to the yeast-like form, under heat and oxidative stresses. These results suggest that activation of antioxidant system with the morphology shift contributes to the enhancement of abiotic stress tolerance and biocontrol performance of P. kudriavzevii. These findings provide new information on the biology of yeast antagonists that is essential for their potential application and development. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source


Li G.,Hefei University of Technology | Chi M.,Hefei University of Technology | Chen H.,Hefei University of Technology | Sui Y.,Hefei University of Technology | And 7 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2016

As an eco-friendly management method, biological control of postharvest diseases, utilizing antagonistic yeasts, is a research topic receiving considerable attention. Detailed knowledge on the biology of yeast antagonists is crucial when considering their potential application and development as biocontrol products. Changes in the growth form, such as single-cell to pseudohyphae, have been associated with the mode of action in postharvest biocontrol yeasts. In this study, the antagonistic yeast, Candida diversa, reversibly shifted from a single-cell morphology on yeast peptone dextrose (YPD) medium with 2 % agar to a pseudohyphal morphology on YPD with 0.3 % agar. The tolerance of the pseudohyphal form to heat and oxidative stresses, as well as the biocontrol efficacy against Botrytis cinerea on apple and kiwifruit stored at 25 and 4 °C, was significantly higher as compared to the single-cell form. This study provides new information on the ability of C. diversa to change its morphology and the impact of the morphology shift on stress tolerance and biocontrol performance. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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