Zhang L.,Chinese National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention |
Wang G.,Peking University |
Liu Q.,People's Care |
Chen C.,Shihezi University |
And 16 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Although anaplasmosis cases have been nationally identified in China, no human isolates of A. phagocytophilum have been obtained, which limits the analysis of any molecular and genetic contributions to patients' severe clinical manifestations and the study of the bacteria's pathogeneses in China. Given this situation, a joint project was conducted in 2009-2010. A total of 421 febrile cases of unknown etiology were collected and the patients' blood samples were collected for laboratory diagnoses including serologic diagnosis based on the four-fold rise in the anti- A. phagocytophilum IgG titer by indirect micro-immunofluorescence assay (IFA), positive PCR assay and confirmation of A. phagocytophilum DNA and positive culture of A. phagocytophilum and confirmed by amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA and ank A genes of the A. phagocytophilum isolates. A total of 570 ticks were collected from the patients' domestic animals (456) and from wild fields (114) for culturing and amplifying and sequencing the 16S rRNA gene of A. phagocytophilum. Phylogenetic analyses were performed on the 16S rRNA and ank A gene sequences of the isolates and the ticks tested in the study. A total of 46 (10.9%) confirmed and 16 (3.8%) probable cases were diagnosed and severe clinical features and higher mortality rates were observed in these Chinese patients. Five isolates were obtained and the 16S rRNA genes of the 5 isolates were conserved but variety for ank A genes. Two human isolates and 1 tick isolate from Shandong Peninsula, where all patients exhibited severe clinical manifestations, were grouped as one clan based on the phylogenetic analyses, while 2 other human isolates were clustered in a second clan. 43.5% of H. longicornis were infected with A. phagocytophilum.The present study is the first to obtain clinical isolates of A. phagocytophilum in China. The diversity of the ank A genes of Chinese isolates will help us to further discern the relationship between the variations in the ank A genes and the severity of the disease's clinical manifestations in China. © 2013 Zhang et al.
Ding Y.-P.,Peking University |
Liang M.-F.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention |
Ye J.-B.,Guangshan County Hospital |
Liu Q.-H.,Laizhou Peoples Hospital |
And 19 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2014
SFTS virus (SFTSV) is a novel bunyavirus that causes severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), an emerging infectious disease that occurred in China in recent years, with an average case fatality rate of 10-12%. Intervention in the early clinical stage is the most effective measure to reduce the mortality rate of disease. To elucidate the natural course of and immune mechanisms associated with the pathogenesis of SFTSV, 59 laboratory-confirmed SFTS patients in the acute phase, who were hospitalized between October 2010 and September 2011, were enrolled in this study, and the patients sera were dynamically collected and tested for SFTSV viral RNA load, 34 cytokines or chemokines and other related laboratory parameters. All clinical diagnostic factors in the acute phase of SFTS were evaluated and assessed. The study showed that the severity of the disease in 11 (18.6%) patients was associated with abdominal pain (p 0.007; OR = 21.95; 95% CI, 2.32-208.11) and gingival bleeding (p 0.001; OR = 122.11; 95% CI, 6.41-2328). The IP-10, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, granzyme B and HSP70 levels were higher over the 7-8 days in severe cases, accompanied by altered AST, CK and LDH levels. HSP70 (p 0.012; OR = 8.29; 95% CI, 1.58-43.40) was independently correlated with the severity of the early acute phase of SFTSV infection. The severity of SFTS can be predicted based on the presence of symptoms such as abdominal pain and gingival bleeding and on the level of HSP70 in the acute phase of the disease. © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
Fan X.-P.,Shandong University |
Zou Z.-Q.,Yantai Infectious Diseases Hospital |
Long B.,Yantai Infectious Diseases Hospital |
Guo Y.-M.,Yantai Infectious Diseases Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine | Year: 2011
Acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF) refers to liver failure occurring in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) related liver diseases. Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) plays an important role in the exacerbation of liver function. However, the exact mechanism, by which IFN-γ mediates ACHBLF, is not fully understood. Forty patients with ACHBLF, fifteen patients with CHB and ten healthy controls were included in this present study. ELISA was performed to measure the level of serum IFN-γ. The methylation status of IFN-γ promoter in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was determined using methylation-specific PCR. Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scoring was performed for evaluating the severity of liver failure. The serum level of IFN-γ in patients with ACHBLF or CHB was significantly lower than that in healthy controls, while the serum IFN-γ level in ACHBLF patients was significantly higher than that in CHB patients. In ACHBLF patients, the level of IFN-γ was positively correlated with total bilirubin and MELD score, but negatively correlated with prothrombin time activity. These results suggest the involvement of IFN-γ in the pathogenesis of ACHBLF. Importantly, the degree of methylation of the IFN-γ gene promoter in ACHBLF patients (60%, 24/40) was significantly lower than that in CHB patients (93%, 14/15), but was higher than that in the control group (20%, 2/10). Furthermore, in ACHBLF patients, the serum IFN-γ level was significantly higher in unmethylation group than that in methylation group. In conclusion, enhanced demethylation of IFN-γ gene promoter in PBMCs may be associated with the onset of ACHBLF. © 2011 Tohoku University Medical Press.