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Guo S.,Fudan University | Guo S.,Fudan Taizhou Institute of Health science | Yan F.,Fudan University | Xu J.,Changzheng Hospital of Shanghai | And 15 more authors.
Clinical Epigenetics | Year: 2015

Background: DNA methylation was suggested as the promising biomarker for lung cancer diagnosis. However, it is a great challenge to search for the optimal combination of methylation biomarkers to obtain maximum diagnostic performance.Results: In this study, we developed a panel of DNA methylation biomarkers and validated their diagnostic efficiency for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a large Chinese Han NSCLC retrospective cohort. Three high-throughput DNA methylation microarray datasets (458 samples) were collected in the discovery stage. After normalization, batch effect elimination and integration, significantly differentially methylated genes and the best combination of the biomarkers were determined by the leave-one-out SVM (support vector machine) feature selection procedure. Then, candidate promoters were examined by the methylation status determined single nucleotide primer extension technique (MSD-SNuPET) in an independent set of 150 pairwise NSCLC/normal tissues. Four statistical models with fivefold cross-validation were used to evaluate the performance of the discriminatory algorithms. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 86.3%, 95.7% and 91%, respectively, in Bayes tree model. The logistic regression model incorporated five gene methylation signatures at AGTR1, GALR1, SLC5A8, ZMYND10 and NTSR1, adjusted for age, sex and smoking, showed robust performances in which the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and area under the curve (AUC) were 78%, 97%, 87%, and 0.91, respectively.Conclusions: In summary, a high-throughput DNA methylation microarray dataset followed by batch effect elimination can be a good strategy to discover optimal DNA methylation diagnostic panels. Methylation profiles of AGTR1, GALR1, SLC5A8, ZMYND10 and NTSR1, could be an effective methylation-based assay for NSCLC diagnosis. © 2015 Guo et al Source

Wang S.,Nanjing Medical University | Cao Q.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang X.,Yangzhou No.1 Peoples Hospital | Li B.,University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: The plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is expressed in many cancer cell types and allows the modulation of cancer growth, invasion and angiogenesis. To date, studies investigated the association between a functional polymorphism in PAI-1 (4G/5G) and risk of cancer have shown inclusive results. Methods: A meta-analysis based on 25 case-control studies was performed to address this issue. Odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association. The statistical heterogeneity across studies was examined with I2 test. Results: Overall, a significant increased risk of cancer was associated with the PAI-1 4G/4G polymorphism for the allele contrast (4G vs. 5G: OR = 1.10, CI = 1.03-1.18, I2 = 49.5%), the additive genetic model (4G/4G vs. 5G/5G: OR = 1.21, CI = 1.06-1.39, I2 = 51.9%), the recessive genetic model (4G/4G vs. 4G/5G+5G/5G: OR = 1.11, CI = 1.04-1.18, I2 = 20.8%). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the results indicated that individuals with 4G/4G genotype had a significantly higher cancer risk among Caucasians (4G/4G vs. 5G/5G: OR = 1.31, 95%CI = 1.09-1.59, I2 = 59.6%; 4G/4G vs. 4G/5G: OR = 1.12, 95%CI = 1.04-1.21, I2 = 3.6%; recessive model: OR = 1.12, 95%CI = 1.05-1.21, I2 = 25.3%). Conclusions: The results of the present meta-analysis support an association between the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism and increasing cancer risk, especially among Caucasians, and those with 4G allele have a high risk to develop colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer. © 2013 Wang et al. Source

Geng J.,Nanjing Medical University | Ye X.,Zhejiang Provincial Peoples Hospital | Liu C.,Yangzhou No.1 Peoples Hospital | Xie J.,Nanjing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016

Studies evaluating the outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce, particularly in China. The purpose of present study was therefore to compare the impact of off-hours and on-hours admission on clinical outcomes in STEMI patients from China. We retrospectively analyzed 1594 patients from 4 hospitals. Of these, 903 patients (56.65%) were admitted during off-hours (weekdays from 18:00 to 08:00, weekends and holidays) and 691 (43.35%) were during on-hours (weekdays from 08:00 to 18:00). Patients admitted during off-hours had higher thrombolysis in myocardial infarction risk score (4.67 ± 2.27 vs 4.39 ± 2.10, P = 0.012) and longer door-to-balloon time (72 [50-96] vs 64 [42-92] minutes, P < 0.001) than those admitted during on-hours. Off-hours admission had no association with in-hospital (unadjusted odds ratio 2.069, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.956-4.480, P = 0.060) and long-term mortality (unadjusted hazards ratio [HR] 1.469, 95%CI 0.993-2.173, P = 0.054), even after adjustment for confounders. However, long-term outcomes, the composite of deaths and other adverse events, differed between groups with an unadjusted HR of 1.327 (95%CI, 1.102-1.599, P = 0.003), which remained significant in regression models. In a subgroup analysis, off-hours admission was associated with higher long-term mortality in the high-risk subgroup (unadjusted HR 1.965, 95%CI 1.103-3.512, P = 0.042), but not in low- and moderate-risk subgroups. This study showed no association between off-hours admission and in-hospital and long-term mortality. Stratified analysis indicated that off-hours admission was significantly associated with long-term mortality in the high-risk subgroup. © 2016 the Author(s). Source

Wang N.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang X.H.,Nanjing Medical University | Lu J.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhang J.Y.,Yangzhou No.1 Peoples Hospital
Journal of ECT | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: Etomidate may affect adrenocortical function. We conducted an investigation of the comparative effects of etomidate and propofol during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on adrenocortical function and hemodynamics. METHODS: Patients in group T received etomidate and those in group B received propofol during intravenous anesthesia in ECT. Patients underwent ECT once every 2 days for 6 times. The serum levels of cortisol (Cor) and adrenocorticotropic hormone were determined 5 minutes before first anesthesia (baseline level, D0), and 24 hours (D1) as well as 48 hours after the last ECT (D2). At the same time, the hemodynamics was measured 2 minutes before anesthetic induction (T0), 30 seconds (T1) and 20 minutes after ECT (T2). Electrographic seizure duration (t), average seizure energy index, and postictal suppression index were recorded. RESULTS: Compared with the baseline level, serum Cor levels in group T were markedly decreased, but in normal ranges, at 24 hours after second and sixth treatments. No significant difference in serum Cor level was observed between the baseline and 48 hours posttreatment. In group B, there was no significant difference in serum Cor level between the baseline and 24 hours as well as 48 hours after each treatment. Furthermore, no significant difference in adrenocorticotropic hormone level was observed between the baseline and 24 hours as well as 48 hours posttreatment. However, the hemodynamics markedly changed during ECT and reached the preanesthetic level at 20 minutes posttreatment. The ECT-induced seizure duration in group T was longer than that in group B. However, seizure energy index and postictal suppression index was not significantly different between groups T and B. CONCLUSIONS: Etomidate and propofol would not affect the adrenocortical function during ECT, and hemodynamics reached normal level in a short time after ECT. Etomidate and propofol were both safe intravenous anesthetics during ECT, although etomidate was associated with comparatively longer seizure duration. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams &Wilkins. Source

Chen Y.-S.,Yangzhou No.1 Peoples Hospital | Xu S.-X.,Yangzhou No.1 Peoples Hospital | Xu S.-X.,Yangzhou University | Ding Y.-B.,Yangzhou No.1 Peoples Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

To investigate the cognition of medical professionals when following screening guidelines for colorectal cancer (CRC) and barriers to CRC screening. Between February 2012 and December 2012, an anonymous survey with 19-questions based on several CRC screening guidelines was randomly administered to gastroenterologists, oncologists, general surgeons, and general practitioners in Jiangsu, a developed area in China where the incidence of CRC is relatively high. The average cognitive score was 26.4% among 924 respondents. Gastroenterologists and oncologists had higher scores compared with others (p<0.01 and p<0.01, respectively); doctor of medicine (M.D.) with or without doctor of philosophy (Ph. D.) or holders with bachelor of medical science (BMS) achieved higher scores than other lower degree holders (P<0.05). More importantly, doctors who finished CRC related education in the past year achieved higher scores than the others (p<0.001). The most commonly listed barriers to referring high-risk patients for CRC screening were "anxiety about colonoscopy without anesthesia", "lack of awareness of the current guidelines" and "lack of insurance reimbursement." Lack of cognition was detected among doctors when following CRC screening guidelines for high-risk populations. Educational programs should be recommended to improve their cognition and reduce barriers to CRC screening. Source

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