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Pyay, Myanmar

Yangon University , located in Kamayut, Yangon, is the oldest and most well-known university in Myanmar. The university offers mainly graduate degree programmes in liberal arts, science and law. Full-time bachelor's degree have not been offered at the university's main campus since the student protests of 1996.Yangon University is the progenitor of most major universities in the country. Until 1958 when Mandalay University became an independent university, all institutions of higher education in Myanmar were under Yangon University. After the University Education Act of 1964, all professional colleges and institutes of the university such as the Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon Institute of Technology and Yangon Institute of Economics all became independent universities, leaving the university with liberal arts, science and law.From the beginning, Yangon University has been at the centre of civil discontent throughout its history. All three nationwide strikes against the British began at then Rangoon University. Anti-colonial movement's leaders like Aung San, U Nu, Ne Win and U Thant were all alumni of the university. The tradition of student protest at the university continued in the post-colonial era—in 1962, 1974, 1988 and most recently in 1996. Wikipedia.

Hlaing Y.W.,University of Computer Studies, Yangon | Oo K.M.,Yangon University
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2016

Graphs are prevalently used to model the relationships between objects in various domains. Storing the graphs into large databases is a challenging task as it deals with efficient space and time management. Unlike item sets in huge transactional databases, it becomes essential to ensure the consistency of graph databases since relationships among edges of a graph are predominant. One of the necessary procedures required is a mechanism to check whether two graphs are automorphic(duplicated) or not. Difficulty in identifying and eliminating the automorphic graphs is a challenging problem to the research community. In this paper, we propose a graph representative structure that is called graph code. There are three main phases: preprocessing, code generation and code matching. In preprocessing phase, vertex list, edge list and adjacent edge information are generated for input graph. In code generation, edge dictionary plays an important role. The edge dictionary and adjacent edge information are used to generate graph codes. In code matching, the new graph code is compared with those of other graphs in graph dataset to determine whether they are automorphic or not. The experimental results and comparisons offer a positive response to the proposed structure. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Source

Myo Z.M.,University of Computer Studies, Yangon | Mon M.T.,Yangon University
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2016

Long Term Evolution (LTE) network has a drastic development in the field of telecommunication broadband wireless network. It uses several propagation models which are available for various networks such as ad hoc networks, cellular networks, etc. Path loss is the significant concept to design and investigate the efficient signal propagation mechanism. In this paper, we give the analysis results about signal variation concerning with path loss over the LTE network. The analysis is based on an analytical model which is the use of processor sharing queuing theory. The analysis mainly considers at non- Guaranteed Bit Rate (non-GBR) such as FTP or HTTP. This paper also presents the work on the investigation of some parameter settings of the analytical model. Finally, the analysis of signal variation concerned with analytical model will be proved by comparing with the simulation result. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Source

Win K.K.,Yangon University | Myint K.M.,Myawaddy District | Nyunt K.M.,Myawaddy District
Malaria Journal | Year: 2013

Background: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) are used for diagnostic purpose in malaria-endemic areas where reliable microscopy is not available. Persistence of the antigenaemia causes over-diagnosis and may limit the usefulness of the RDT in monitoring treatment. In this study, the usefulness of histidine-rich protein-2 (HRP2) and pan-specific or species-specific Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) in treatment monitoring of uncomplicated falciparum malaria was carried out in an endemic setting in Myanmar. Methods. A prospective longitudinal, single-arm, cohort study was done by microscopy to confirm Plasmodium falciparum mono-infected cases. After direct treatment with an artemether-lumefantrine combination, patients were followed up on day 3, 7, 14, 21, 28 and any other day of recurrent fever. Blood film examination and RDT were carried out on day 0 and all follow-up days. Results: Out of 77 recruited falciparum cases, 63 became adequate clinical and parasitological response (ACPR) cases, and 60.3% of them were still positive for HRP2 up to day 28. Eleven out of 12 treatment failure cases (91.6%) were detected by pan pLDH. The mean duration required to become negative of HRP2 was 20 days (SD ± 6.03) and that of pan pLDH was six days with or without gametocytes and 3.7 days without gametocytes. Conclusion: Although treatment monitoring cannot be performed by HRP2, it can be assessed by pan pLDH-based assay after day 3 if a gametocidal drug has been administered and after day 7 if the presence of gametocytes was not excluded. The pan pLDH-based assay was a suitable test to monitor the treatment response of uncomplicated falciparum malaria patients. © 2013 Nyunt et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Aye S.S.,Yangon University
Hitachi Review | Year: 2016

Graduated with Bachelor of Computer Science (B.C.Sc) degree at University of Computer Studies, Yangon (UCSY) in 1994, and gained a Master of Computer Science degree from the same institute in 1997. Gained her Ph.D. from Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Japan in 2008, majoring in Software Engineering. Graduating, in 1997, worked at the University of Computer Studies, Yangon (UCSY). After finishing her Ph.D. at JAIST, continued working as a professor at UCSY teaching undergraduate and post-graduate students, and supervising Master's and Ph.D. candidates. Appointed Deputy Director General of the Department of Advanced Science and Technology in May 2012, and took up her current position as Rector of the University of Information Technology, Yangon, Myanmar in May 2015. In addition to attending as JAIST a Ph.D. candidate, other international experience includes positions as conference organizing committee member of the International Conference on Computer Applications (ICCA), International Conference on Energy, Environment and Human Engineering (ICEEHE). Her research interests are in Software Engineering, especially Software Development Models, Software Process, and Software Development Environments for Distributed Cooperative Work; and Database Management Systems. Source

Htwe N.M.,International Rice Research Institute | Singleton G.R.,International Rice Research Institute | Maw P.P.,Yangon University
Pest Management Science | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: We undertook studies on post-harvest losses by rodents in two townships in the Ayeyarwady Delta, Myanmar. Farmers harvest their monsoon rice crop and then stack it on levee banks to await threshing 4-6 weeks later. After threshing and drying, paddy rice is stored in granaries. The amount of grain stored in burrows was collected 4 weeks after harvest by excavating burrows. In grain stores, we quantified the weight of grain consumed by rodents for 3-6 months post-harvest. RESULTS: The dominant species in the field were Bandicota bengalensis and B. indica, whereas in grain stores the dominant species were Rattus rattus and R. exulans. The mean grain stored by rodents in burrows was 1.49 ± 0.9 kg burrow-1 in 2013 and 1.41 ± 0.7 kg burrow-1 in 2014. The mean loss of grain in granaries was higher in Daik U (14% in 2013, 4% in 2014) than in Maubin (8.2% in 2013, 1.2% in 2014). The total amount of grain lost to rodents during piling and storing could feed households for 1.6-4 months. CONCLUSION: Post-harvest losses of grain is a significant food security issue for smallholder farmers in Myanmar. Community rodent management and better rodent-proofing of granaries are recommended to reduce losses caused by rodents. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

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