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PubMed | Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Kanagawa Cardiovascular and Respiratory Center, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital and 6 more.
Type: | Journal: Respiratory medicine | Year: 2017

Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare interstitial pneumonia with upper lobe predominance and fibroelastosis. Although definite diagnosis requires surgical lung biopsy (SLB), SLB is often difficult because of its complications such as refractory pneumothorax.To evaluate urinary desmosines (degradation product of mature elastin) as a novel biomarker in patients with PPFE.Biopsy-proven patients with PPFE (n=14) were prospectively enrolled. Levels of urinary desmosines in patients with PPFE were measured with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and compared with those in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and controls.Levels of urinary desmosines were significantly higher in patients with PPFE than those in patients with IPF (48.4 vs. 28.6ng/mg creatinine, p=0.034), patients with COPD (8.0ng/mg creatinine, p<0.001), or controls (17.4ng/mg creatinine, p<0.001). Desmosines discriminated between PPFE and IPF (area under the curve [AUC]=0.708), and between PPFE and controls (AUC=0.956). However, levels of desmosines were not correlated with physiological parameters in patients with PPFE.Urinary desmosines may be a useful diagnostic biomarker in patients with PPFE. Measurement of desmosines combined with specific clinical and radiological features of PPFE may lead to an accurate diagnosis without SLB in patients with PPFE.

Tao H.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Hayashi T.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Sano F.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Takahagi A.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2013

Background Both visceral pleural invasion (VPI) and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) have been shown to be adverse prognostic factors for early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Positive VPI upstages the T category of tumors ≤ 2 cm (T1a) to T2a, whereas LVI is not adapted as a descriptor for the Tumor, Node, Metastasis classification system. This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic impacts of VPI and LVI in patients with pN0 NSCLC and a tumor diameter of ≤ 2 cm. Methods We reviewed records of a total of 142 patients with pN0 NSCLC and a tumor diameter of ≤ 2 cm, who underwent lobectomy with hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissection between January 2001 and December 2009. We conducted univariate and multivariate analyses to evaluate the impact of VPI, LVI, and other clinicopathologic factors on survival. Results Visceral pleural invasion and LVI were diagnosed as positive in 18 (12.7%) and 22 (15.5%) patients, respectively. Male sex, squamous cell carcinoma, positive VPI, and positive LVI were risk factors for overall survival. Squamous cell carcinoma, positive VPI, and positive LVI were risk factors for relapse-free survival. In multivariate analysis, squamous cell carcinoma and positive LVI were independent risk factors for overall survival, and positive LVI was an independent risk factor for relapse-free survival. Conclusions Positive LVI was more important than VPI as a prognostic factor in patients with pN0 NSCLC and a tumor diameter of ≤ 2 cm. Adjuvant chemotherapy should be considered for such patients, to improve the treatment outcomes. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Ueda K.,Yamaguchi University | Hayashi M.,Yamaguchi University | Tanaka T.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Hamano K.,Yamaguchi University
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2013

Objectives: Absorbable mesh and fibrin glue applied to prevent alveolar air leakage contribute to reducing the length of chest tube drainage, length of hospitalization and the rate of pulmonary complications. This study investigated the feasibility of omitting chest tube drainage in selected patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection. Methods: Intraoperative air leakages were sealed with fibrin glue and absorbable mesh in patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection. The chest tube was removed just after tracheal extubation if no air leakages were detected in a suction-induced air leakage test, which is an original technique to confirm pneumostasis. Patients with bleeding tendency or extensive thoracic adhesions were excluded. Results: Chest tube drainage was omitted in 29 (58%) of 50 eligible patients and was used in 21 (42%) on the basis of suction-induced air leakage test results. Male gender and compromised pulmonary function were significantly associated with the failure to omit chest tube drainage (both, P < 0.05). Regardless of omitting the chest tube drainage, there were no adverse events during hospitalization, such as subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, pleural effusion or haemothorax, requiring subsequent drainage. Furthermore, there was no prolonged air leakage in any patients: The mean length of chest tube drainage was only 0.9 days. Omitting the chest tube drainage was associated with reduced pain on the day of the operation (P = 0.046). Conclusions: The refined strategy for pneumostasis allowed the omission of chest tube drainage in the majority of patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection without increasing the risk of adverse events, which may contribute to a fast-track surgery. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2010

Pulmonary hamartoma is most common benign tumor of the lung and is not recognised as having a character of malignant transformation. So, longtime radiological observation is not uncommon for patients with diagnosis of pulmonary hamartoma from computed tomography (CT) finding. Although pulmonary hamartoma does not transform to malignancy, high frequency of coexistence hamartoma and lung cancer has been reported. We experienced 14 cases of resected pulmonary hamartoma, and 3 of them had lung cancer, showing that 21.4% of pulmonary hamartoma coexisted with lung cancer. Patients with pulmonary hamartoma should undergo sufficient evaluations for malignancy.

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2013

We describe an extremely rare case of pulmonary abscess caused by fish bone which stabbed the lung from transesophageal route. A 60-year-old woman referred to our hospital complaining of fever. Three days before, she had swallowing pain while eating the bony parts of a fish. An examination on admission showed that C-reactive protein (CRP) is 9.70 mg/dl. Chest computed tomography (CT)revealed, 4 cm mass shadow in the right upper lobe and fish bone material in the mass shadow. Esophagography showed no abnormal findings. Right upper lobectomy was performed under the diagnosis of pulmonary abscess by fish bone. Post operative course was uneventful. The cause was suspected of migration of a fish bone into the right upper lobe via mediasinum and thoracic cavity from esophagus.

Oishi K.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Mimura-Kimura Y.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Miyasho T.,Rakuno Gakuen University | Aoe K.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | And 6 more authors.
Cytokine | Year: 2013

Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) is characterized by severe worsening dyspnea of unknown etiology and high mortality without effective treatment. Recently, direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B (PMX)-immobilized fiber cartridge (PMX-DHP) has been reported to improve pulmonary oxygenation and survival in patients with AE-IPF although its mechanism of action remains unknown. To gain insights into the pathobiology of AE-IPF through the beneficial effects of PMX-DHP, we analyzed the profile of cytokines adsorbed onto PMX-fibers used in 9 AE-IPF patients. In addition, the sera of these AE-IPF patients collected immediately before and after PMX-DHP, 9 stable IPF patients and 8 healthy individuals were also analyzed. The serum levels of cytokines including IL-9, IL-12, IL-17, PDGF and VEGF were significantly decreased immediately after PMX-DHP (P<. 0.02), and VEGF and IL-12 were most prominently reduced. In addition to PDGF and VEGF, IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-8, IL-23, FGF basic, GM-CSF, IP-10, RANTES and TGF-β were eluted from used PMX-fibers. Interestingly, improved pulmonary oxygenation after PMX-DHP was correlated well with the quantities of eluted VEGF. These results suggest that adsorption of proinflammatory, profibrotic and proangiogenic cytokines onto PMX-fibers is one of the mechanisms of action of PMX-DHP in AE-IPF. Notably, removal of VEGF by PMX-DHP may contribute to the rapid improvement in oxygenation by suppressing vascular permeability in the lung. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Tao H.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Mimura Y.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Aoe K.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Kobayashi S.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | And 6 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2012

Expression of the transcription factor FOXP3 characterizes regulatory T cells (Tregs) that engage in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis. Intra-tumoral accumulation of Tregs is associated with unfavorable prognosis in several kinds of cancers. Recently, expression of FOXP3 and its association with prognosis have also been shown in some cancer cells in clinical studies. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, prognostic significance of tumor FOXP3 expression and its relationship with Tregs remain unknown. FOXP3 expression in cancer cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was examined by immunohistochemical staining of surgical specimens from 87 patients with NSCLC. Prognostic values of the tumor-infiltrating Treg count and tumor FOXP3 expression status were evaluated retrospectively. FOXP3-positive cancer cells were observed in 27 of 87 (31.0%) patients. There was no significant relationship between Treg count and tumor FOXP3 status. Increased Treg counts were associated with worse overall and relapse-free survival whereas the influence of tumor FOXP3 status on survival was not significant. However, when FOXP3-positive cancer cells were present, the relationship between Treg accumulation and worse prognosis was attenuated. In contrast, patients without tumor FOXP3 expression and high Treg count had significantly worse overall and relapse-free survival (hazard ratio: 3.118 and 3.325, p= 0.028 and 0.024, respectively) than other groups. These results suggest that tumor FOXP3 expression has a better prognostic potential in NSCLC and that in combination with tumor-infiltrating Treg count the absence of tumor FOXP3 allows the selection of high-risk patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Ueda K.,Yamaguchi University | Hayashi M.,Yamaguchi University | Tanaka N.,Yamaguchi University | Tanaka T.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Hamano K.,Yamaguchi University
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2014

The function of the remaining lungs after major lung resection may be a determinant of the early postoperative outcome, as well as the late postoperative quality of life of the patient. Thus, extensive efforts have been made to accurately estimate the postoperative pulmonary function using a variety of methods: the segment counting method is utilized in patients without parenchymal diseases, while the functional lung imaging technique may be useful in patients with heterogeneous anatomical lung diseases. The postoperative pulmonary function is influenced not only by the extent of parenchymal resection, but also by various other factors, such as the site of resection, the mode of thoracotomy, the severity of pulmonary emphysema and/or the postoperative progression of pulmonary fibrosis. Although thoracoscopic surgery or segmental resection can lessen the extent of chest wall damage or the extent of parenchymal resection compared with conventional operations, the resulting functional benefits do not last. Interestingly, the postoperative pulmonary function continues to improve during the first postoperative year as if the remaining lungs grow, although the cause(s) of this compensatory response of the remaining lungs remains unclear. Such an ability of the remaining lung to compensate for the lost lung function may eventually determine the late postoperative pulmonary function. © 2013 The Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery.

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2010

A 79-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of swallowing disturbance. Chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) scan revealed 7 x 6 cm cystic shadow in posterior mediastinum. We diagnosed that swallowing disturbance caused by pericardial cyst. Cysticotmy was performed. Three days after operation, chylothorax occurred. Conservative therapy was not effective, we performed re-operation 28 days later from the 1st operation. There was aperture of thoracic duct inside of cyst, and thoracic duct was ligated. After the 2nd operation, chylothorax was cured.

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to reveal the clinicopathological feature of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) producing lung cancer. Nine cases of G-CSF producing lung cancer from July 2003 to July 2008 were retrospectively evaluated. All cases were male, 8 cases were poorly differentiated carcinoma. Average of leucocyte and serum G-CSF were 23,378/microl and 128.6 pg/ml respectively. Five cases had febrile symptom, average of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was 13.37 mg/dl. Immunohistological examination showed positive staining for G-CSF in 6 cases. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) level was elevated in 3 cases. Clinical stages were IB in 2, IIB in 2, IIIA in 3 and IIIB in 2 patients. Chemotherapy was performed for patients with stage IIIB. Operation was performed for the other cases. Five cases were died within 12 months, whereas 4 cases are surviving for 6 to 16 months. Generally, the prognosis of G-CSF producing lung cancer seems to be poor, but in our institute there were 2 cases who lived over 1 year without disease. It is important to establish more effective adjuvant therapy for G-CSF producing tumor.

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