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Ueda K.,Yamaguchi University | Hayashi M.,Yamaguchi University | Tanaka T.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | Hamano K.,Yamaguchi University
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2013

Objectives: Absorbable mesh and fibrin glue applied to prevent alveolar air leakage contribute to reducing the length of chest tube drainage, length of hospitalization and the rate of pulmonary complications. This study investigated the feasibility of omitting chest tube drainage in selected patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection. Methods: Intraoperative air leakages were sealed with fibrin glue and absorbable mesh in patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection. The chest tube was removed just after tracheal extubation if no air leakages were detected in a suction-induced air leakage test, which is an original technique to confirm pneumostasis. Patients with bleeding tendency or extensive thoracic adhesions were excluded. Results: Chest tube drainage was omitted in 29 (58%) of 50 eligible patients and was used in 21 (42%) on the basis of suction-induced air leakage test results. Male gender and compromised pulmonary function were significantly associated with the failure to omit chest tube drainage (both, P < 0.05). Regardless of omitting the chest tube drainage, there were no adverse events during hospitalization, such as subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, pleural effusion or haemothorax, requiring subsequent drainage. Furthermore, there was no prolonged air leakage in any patients: The mean length of chest tube drainage was only 0.9 days. Omitting the chest tube drainage was associated with reduced pain on the day of the operation (P = 0.046). Conclusions: The refined strategy for pneumostasis allowed the omission of chest tube drainage in the majority of patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection without increasing the risk of adverse events, which may contribute to a fast-track surgery. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. Source

Goto K.,National Cancer Center Hospital East | Nishio M.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Yamamoto N.,National Cancer Center Hospital | Chikamori K.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center | And 8 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2013

Introduction: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitor erlotinib is associated with survival benefits in patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This phase II, single-arm study examined the efficacy and safety of first-line erlotinib in Japanese patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Methods: Eligible patients received erlotinib 150. mg/day until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Results: A high degree of concordance was observed between different mutation testing methodologies, suggesting feasibility of early, rapid detection of EGFR mutations. Median PFS was 11.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.7-15.3) at data cut-off (1 June 2012) (n= 102). Exon 19 deletions seemed to be associated with longer PFS compared with L858R mutations; T790M mutations were tentatively linked with shorter PFS. The safety profile was as expected: rash (any grade; 83%) and diarrhea (any grade; 81%) were most common. Six interstitial lung disease (ILD)-like cases were reported, and 5 were confirmed as ILD-like events by the extramural committee. Two patients died of treatment-related pneumonitis (JAPIC Clinical Trials Information number: Japic CTI-101085). Conclusion: Erlotinib should be considered for first-line treatment in this subset of Japanese patients, with close monitoring for ILD-like events. © 2013 The Authors. Source

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2010

Pulmonary hamartoma is most common benign tumor of the lung and is not recognised as having a character of malignant transformation. So, longtime radiological observation is not uncommon for patients with diagnosis of pulmonary hamartoma from computed tomography (CT) finding. Although pulmonary hamartoma does not transform to malignancy, high frequency of coexistence hamartoma and lung cancer has been reported. We experienced 14 cases of resected pulmonary hamartoma, and 3 of them had lung cancer, showing that 21.4% of pulmonary hamartoma coexisted with lung cancer. Patients with pulmonary hamartoma should undergo sufficient evaluations for malignancy. Source

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2010

A 79-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of swallowing disturbance. Chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) scan revealed 7 x 6 cm cystic shadow in posterior mediastinum. We diagnosed that swallowing disturbance caused by pericardial cyst. Cysticotmy was performed. Three days after operation, chylothorax occurred. Conservative therapy was not effective, we performed re-operation 28 days later from the 1st operation. There was aperture of thoracic duct inside of cyst, and thoracic duct was ligated. After the 2nd operation, chylothorax was cured. Source

Matsuda E.,Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to reveal the clinicopathological feature of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) producing lung cancer. Nine cases of G-CSF producing lung cancer from July 2003 to July 2008 were retrospectively evaluated. All cases were male, 8 cases were poorly differentiated carcinoma. Average of leucocyte and serum G-CSF were 23,378/microl and 128.6 pg/ml respectively. Five cases had febrile symptom, average of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was 13.37 mg/dl. Immunohistological examination showed positive staining for G-CSF in 6 cases. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) level was elevated in 3 cases. Clinical stages were IB in 2, IIB in 2, IIIA in 3 and IIIB in 2 patients. Chemotherapy was performed for patients with stage IIIB. Operation was performed for the other cases. Five cases were died within 12 months, whereas 4 cases are surviving for 6 to 16 months. Generally, the prognosis of G-CSF producing lung cancer seems to be poor, but in our institute there were 2 cases who lived over 1 year without disease. It is important to establish more effective adjuvant therapy for G-CSF producing tumor. Source

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