Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center

Hōfu, Japan

Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center

Hōfu, Japan
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Takahashi T.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center
Uirusu | Year: 2015

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne infectious disease caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV), a novel phlebovirus reported to be endemic to China in 2011. In Japan, the first SFTS patient was identified during the autumn of 2012; since then, over 100 SFTS patients have been reported. The SFTSV has been identified throughout Japan over the past two years; however, SFTS patients are specifically localized to western Japan. The clinical symptoms of SFTS include fever, thrombocytopenia, leukocytopenia, gastrointestinal symptoms, and various other symptoms, including muscular symptoms, neurological abnormalities, and coagulopathy. SFTS is often accompanied by hemophagocytic syndrome. The histopathological findings are characterized by necrotizing lymphadenitis, with infiltration of the virus-infected cells to the local lymph nodes. Pathophysiological analyses of SFTS include studies regarding the kinetics of cytokine production and immune responses in patients with SFTS and in SFTSV-infection animal models. This article aimed to survey the history of SFTS in Japan and to review the clinical, epidemiological, and virological aspects of SFTS and SFTSV infection.

Matsubara T.,Yamaguchi University | Matsuo K.,Yamaguchi University | Nakashima M.,Yamaguchi University | Nakano M.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
NeuroImage | Year: 2014

Abnormal emotional processing is involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). However, whether the neural mechanism underlying this deficit is a trait characteristic of BD and MDD is unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the similarities and differences in processing of emotional stimuli between patients with BD and MDD in remission, using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Thirty-two patients (16 with BD and 16 with MDD) and 20 healthy control subjects matched for age, sex, handedness, and years of education were included. An emotional Stroop task, including happy, sad, and threat words, was used. The relative oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration ([oxy-Hb] and [deoxy-Hb]) changes in the frontal region were measured using 52-channels of NIRS. During the threat task, compared to healthy control subjects, patients with BD showed significantly increased [oxy-Hb] in the left inferior frontal region whereas patients with MDD showed significantly increased [oxy-Hb] in the left middle frontal region. During the happy task, compared to healthy control subjects, patients with BD showed significantly decreased [oxy-Hb] in the middle frontal region in both hemispheres. Moreover, patients with BD exhibited decreased [oxy-Hb] and increased [deoxy-Hb] in the superior frontal and middle frontal regions compared to MDD in response to the happy stimulus. No significant differences in [oxy-Hb] or [deoxy-Hb] were seen between the groups during the sad task. These results suggest that abnormal neural responses to emotional stimuli in patients with mood disorders in remission may be a trait characteristic, that negative emotional stimuli are associated with similar prefrontal responses, and that positive emotional stimuli are associated with different prefrontal responses in patients with BD and MDD. These findings indicate that different neural circuits play a role in emotional processing in BD and MDD; this may aid the elucidation of the pathophysiology of these two disorders. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Nakano M.,Yamaguchi University | Nakano M.,Katakura Hospital | Matsuo K.,Yamaguchi University | Nakashima M.,Yamaguchi University | And 6 more authors.
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2014

Background: Reduced motivation and blunted decision-making are key features of major depressive disorder (MDD). Patients with MDD show abnormal decision-making when given negative feedback regarding a reward. The brain mechanisms underpinning this behavior remain unclear. In the present study, we examined the association between rapid decision-making with negative feedback and brain volume in MDD. Methods: Thirty-six patients with MDD and 54 age-, sex- and IQ-matched healthy subjects were studied. Subjects performed a rapid decision-making monetary task in which participants could make high- or low-risk choices. We compared between the 2 groups the probability that a high-risk choice followed negative feedback. In addition, we used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to compare between group differences in gray matter volume, and the correlation between the probability for high-risk choices and brain volume. Results: Compared to the healthy group, the MDD group showed significantly lower probabilities for high-risk choices following negative feedback. VBM analysis revealed that the MDD group had less gray matter volume in the right medial prefrontal cortex and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) compared to the healthy group. The right OFC volume was negatively correlated with the probability that a high-risk choice followed negative feedback in patients with MDD. We did not observe these trends in healthy subjects. Conclusions: Patients with MDD show reduced motivation for monetary incentives when they were required to make rapid decisions following negative feedback. We observed a correlation between this reduced motivation and gray matter volume in the medial and ventral prefrontal cortex, which suggests that these brain regions are likely involved in the pathophysiology of aberrant decision-making in MDD. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Nishimura J.-I.,Osaka University | Yamamoto M.,Osaka University | Hayashi S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Ohyashiki K.,Tokyo Medical University | And 19 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Eculizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets complement protein C5 and inhibits terminal complement-mediated hemolysis associated with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). The molecular basis for the poor response to eculizumab in a small population of Japanese patients is unclear. METHODS: We assessed the sequences of the gene encoding C5 in patients with PNH who had either a good or poor response to eculizumab. We also evaluated the functional properties of C5 as it was encoded in these patients. RESULTS: Of 345 Japanese patients with PNH who received eculizumab, 11 patients had a poor response. All 11 had a single missense C5 heterozygous mutation, c.2654G→A, which predicts the polymorphism p.Arg885His. The prevalence of this mutation among the patients with PNH (3.2%) was similar to that among healthy Japanese persons (3.5%). This polymorphism was also identified in a Han Chinese population. A patient in Argentina of Asian ancestry who had a poor response had a very similar mutation, c.2653C→T, which predicts p.Arg885Cys. Nonmutant and mutant C5 both caused hemolysis in vitro, but only nonmutant C5 bound to and was blocked by eculizumab. In vitro hemolysis due to nonmutant and mutant C5 was completely blocked with the use of N19-8, a monoclonal antibody that binds to a different site on C5 than does eculizumab. CONCLUSIONS: The functional capacity of C5 variants with mutations at Arg885, together with their failure to undergo blockade by eculizumab, account for the poor response to this agent in patients who carry these mutations. (Funded by Alexion Pharmaceuticals and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare of Japan.) Copyright © 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society.

Anda T.,Shunan Memorial Hospital | Honda M.,Shunan Memorial Hospital | Ishihara T.,Tokuyama Medical Association Hospital | Kamei T.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center
Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica | Year: 2014

The authors describe a male patient who developed a large intracranial meningioma during the hormone therapy for pre-existing prostate cancer. A 70-year-old man received a brain check-up, and no intracranial abnormality was detected. Five months later, prostate cancer was diagnosed, and he underwent prostatectomy. Leuprorelin acetate, a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist, was subsequently administered to the patient once a month for 3 years. After that he presented with a large parasagittal mass, which was excised. The tumor was histologically diagnosed as meningothelial menin-gioma, and LH-RH receptors were verified immunohistochemically in the cytoplasm of the tumor cells. Leuprorelin acetate may accelerate the rapid growth of meningioma in this patient.

Suzuki K.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2013

A 34-year-old man experienced lower limb ischemia due to tumor emboli as an initial symptom. Histopathologic examination of the embolic material revealed undifferentiated sarcoma. By echocardiography the original tumor was arising from the posterior mitral leaflet, and therefore, excision of the mitral valve resulted in complete resection of the sarcoma. Mitral valve replacement was performed, and his postoperative course was uneventful. He did not receive postoperative adjuvant therapy. The patient has been undergoing positron emission tomography and electrocardiography on an outpatient basis to check for signs of recurrence. However, no signs of recurrence have been detected for 7 years postoperatively, and the patient leads an active life.

Takahashi T.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2013

Herein, we report the case of a 28-year-old man with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL). The patient received induction chemotherapy, including imatinib (IM) therapy, which required early cessation because of a severe infection. After the resolution of the infection, general flaccid paralysis was observed, which was diagnosed as critical illness myopathy (CIM). Ph(+)ALL showed molecular remission (MR) on day 42. We intended to maintain MR with only IM therapy for several months until the improvement of CIM; however, owing to the patient's intolerance to IM, therapy was changed to dasatinib. Because the symptoms of myopathy gradually improved and disappeared completely, the patient was able to undergo one course of intensive chemotherapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-matched sibling donor, 8 months after admission (7 months after the re-administration of IM). Thus, this case report suggests that a tyrosine kinase inhibitor is an alternative therapy for maintaining the response of Ph(+)ALL patients who refrain from conventional chemotherapy.

Fukutomi M.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center | Kario K.,Jichi Medical University
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy | Year: 2010

Aging is known to be a dominant risk factor in the progression of hypertension. Thus, accompanied by an increasing mean age of the population in developed countries, prevention and management of hypertension in the elderly is a task of pressing urgency. Age-associated blood pressure elevation is a result of the aging process in organ systems, which play a key role in the regulation of blood pressure. In addition, advanced aging of the cardiovascular system contributes to the presence of a varied phenotype in elderly hypertension, such as nocturnal hypertension and morning hypertension. Therefore, in order to detect and treat age-associated hypertension appropriately, it is important to assess ambulatory blood pressure monitoring throughout the 24-h period. © 2010 Expert Reviews Ltd.

Yoshihara S.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Ando T.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center | Ogawa H.,Hyogo College of Medicine
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2012

Acute myeloid leukemia may manifest as myeloid sarcoma in a variety of extramedullary (EM) tissues at diagnosis or at relapse. Although EM relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) has been considered to be rare, recent studies have suggested that it occurs in 5% to 12% of patients who receive alloSCT, accounting for 7% to 46% of total relapses. The incidence of EM relapse after immunomodulation (eg, donor lymphocyte infusion) or a second SCT is even higher. Moreover, patients with EM relapse are more likely to have had preceding acute graft-versus-host disease or chronic graft-versus-host disease relative to those with bone marrow relapse. Collectively, these observations suggest that the preferential occurrence of the graft-versus-leukemia effect underlies the pathogenesis of EM relapse. Establishing an early diagnosis of EM relapse has been challenging because of the immense diversity in the relapse sites; however, recent studies have suggested the usefulness of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scans in the detection of EM relapse. As a treatment for EM relapse, a combination of local and systemic therapy should be considered, because local therapy alone often results in subsequent systemic relapse. The prognosis for patients who develop EM relapse after SCT remains poor but is slightly better than that after bone marrow relapse. In addition to an early diagnosis with new modalities, clinical studies using new agents that may offer systemic activity while preserving the graft-versus-leukemia effect are warranted as part of an effort to improve the clinical outcome. © 2012 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Shigeoka T.,Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2013

An 89-year-old woman presented to our hospital with hemolytic anemia and a high titer of cold agglutinins. Red cell agglutination was observed on a blood smear. Agglutination visibly decreased after warming the blood; therefore, the patient was diagnosed with cold agglutinin disease (CAD). Bone marrow aspiration revealed no infiltration of malignant cells. Computed tomography indicated moderate splenomegaly. The patient had neither an infection nor autoimmune disease. Initial steroid therapy was ineffective and hemolysis worsened. Meanwhile, thrombocytopenia, delirium, fever, and schistocytes in the blood were observed. The progression of hemolysis was attributed not only to CAD but also to coexisting thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) because of the decreased ADAMTS 13 level. Autopsy revealed mild paraaortic lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. Microscopic examination revealed lymphoma cell infiltration in the spleen, liver, bone marrow, and paraaortic lymph nodes. These observations suggested that TTP and CAD were both secondary complications. This case highlights the importance of an autopsy for the detection of latent lymphoma, which can be difficult to diagnose before the patient's death. Careful examination to exclude lymphomas is important in patients with CAD at the time of diagnosis.

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