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Yalova, Turkey

Yildar M.,Balikesir University | Cavdar F.,Yalova State Hospital | Yildiz M.K.,Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2013

Purpose. The use of an S-type oblique excision with a bilateral gluteus maximus advancement flap has recently been described for the surgical treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus (SPS). Its use in wide lesions has been limited due to the need for a full-thickness flap. We describe the use of an S-type oblique incision together with the Dufourmentel flap in wide lesions. Method. Twenty-one patients were treated using a technique including an S-shaped oblique excision of the sinus tract and a broad-pedicled full-thickness flap resembling a Dufourmentel flap to close the defect. Results. Of the 21 patients, 19 (90.5%) were male and 2 (9.5%) were female. Their mean age was 24.0 ± 6.1 (range 15-36) years. The mean follow-up period was 14.0 ± 5.8 (range 6-23) months. The postoperative complication rate was 4.8% (one patient), and recurrence was seen in one patient (4.8%). The mean return-to-work time was 13.5 ± 1.9 (range 10-18) days. None of the patients reported dissatisfaction with the cosmetic results. Conclusions. This new technique achieved low morbidity and recurrence rates. We anticipate that this will become an important technique in the surgical treatment of SPS if the observed success is confirmed by randomized prospective trials. © 2013 Murat Yildar et al.

Sincer I.,Gaziantep State Hospital | Zorlu A.,Cumhuriyet University | Yilmaz M.B.,Cumhuriyet University | Dogan O.T.,Cumhuriyet University | And 5 more authors.
Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care | Year: 2012

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressively debilitating disease limiting patients' survival. The prognosis of COPD worsens with the addition of right ventricular (RV) failure. Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of variability in the size of circulating erythrocytes, and is a powerful predictor of outcomes in patients with both chronic and acute left heart failure. Here we attempted to test whether RDW could provide an early marker of RV failure in patients with COPD. Methods: Thirty-nine consecutive patients with COPD were enrolled in the study. All patients had at least 10 years' history of COPD, and all were treated appropriately. Thirty-nine age-matched and sex-matched individuals were enrolled for comparison. Red cell distribution width was obtained in all patients before transthoracic echocardiography. Right ventricular parameters were evaluated, and RV failure was identified via lateral tricuspid annulus longitudinal motion and systolic-tissue Doppler velocity, using transthoracic echocardiography. Results: Patients with COPD had significantly higher RDW values compared with control subjects (patients with COPD, mean ± SD, 16.1 ± 2.5; range, 12.3 to 23.3; control subjects, mean ± SD, 13.6 ± 1.3; range, 11.7 to 18.3; P < .001). In multivariable logistic regression, the presence of high RDW was the only parameter independently predicting RV failure in patients with COPD (odds ratio, 2.098; P = .017). Levels of RDW, obtained before echocardiography, predicted the presence of RV failure with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 93.1%, with a cutoff value of >17.7. Conclusion: Red cell distribution width may be used to identify COPD patients with RV failure. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Cavdar F.,Yalova State Hospital | Yildar M.,Balikesir University | Tellioglu G.,Gaziosmanpasa Private Hospital | Kara M.,Haydarpasa Training and Research Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Pancreatology | Year: 2014

Objectives: The majority of bile duct stones (BDS) that cause acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) pass spontaneously into the duodenum. If not passed, they worsen the prognosis or cause recurrence. Therefore, they must be treated. The purpose of this study was to assess the number and timing of spontaneous passage of BDS using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and to determine the effect of this approach on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Methods: Sixty patients diagnosed with ABP were evaluated prospectively. MRCP was performed between the 1st and 4th days of an acute attack in all the patients. A control MRCP was performed after 7 days in patients with MRCP-identified choledocholithiasis. Patients in whom BDS were visible on imaging or who showed no decrease in bilirubin or cholestasis enzymes underwent ERCP. Results: MRCP revealed choledocholithiasis in 20 (33%) of the 60 patients. In the control MRCP imaging, choledocholithiasis was detected in 16 of 20 (80% of those who had stone initially) patients. ERCP was performed in these patients and in 2 patients who did not have BDS on the control MRCP but whose bilirubin values and cholestatic enzyme levels had not decreased. ERCP verified choledocholithiasis in 16 of the 18 patients. The positive predictive value of MRCP was 93.7% (15/16). Conclusions: MRCP performed in the second week in ABP patients with a nonworsening prognosis and a suspicion of choledocholithiasis will give more specific results. This will avoid unnecessary ERCP and the potential morbidity and mortality that can develop with this invasive procedure. © 2014 IAP and EPC.

Karsidag S.,Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital | Ozkaya O.,Yalova State Hospital | Kayali M.U.,Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital | Dogan H.,E sitopatoloji Cytology and Pathology Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2010

In reconstructive surgery, many autograft/allograft/xenograft and synthetic materials are being used for repairing congenital or acquired tissue and skeletal deformities. Compatibility of the graft or the material to the tissue, the risk or rejection, toxicity, and morbidity affect the preference.With the aim of searching the usability of human cadaver nail being used as xenograft instead of cartilage graft on small and composite defects, 60 rats were separated into 3 groups, each of which was composed of 20 rats. One hundred twenty nail samples of 1 × 1-cm size, whose epithelium tissue was shaved 2-sided, were prepared for the purpose of placing 2 of them into the back of rats. They were placed under the dorsal skin of rats as naked in the first group, as fascia-wrapped in the second group, and as amnion membrane-wrapped in the third group. It has been stated as a result of the pathologic surveys performed in 2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks from rats in all groups that all the nails were available; acute and chronic inflammatory signs that were observed in early stages regressed, and in late stages, histopathologic signs of all groups were similar.Nail has some advantages such as being cost-effective, being easy to obtain, and having less rejection risk for being composed of dead cells. Application of nail xenograft eroded 2-sided can be taken into account instead of cartilage graft in small-size areas needing support tissue. Copyright © 2010 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Zorlu A.,Cumhuriyet University | Yucel H.,Cumhuriyet University | Bektasoglu G.,Uzunkopru State Hospital | Turkdogan K.A.,Cumhuriyet University | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: Increased γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) level is associated with increased oxidative stress, all-cause mortality, the development of cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome. However, its role in acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between GGT and early mortality in patients with acute PE. Methods: A total of 127 consecutive patients with confirmed PE were evaluated. The optimal cutoff value of GGT to predict early mortality was measured as more than 55 IU/L with 94.4% sensitivity and 66.1% specificity. Patients with acute PE were categorized prospectively as having no increased (group I) or increased (group II) GGT based on a cutoff value. Results: Of these 127 patients, 18 patients (14.2%) died during follow-up. Among these 18 patients, 1 (1.4%) patient was in group I, and 17 (30.9%) patients were in group II (P <.001). γ-Glutamyl transferase level on admission, presence of shock, heart rate, oxygen saturation, right ventricular dilatation/hypokinesia, main pulmonary artery involvement, troponin I, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and creatinine levels were found to have prognostic significance in univariate analysis. In the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, GGT level on admission (hazard ratio [HR], 1.015; P =.017), presence of shock (HR, 15.124; P =.005), age (HR, 1.107; P =.010), and heart rate (HR, 1.101; P =.032) remained associated with an increased risk of acute PE-related early mortality after the adjustment of other potential confounders. Conclusions: We have shown that a high GGT level is associated with worse hemodynamic parameters, and it seems that GGT helps risk stratification in patients with acute PE. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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