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Li Y.,Shandong Agricultural University | Li L.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhang X.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhang K.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
Euphytica | Year: 2017

Main stem height (MSH) and the first lateral branch length (LBL) of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) are important traits affecting plant shape and yield. Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) related to these two traits, the prediction and cloning of candidate genes, and identification of plant height-related molecular markers are the basis for analysis of the molecular genetic mechanism of plant shape in peanut. In this study, a population of 151 recombinant inbred lines from a single seed, derived from a cross between variety 79266 (P1) and its variant progeny D893 (P2), was used to construct a peanut genetic map. The map consisted of 231 simple sequence repeat markers in 23 linkage groups, had a total length of 905.18 cM with average and minimum marker intervals of 3.92 and 0.1 cM, respectively. There were 11 and 16 QTLs detected in six environments for MSH and LBH with 6.26–22.53 and 5.89–21.63% phenotypic variation explained (PVE), respectively. Seven QTLs were detected in two or more environments: 3 QTLs for MSH (including Qmsh-14-3) with 7.66–22.53% PVE, and 4 QTLs for LBL (including Qllb-11-1) with 6.12–21.63% PVE. Qmsh-14-3 was steadily detected in five environments, localized between two markers, ARS376 and SEQ4G02, exhibited a genetic distance of 0.59–2.59 and 4.11–6.11 cM from the two markers, respectively. Qllb-11-1 was steadily detected in five environments, localized between two markers, ARS203 and AHS1413, exhibited a genetic distance of 1.06–3.06 and 0.23–2.23 cM from the two markers, respectively. There were 220 germplasm accessions used to detect the relationship between genotype and phenotypic values of traits at the marker loci ARS376 and SEQ4G02, average values of MSH and LBL were significantly higher for germplasm with the P1 compared to the P2 genotype. Determination of the marker loci ARS203 and AHS1413 indicated that average values of LBL were greater in germplasm with the P1 than the P2 genotype. The results provide references for fine mapping of QTLs for MSH and LBL, as well as breeding optimum plant-types in peanut. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Yan S.,Anhui Science and Technology University | Dai Z.,Dezhou University | Chen X.,Xuzhou Institute of Agricultural Science | Yang B.,Anhui Science and Technology University | And 4 more authors.
Plant, Soil and Environment | Year: 2016

Two wheat cultivars (Gaocheng8901 and Yumai50) grown were used to investigate the effect of sulphur fertilizer on the glutenin macropolymer (GMP) size distribution and the contents of glutenin subunits in wheat. The results showed that the contents of GMP, high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) and low molecular weight glutenin subunit (LMW-GS) were improved by sulphur fertilizer under lower nitrogen (N) condition in both cultivars. Under normal N (240 kg N/ha) conditions, sulphur application improved the contents of HMW-GS, LMW-GS and GMP within sulphur rates from 30–60 kg/ha, while decreased when sulphur rate of 90 kg/ha. The volume percentage of GMP particles < 60 μm decreased within sulphur rates from 30–90 kg/ha under lower N treatments. Under normal N condition, the volume percentage of GMP particles > 60 μm increased within the sulphur rates from 30–60 kg/ha, while decreased when excessive sulphur of 90 kg/ha was applied. It is suggested that appropriate sulphur fertilizer was favourable for the formation of large GMP particles, but too much of it was unfavourable under normal nitrogen condition. Sulphur fertilizer did not significantly affect the number distribution of GMP particles in both cultivars. The volume percentage of GMP particles > 60 μm was positively correlated with H/LMW-GS (the ratio of HMW-GS and LMW-GS) and GMP content. It indicated that larger GMP particles had more the ratio of HMW-GS and LMW-GS. And the higher the proportion of larger particles, the higher the content of GMP in wheat grain. © 2015 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences. All rights reserved.

Wei M.,Xuzhou Institute of Agricultural science | Wei M.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhang A.,Xuzhou Institute of Agricultural science | Li H.,Xuzhou Institute of Agricultural science | And 2 more authors.
HortScience | Year: 2015

Nitrogen (N) is an essential macronutrient limiting plant growth and quality of leaf-vegetable sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas Lam). The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of N deficiency and re-supply on growth, physiology, and amino acids in sweetpotato. Two leaf-vegetable sweetpotato cultivars, Pushu 53 and Tainong 71, were subjected to three treatments in hydro-culture: 1) N sufficiency, 2) N deficiency, and 3) N deficiency and subsequently with N re-supply. Compared with N sufficiency, N deficiency caused a decrease in vine growth, carotenoid and chlorophyll content (Chlt), root viability, photosynthesis, and nitrate reductase (NR) activity in both cultivars, but to a great extent in Tainong 71. Whereas N deficiency increased root growth and glutamine synthetase (GS) activity in both cultivars, and the increase in ‘Tainong 71’ was more obvious. Re-supply of N recovered the vine growth, root viability, Chlt, photosynthesis, NR, and GS activity, to a greater extent for ‘Pushu 53’ than for ‘Tainong 71’. N deficiency significantly decreased essential amino acids, including lysine, phenylalanince, isoleucine, tryptophane, leucine, and valine contents and nonessential amino acids, consisting of glutamic acid, aspartic acid, glycine, argnine, and proline content in both cultivars. These results indicated that the light leaf color leafy sweetpotato ‘Tainong 71’ is sensitive to the N availability and the dark green leaf color ‘Pushu 53’ is more tolerant to low N, which appear to reflect the differential response of two cultivars to their different adaptability to N availability. © 2015, American Society for Horticultural Science. All rights reserced.

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