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Zhou M.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital | Li B.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital | Kong M.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2015

The objective is to study the effects of flurbiprofen axetil (FA) with fentanyl together in postoperative controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) on pain intensity, cytokine levels in peripheral blood and adverse reactions of thoracotomy patients. Fifty thoracotomy patients were divided into a FA and a control group, each with 25 cases. Postoperative analgesia was administered in the two groups using PCIA. The pressing times of analgesia pump, the visual analog scale (VAS) scores during resting and coughing at 2, 6, 24, 48, 72 h after surgery and the incidence of adverse drug reactions were recorded. Levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-2, and TNF-α in peripheral blood were determined before the administration of FA (T0), and at 24 h (T1), 48 h (T2), 72 h (T3) after surgery. The analgesia pump pressing times in the FA group was less than that of the control group. The VAS scores during resting and coughing at 2, 6, 24, 48, 72 h after surgery, were statistically less than those of control group. The incidence rate of nausea and vomiting was insignificantly different between the two groups. Administration of FA together with PCIA in thoracotomy patients can improve postoperative analgesia. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Ding N.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital | Zhou N.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital | Zhou M.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital | Ren G.-M.,Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Cancer is the major public health problem worldwide, irrespective of the socio-economic status of the countries. Even though the overall mortality from cancer is higher in the western countries, the cancer burden is on the rise in under-developed countries, with a projected 81-100% increase by 2030, mostly due to pollution and tobacco use. Respiratory cancers affect the lung, larynx, trachea, and bronchus and depending on the location of the cancer, the symptoms change and also the risks, incidence and survival outcomes differ accordingly. Besides tobacco use, chronic exposure to household pollution is known to be associated with elevated risk of lung cancer and other cancers. Women and children living in severe poverty in the underdeveloped countries are exposed most to household air pollution and, thus, suffer its consequences maximally, and household air pollution, specifically arising from solid fuel burning, which accounts for nearly 4 million deaths throughout the world annually. Cancers affecting the respiratory tract, including both nasopharyngeal cancer and lung cancer, are strongly associated with pollution from coal and other solid fuel burning. Lung cancer, which is of two types, small cell lung carcinoma and the non-small cell lung cancer, is the most common and fatal cancer. Even though tobacco has been viewed as the major risk for respiratory cancers, it is now evident that household pollution, exposure to asbestos, chromium and arsenic etc, all pose a significant risk for respiratory cancers. Preventive steps to curtail the many sources of air pollution by improving living conditions and reducing the occupational exposure hazards like welding, industrial work etc., are markedly needed to control the incidence of respiratory cancers.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital and Nantong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell biochemistry and biophysics | Year: 2016

The aim of the study was to explore the effect of PSD-93 deficiency on the expression of early inflammatory cytokines induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Ten- to twelve-week-old male PSD-93 knockout (PSD-93 KO) mice (C57BL/6 genetic background) and wild-type (WT) littermates were randomly divided into sham and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group. The focal cerebral I/R model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) suture method. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-10, Cox-2, iNOS, and TNF-4h following reperfusion. Infarct volume at different time points after I/R was analyzed using 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium staining, and neurological damage score (neurological severity scores, NSS) was used to evaluate the effect of PSD-93 gene knockout on the MCAO-induced neurological injury. In WT mice, early I/R injury led to the increase in the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, Cox-2, iNOS, and TNF- that coincided with the decrease in the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, as compared to the sham group (P<0.05). This effect was markedly attenuated by depleting PSD-93 levels by gene knockout. As compared to sham group, in PSD-93 KO mice I/R4h led to downregulation of Cox-2 and iNOS expression, and increase in the mRNA levels of IL-10 (P<0.05). In addition, following MCAO, PSD-93 KO mice exhibited improved NSS and reduced infarct volumes, as compared with WT animals. PSD-93 knockout may play a neuroprotective role by mediating the early release of inflammatory cytokines induced by cerebral ischemia.


PubMed | Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: Controlled Clinical Trial | Journal: Cell biochemistry and biophysics | Year: 2016

The objective is to study the effects of flurbiprofen axetil (FA) with fentanyl together in postoperative controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) on pain intensity, cytokine levels in peripheral blood and adverse reactions of thoracotomy patients. Fifty thoracotomy patients were divided into a FA and a control group, each with 25 cases. Postoperative analgesia was administered in the two groups using PCIA. The pressing times of analgesia pump, the visual analog scale (VAS) scores during resting and coughing at 2, 6, 24, 48, 72h after surgery and the incidence of adverse drug reactions were recorded. Levels of IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-2, and TNF- in peripheral blood were determined before the administration of FA (T0), and at 24h (T1), 48h (T2), 72h (T3) after surgery. The analgesia pump pressing times in the FA group was less than that of the control group. The VAS scores during resting and coughing at 2, 6, 24, 48, 72h after surgery, were statistically less than those of control group. The incidence rate of nausea and vomiting was insignificantly different between the two groups. Administration of FA together with PCIA in thoracotomy patients can improve postoperative analgesia.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University and Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of medical genetics. Part A | Year: 2016

Located at 15q22 a susceptibility region for nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (NSOC), TPM1 encodes a group of highly conserved ubiquitous actin-binding proteins involved in the muscle contraction and cytoskeleton organization. Considering the multiple functions of TPM1 gene, we investigated the potential relationship between TPM1 polymorphisms and risk of NSOC in a Chinese Han population. Four tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) of TPM1 (rs11071720, rs3803499, rs12148828, and rs1972041) were selected to conduct a case-control study with 673 NSOC patients and 705 unrelated healthy controls from a Chinese Han population. The SNPs were genotyped by the IPLEX Sequenom MassARRAY platform. SNP rs1972041GA showed a decreased risk of NSOC in heterozygotes (P = 0.038, OR = 0.77, 95%CI = [0.61, 0.99]). Further stratified analysis revealed an enhanced protective effect of the minor allele G at rs197204 on lip with cleft palate (CLP) and cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) groups under a codominant or dominant model. No association was observed between the remaining three markers (rs11071720, rs3803499, and rs12148828) and NSOC as well as its subgroups. TPM1 polymorphisms might contribute to the etiology of NSOC, and more emphasis should be placed on TPM1 during craniofacial development.


PubMed | Xuzhou Medical College and Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomedical reports | Year: 2016

The aim of the study was to examine the association among advanced glycation end products (AGEs), extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs), and investigate whether AGEs affect type I collagen (COL-I) through EMMPRIN or MMPs. A co-culture system with the osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3E1) and mouse RAW264.7 cells was employed to examine the effects of AGE-bovine serum albumin (BSA) (50 mg/l), EMMPRIN antibody (5 mg/l) and AGE-BSA+EMMPRIN antibody separately on COL-I expression for 24 h. Culture media were analyzed for the content of COL-I by ELISA. The effect of different concentrations of AGE-BSA (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/l) for 24 h was assessed on COL-I levels. Finally, semiquantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the osteoblast COL-I mRNA expression and MMP-2 and MMP-9s PMAO were also measured in the culture medium. COL-I content in the culture medium decreased significantly following treatment with AGE-BSA (P<0.05). EMMPRIN antibody increased COL-I content (P<0.05). EMMPRIN antibody+AGE-BSA increased COL-I significantly (P<0.05). Different concentrations of AGE-BSA increased COL-I mRNA expression significantly compared with the control group (P<0.05), and were enhanced with increasing AGE-BSA concentration (P<0.05). Also MMP-2 and MMP-9 secretion increased significantly (P<0.05), with the increasing AGE-BSA concentration. In conclusion, an increase in AGE levels


PubMed | Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2016

To study the impact of migraine-associated vertigo (MV) on the cognitive state of patients and their quality of life.A total of 120 patients were enrolled in the study, including 40 diagnosed with MV, forty with a simple migraine and 40 healthy volunteers. Cognitive assessments were done using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and a battery of tests for cognitive functions in performance, memory, language, space and attention during interictal periods. Also, MRI was used to detect brain white matter lesions and SF-36 for quality of life.The scores of cognitive tests (MMSE, tracing, memory and VFT scores) in MV cases were significantly lower than those in the simple migraine group. TMT-A and TMT-B scores in the MV group were the highest followed by those in the simple migraine group. The incidence of deep brain, peripheral lateral ventricle and total white matter lesions in the MV group was higher than that in the simple migraine group. Finally, the deep lesion and peripheral lateral ventricle scores in the MV group were significantly higher than those in the simple migraine group. The physical, social, mental and total health scores in the MV group were significantly lower than those in the simple migraine group. All the differences found between groups had statistical significance, and all the variables examined fared best in the healthy control group.MV patients show a more pronounced cognitive impairment than patients with a simple migraine or healthy volunteers, the incidence of brain white matter lesions is increased in them, and their quality of life is severely compromised.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University and Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

We hypothesized that microRNA binding site single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptor genes (FGFRs) may affect microRNA and mRNA interactions and are thereby associated with susceptibility of non-syndromic orofacial cleft (NSOC). Ten SNPs among the FGF and FGFR genes were selected and their associations with NSOC susceptibility were investigated in a case-control study of 602 patients with NSOC and 605 healthy controls. FGF2/rs1048201, FGF5/rs3733336 and FGF9/rs546782 showed suggestive association with NSOC susceptibility. In the combination analysis, the observed odds ratios (ORs) decreased with the number of protective alleles (rs1048201-T, rs3733336-G and rs546782-T) but were not statistically significant beyond the first comparison. Hsa-miRNA-496, hsa-miRNA-145 and hsa-miRNA-187 were predicted to be miRNAs with binding sites within/near these SNPs and were expressed in lip tissues. Decreased FGF2, FGF5 and FGF9 expression was observed in three cell lines transfected with the corresponding miRNAs. Moreover, the three SNPs could contribute to differential binding efficacy between hsa-miRNA-496 and FGF2, hsa-miRNA-145 and FGF5, hsa-miRNA-187 and FGF9 in luciferase assay. The results suggest that FGF2/rs1048201, FGF5/rs3733336 and FGF9/rs546782 are associated with the risk of NSOC and that these miRNA-FGF interactions may affect NSOC development.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University and Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oral diseases | Year: 2016

FOXE1 plays an important role in craniofacial development. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between genetic variants of FOXE1 and risk of non-syndromic orofacial clefts in a Chinese population.Three potentially functional SNPs of FOXE1 (rs3758250 and rs907577 in the 5 upstream and rs7043516 in the 3-UTR) were selected and their associations with non-syndromic orofacial cleft susceptibility were investigated in a case-control study from a Chinese population (602 cases and 605 controls). Genotyping was performed with double ligation and multiplex fluorescence PCR. Associations between the SNPs and risk of non-syndromic orofacial clefts and its subgroups were estimated from unconditional logistic regression analysis. Luciferase reporter assay was conducted to assess SNP function.Overall, we did not find any of the individual SNP or haplotype was associated with NSOC susceptibility. Nevertheless, in stratified analysis, we found rs7043516, locating in the 3-UTR of FOXE1, was associated with risk of cleft lip only. Further invitro luciferase assay indicated that this SNP could contribute to differential binding ability with miRNA.Taken together, this study showed that rs7043516 may be considered as a potentially susceptible marker of cleft lip only among Chinese Han populations.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University, Xuzhou Medical College and Xuzhou First Peoples Hospital
Type: | Journal: Neurotoxicology | Year: 2016

Postsynaptic density protein-93 (PSD-93) is enriched in the postsynaptic density and is involved in N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) triggered neurotoxicity through PSD-93/NMDAR/nNOS signaling pathway. In the present study, we found that PSD-93 deficiency reduced infarcted volume and neurological deficits induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in the mice. To identify novel targets of PSD-93 related neurotoxicity, we applied isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitative (iTRAQ) labeling and combined this labeling with on-line two-dimensional LC/MS/MS technology to elucidate the changes in protein expression in PSD-93 knockout mice following tMCAO. The proteomic data set consisted of 1892 proteins. Compared to control group, differences in expression levels in ischemic group >1.5-fold and <0.66-fold were considered as differential expression. A total of 104 unique proteins with differential abundance levels were identified, among which 17 proteins were selected for further validation. Gene ontology analysis using UniProt database revealed that these differentially expressed proteins are involved in diverse function such as synaptic transmission, neuronal neurotransmitter and ion transport, modification of organelle membrane components. Moreover, network analysis revealed that the interacting proteins were involved in the transport of synaptic vesicles, the integrity of synaptic membranes and the activation of the ionotropic glutamate receptors NMDAR1 and NMDAR2B. Finally, RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that SynGAP, syntaxin-1A, protein kinase C , and voltage-dependent L-type calcium channels were inhibited by ischemia-reperfusion. Identification of these proteins provides valuable clues to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the actions of PSD-93 in ischemia-reperfusion induced neurotoxicity.

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