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Mital M.,XLRI | Chang V.,Leeds Beckett University | Choudhary P.,XLRI | Choudhary P.,HCL Infosystems | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2016

Smart homes, smart communities, and other applications based on the Internet of Things (IOT) and cloud based services technology are in the evolutionary phase in India. Our research is the first attempt to explore cloud based IOT in India. There is a dearth of exploratory studies that explain the adoption of cloud based IOT from a multiple theory perspective: Technology Acceptance Model, Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior. So, the main contribution of our research is to explore the adoption of IOT and cloud computing based systems in India. This research has wide ranging implications on the future of IOT, and can be extended to elderly health and support, energy efficient systems and smart cities. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Mital M.,XLRI | Pani A.K.,XLRI | Damodaran S.,XLRI | Ramesh R.,State University of New York at Buffalo
Computers in Industry | Year: 2015

In this study, the implementation of cloud based smart community management and control system was undertaken. SmartComunity.in is a flexible platform to manage and control the affairs of a condominium or society with thorough participation, visibility and transparency. Our research is the first attempt to study one such real life system of cloud based control and management in a smart housing community in India. There is a dearth of exploratory studies that explain the diffusion and adoption of cloud computing in different contexts and from a multiple stakeholder perspective. So, the main contribution of our research is to understand the framework of cloud computing based smart community services in India and the emerging cloud computing ecosystems. This research has wide ranging implications on the future of Internet of Things, and can be extended to elderly health and support, energy efficient systems and smart cities. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Mital M.,XLRI | Pani A.K.,XLRI | Damodaran S.,XLRI | Ramesh R.,State University of New York at Buffalo
20th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2014 | Year: 2014

The purpose of the study is to investigate the existence of network governance in the software as a service value network. The study analyzes the processes of Software as a Service (SaaS) solution implementation through case study methodology. The study analyzes how the existence of four conditions: uncertain demand with stable supply, customized exchange high in human asset specificity, complex task under intense time pressure and frequent exchange among parties, lead to the emergence of network governance. The study found that network governance enabled coordination, control and safeguarding through social mechanisms of restricted access, macrocultures, collective sanctions and reputation. The main contribution of the study is to empirically investigate the emergence of network governance in a real life context of the software as a service value network.

Saldanha J.P.,West Virginia University | Mello J.E.,Arkansas State University | Knemeyer A.M.,Ohio State University | Vijayaraghavan T.A.S.,XLRI
Journal of Supply Chain Management | Year: 2015

Supply chain technology (SCT) facilitates information transfer within and across firm boundaries. However, institutional environments in emerging markets give rise to challenges that inhibit the implementation of SCT and the consequent realization of its benefits. Unfortunately, there is a lack of understanding as to the nature or the extent of these implementation challenges. We undertook a grounded theory study in the emerging market of India to investigate how SCT is implemented when subjected to prevailing institutional pressures. Based on an analysis of interviews with 50 supply chain managers, we find that early adopters of SCT experience significant and numerous unmet expectations associated with SCT implementation. These unmet expectations arise from competing institutional logics with the resultant isomorphic pressure causing the juxtaposition of two incompatible supply chains in India. A key finding of this study contradicts extant research, supporting recent work in emerging markets, to suggest a need to reassess our mental models developed in the West and conceptualize de novo models that are sensitive to the institutional environments of emerging markets. © 2014 Institute for Supply Management, Inc.

Mital M.,XLRI | Pani A.,XLRI | Ramesh R.,State University of New York at Buffalo
Computers in Industry | Year: 2014

The ever increasing Internet bandwidth and the fast changing needs of businesses for effectiveness with the partners in the procurement chain and is leading organizations to adopt information systems infrastructures that are cost effective as well as flexible. The question seems to be: what is driving organizations to go in for Software as a Service (SaaS) based e-procurement and ERP, rather than the packaged model of software provisioning? Whereas there have been studies reporting technology, cost, quality, network externalities and process as the main variables in the utility function of the user, but most of the studies have modelled either one or two in the their models. The study is exploratory in nature and tries to identify, classify and rank dimensions affecting SaaS sourcing decisions. In this study, we developed an integrative framework to identify the determinants of choice of SaaS in the specific context of SaaS based e-procurement and ERP. The framework was then analyzed using the extended Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method suggested by Liberatore (1987) and the relative importance and the weights of the criteria identified using data collected on 8 users and 9 service providers of SaaS based e-procurement and ERP. Although the analysis helped in identifying quality and costs as the two most important determinants of choice of SaaS based e-procurement and ERP, but the other criteria such as network externality benefits, technology and process were also found to be significant determinants of choice. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Galati G.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Leonardi M.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Piracci E.G.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Petrochilos N.,University of Reims | Samanta S.,XLRI
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine | Year: 2014

The secondary surveillance radar (SSR), that is an evolution of the military identification friend-or-foe systems, is widely used by air traffic control service providers to localize and identify co-operating aircraft equipped with a standard transponder [1]. The ground SSR installation transmits interrogations, from a rotating, narrow azimuthal beam antenna. The airborne transponders, once they have received an interrogation, transmit at a 1,090-MHz carrier a reply signal containing the requested data, i.e., identity (mode A reply) or fight level (mode C reply). Azimuth and range of the aircraft are measured by the interrogator, based on the delay of the reply and on the antenna pointing angle. The current SSR standard is based on the use of selective interrogations and replies and is called mode S: to reduce the interferences, the mode S protocol is based on a message format that includes the unique address of the aircraft. The airborne segment of the SSR is composed of the transponder and a pair of antennas on top and on the bottom of the fuselage. As the aircraft antennas are omnidirectional, many ground stations can receive the replies. This allowed the development of multilateration (MLAT) systems for the aircraft localization based on 1,090-MHz signals [2]. A typical MLAT system is composed of a distributed network of 1,090-MHz sensors, an interconnecting facility, and a central processor for the fusion of the sensor data. The data fusion relies on the estimation of the signals arrival time at the different stations and on hyperbolic localization. To identify the emitters, the processing is done with mode A replies or mode S replies that contain the emitter identity. A transponder with mode S capability can also transmit a particular downlink format message, called squitter, containing the aircraft's unique address and other information. The squitter signals are not elicited by the SSR interrogation, but they are spontaneously emitted at pseudoperiodical intervals. They are the basis of the automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) concept [3]: the ADS-B OUT function periodically transmits information (identity, position, state, etc.) about the aircraft, and the ADS-B IN function receives the messages from nearby traffic. On the airborne side, the ADS-B OUT broadcasts data with onboard equipment using the squitter signals. The airborne ADS-B IN equipment provides to the pilot the traffic scenario, receiving the messages from ground and nearby aircraft ADS-B OUT. Moreover, the ADS-B IN can receive other ground services: the traffic information services-broadcast (TIS-B) and the fight information services-broadcast (FIS-B) [3]. Airport vehicles can be equipped with an ADS-B OUT, a simplified, nonflyable device transmitting 1,090-MHz squitter signals containing the identity and the position. As a matter of fact, there are various users of the 1,090-MHz channel: 1) SSR transponder replies (modes A, C, S); 2) ADS-B OUT messages; 3) MLAT systems with interrogation capability; and 4) TIS-B. © 1986-2012 IEEE.

Venugopal P.,XLRI
International Journal of Rural Management | Year: 2012

Demand for consumer goods in rural markets in the emerging economies is increasing, and these markets are being targeted by multinational companies marketing consumer goods. While all companies are designing distribution strategies to reach the existing rural retail outlets and the periodic markets, a few companies are also developing innovative modes of distribution. Despite the availability of a product in the rural retail formats, some rural consumers were found to make their purchases from a nearby town. This article studied the outshopping behaviour of rural consumers and identified that the decision of what and where to purchase consumer goods could be inferred by identifying their urban orientation. A 'person-situation' framework is used to segment the rural market based on the rural consumers' urban orientation. This framework would help marketers plan their distribution for the rural consumers. The article also suggests a good promotional strategy should support the distribution strategies. © 2012 Institute of Rural Management.

Mital M.,XLRI | Sarkar S.,XLRI
Information Technology and People | Year: 2011

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the multihoming behavior of users on social networking web sites in the absence or the presence of product differentiation. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is to build a theoretical model to explain the multihoming behavior of users on social networking web sites. Findings: Under multihoming without product differentiation, all members of the smaller network multihome to the bigger network and the social networking web site with the bigger network size benefits from multihoming. Under multihoming with product differentiation, when the smaller network differentiates its product from the bigger network, then all members of the bigger network will multihome to the smaller network. Welfare is higher for both sided multihoming and both sided multihoming will happen only when the social networking web sites are differentiated in terms of features. Research limitations/implications: The model is a theoretical model and will need to be tested empirically. Practical implications: The results of the model indicate that multihoming results in increased utility for the users of social networking web sites when the two web sites are differentiated in terms of features. Originality/value: From the literature available in the public domain, the paper has not found any existing theoretical model to explain multihoming behavior of users on social networking web sites. The paper fulfils this objective. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Mital M.,XLRI | Pani A.K.,XLRI | Damodaran S.,XLRI
Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization | Year: 2015

The development authorities are facing an exponential increase in the information, and the management of storage and flow of this information is becoming difficult day-by-day, resulting in the definite need of the implementation of information technological tools to maintain the same. Many of the development authorities have implemented or in the process of implementation of IT for complete or partial functioning. Since the development authorities in the state are classified in A/B/C categories depending upon the size and functionality, the priority of the functional requirement also varies to match the budget of IT implementation. To cater the prioritized implementation, the complete application needs to be designed in a modular form consisting of multiple systems, which are individually a complete system in itself but may be integrated with other systems to form efficient information flow. Ghaziabad Development Authority (GDA) had three options: Both the IASP and the citizen portal are on-premise solutions, both the IASP and the citizen portal are on cloud, and the IASP is hosted on premise and the citizen portal is hosted on cloud. The primary aim of the case is to expose students to an infrastructure planning situation in an organization based on the requirements and resource constraints within an organization. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

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