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Hangzhou, China

Wang J.,Zhejiang University | Wang J.,Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases | Yang J.,Hangzhou Normal University | Yang Z.,Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2016

Retinoblastoma binding protein 4 (RbAp48) is a histone chaperone which has been suggested to play a role in gene silencing. However, the role of RbAp48 in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and gene replication has not been determined to date, to the best of our knowledge. For this purpose, we demonstrated in the present study that RbAp48 expression was upregulated by HIV-1 infection, whereas the knockdown of RbAp48 promoted HIV infection and the production of virus particles. The ectopic expression of RbAp48 inhibited HIV-1 expression, and this inhibition correlated with a marked decrease in the expression of HIV-1 genomic RNA and various RNA transcripts. Further experiments to determine the mechanism responsible for the inhibitory effects of RbAp48 revealed that the ectopic expression of RbAp48 repressed HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR)-mediated basal transcription as well as TNF-and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) activated transcription. Furthermore, the results of the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis revealed that RbAp48 binds to the HIV-1 LTR in vitro. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that, as a transcriptional cofactor, RbAp48 is likely to act as a potent antiretroviral defense. Source

Liang Y.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | du J.-Y.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Qiu Y.-J.,Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou | Fang J.-F.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine | Year: 2015

Objective: To investigate whether analgesic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) is affected by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) on microglia. Methods: There were two experiments. The experiment 1: 40 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the normal, surgery, EA and sham EA groups, and the L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) on the right side was used to establish neuropathic pain model. EA was applied to bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Kunlun (BL60) at 24, 48 and 72 h after SNL for 30 min, once per day. The paw withdrawal thresholds (PWTs) were measured before surgery (as base) and at 24, 25, 49 and 73 h after surgery. Phospho-p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), oxycocin-42 (OX-42, marker of microglia), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, marker of astrocyte) in bilateral spinal cord dorsal horn (SCDH) were detected by immunofluorescence, respectively. The experiment 2: 40 male SD rats were cannulated for SNL-induced neuropathic pain, and then were randomly divided into the dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), EA plus DMSO, 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfonylpheny)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1H-imidazole (SB203580) and EA plus SB203580 groups. SB203580 (30 nmol/L) was administered 5 min prior to EA treatment. The PWTs and OX-42 in bilateral SCDH were measured as mentioned above. Results: SNL-induced neuropathic pain reduced PWTs and increased the expression of p-p38 MAPK and OX-42 in bilateral lumbar SCDH of rats (P<0.01). Spinal p-p38 MAPK was only co-localized with OX-42 in our study. EA treatment significantly alleviated SNL-mediated mechanical hyperalgesia, and suppressed the expression of p-p38 MAPK and OX-42 in lumbar SCDH (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Intrathecal injection of low dose SB203580 had no influence on PWTs (P>0.05), but significantly inhibited the expression of OX-42 positive cells in bilateral SCDH (P<0.01 or P<0.05). EA plus SB203580 synergistically increased PWTs, and reduced the expression of bilateral spinal OX-42 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusions: The central mechanism of EA-induced anti-hyperalgesia may be partially associated with the reduced expression of p-p38 MAPK, and subsequently reducing the activation of OX-42 in neuropathic pain. Therefore, EA may be a new complementary and alternative therapy for neuropathic pain. © 2015 Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Source

Huang P.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhang H.,Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou | Zhang X.-F.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhang X.,Nanjing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2015

Background: In qualitative diagnosis of bile duct stenosis, single diagnostic measure is difficult to make a correct diagnosis, to combine several diagnostic techniques may be helpful to make an accurate diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of intraductal ultrasonography (IDUS), endoscopic brush cytology and K-ras, P53 gene mutation in the early diagnosis of malignant biliary stricture. Methods: From February 2012 to February 2013, 84 patients with suspected malignant biliary stricture were performed IDUS firstly, then endoscopic brush cytology and finally K-ras, P53 gene mutation detection, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of all above ways were evaluated and compared. Results: Of 84 patients, 52 cases were ultimately diagnosed malignant biliary stenosis; of which, 9 cases had no recurrence or metastasis to other organs after radical operation during the follow-up period. IDUS combined with brush cytology and K-ras + P53 gene mutation detection had obvious advantage in the sensitivity, accuracy and negative predictive value than any other joint detection and single detection (the advantage was more significant compared with IDUS + brush cytology or any single detection P < 0.01). There were obvious statistical significance in the sensitivity and accuracy between IDUS + brush cytology + P53 or IDUS + brush cytology + K-ras and IDUS + brush cytology or IDUS (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significance in the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy between IDUS + brush cytology + P53 and IDUS + brush cytology + K-ras (P > 0.05). Conclusions: IDUS combined with brush cytology and K-ras, P53 gene mutation detection is better than the separate detection and contribute to the early diagnosis of malignant biliary stricture. Its more widespread use is recommended. © 2015, Chinese Medical Association. All rights reserved. Source

Zang S.,Hangzhou Normal University | Zang S.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Ma X.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Zhuang Z.,Hangzhou Normal University | And 12 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology | Year: 2016

An imbalance between neutrophil elastase (NE) and its inhibitor α1-antitrypsin (A1AT) is known to contribute to the development of obesity-related inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the role of the NE-A1AT system in the histological progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to evaluate the ability of it to predict nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). A total of 252 adults (NAFLD group, n = 202; healthy group, n = 50) were recruited. Clinical biochemical characteristics, NE and A1AT concentrations were measured in all subjects. Among the NAFLD group, 86 patients had previously undergone liver biopsy and information on histological characteristics was consequently available. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to determine the predictive accuracy of the NE-A1AT system for NASH. NAFLD patients had an elevated serum NE concentration and a reduced A1AT level with consequent NE/A1AT imbalance. NE increased in the early stage of steatosis, preceding the decline in A1AT, dating from the onset of NASH (NAS 3-4), and subsequently NE/A1AT increased in the presence of NASH. Nonetheless, this increase began to resolve as the disease state progressed to advanced fibrosis. A1AT had a sensitivity (SEN) of 83.8% and a specificity (SP) of 83.3% with the optimal cut-off of -1459.43, NE/A1AT had a SEN of 88.8% and a SP of 83.3% with cut-off of 0.363 to predict NASH. An increased NE: A1AT ratio is closely associated with liver Inflammation in patients with NASH and could serve as a novel marker to predict NASH in humans. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Source

Wu P.,Zhejiang University | Wu D.,Zhejiang University | Li L.,Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou | Chai Y.,Zhejiang University | Huang J.,Zhejiang University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Background: Numerous agents targeting PD-L1/PD-1 check-point are in clinical development. However, the correlation between PD-L1expression and prognosis of solid tumor is still in controversial. Here, we elicit a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the potential value of PD-L1 in the prognostic prediction in human solid tumors. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for studies evaluating the expression of PD-L1 and overall survival (OS) of patients with solid tumors. Odds ratios (ORs) from individual studies were calculated and pooled by using a random-effect model, and heterogeneity and publication bias analyses were also performed. Results: A total of 3107 patients with solid tumor from 28 published studies were included in the meta-analysis. The median percentage of solid tumors with PD-L1 overexpression was 52.5%. PD-L1 overexpression was associated with worse OS at both 3 years (OR = 2.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.60 to 3.70, P < 0.0001) and 5 years (OR = 2.23, 95% CI = 1.40 to 3.55, P = 0.0008) of solid tumors. Among the tumor types, PD-L1 was associated with worse 3 year-OS of esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and urothelial cancer, and 5 year-OS of esophageal cancer, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. Conclusions: These results suggest that expression of PD-L1 is associated with worse survival in solid tumors. However, the correlations between PD-L1 and prognosis are variant among different tumor types. More studies are needed to investigate the clinical value of PD-L1 expression in prognostic prediction and treatment option. © 2015 Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

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