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Diepenbeek, Belgium

Peeters M.,Hasselt University | Csipai P.,Hasselt University | Csipai P.,University of Sao Paulo | Geerets B.,Hasselt University | And 11 more authors.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

In this work, we will present a novel approach for the detection of small molecules with molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)-type receptors. This heat-transfer method (HTM) is based on the change in heat-transfer resistance imposed upon binding of target molecules to the MIP nanocavities. Simultaneously with that technique, the impedance is measured to validate the results. For proof-of-principle purposes, aluminum electrodes are functionalized with MIP particles, and l-nicotine measurements are performed in phosphate-buffered saline solutions. To determine if this could be extended to other templates, histamine and serotonin samples in buffer solutions are also studied. The developed sensor platform is proven to be specific for a variety of target molecules, which is in agreement with impedance spectroscopy reference tests. In addition, detection limits in the nanomolar range could be achieved, which is well within the physiologically relevant concentration regime. These limits are comparable to impedance spectroscopy, which is considered one of the state-of-the-art techniques for the analysis of small molecules with MIPs. As a first demonstration of the applicability in biological samples, measurements are performed on saliva samples spiked with l-nicotine. In summary, the combination of MIPs with HTM as a novel readout technique enables fast and low-cost measurements in buffer solutions with the possibility of extending to biological samples. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Clukers T.,Hasselt University | Clukers T.,Xios University College Limburg | Van Grinsven B.,Hasselt University | Vandenryt T.,Hasselt University | And 12 more authors.
Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings | Year: 2011

Recently, the concept of creating a boron doped nanocrystalline diamond (B-NCD) based temperature regulator for bio-sensing applications was proven. In this work, the next step is taken, i.e. one device working simultaneously as thermistor and heater. In combination with a PID-control., it is possible to create a temperature control, with possible set points going from room temperature till 70°C, with an accuracy exceeding a maximum temperature variation of 0.2°C. Parallel with steering the temperature by varying the current through the B-NCD film, its resistance is measured with a 4-point measurement from which the temperature can be derived using a calibration curve. This value is the feedback for the PID-control to steer the current used for the regulation. © 2011 Materials Research Society.

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