Xinxiang, China

Xinxiang Medical University
Xinxiang, China

Xinxiang Medical University is located at Xinxiang city in the northern part of Henan province of China.Xinxiang Medical University has a vast campus with about 7000 undergraduates.Foreign Students Programme of Xinxiang Medical University under the International Education Institute of XXMU, a foreign students programme, has been running successfully at the university since 2001.There are more than 120 foreign students pursuing Western Medicine studies at this college. Wikipedia.

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Wang H.,Xinxiang Medical University | Ye J.,Louisiana State University
Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders | Year: 2015

Inflammation regulates energy metabolism in both physiological and pathological conditions. Pro-inflammatory cytokines involves in energy regulation in several conditions, such as obesity, aging (calorie restriction), sports (exercise), and cancer (cachexia). Here, we introduce a view of integrative physiology to understand pro-inflammatory cytokines in the control of energy expenditure. In obesity, chronic inflammation is derived from energy surplus that induces adipose tissue expansion and adipose tissue hypoxia. In addition to the detrimental effect on insulin sensitivity, pro-inflammatory cytokines also stimulate energy expenditure and facilitate adipose tissue remodeling. In caloric restriction (CR), inflammatory status is decreased by low energy intake that results in less energy supply to immnue cells to favor energy saving under caloric restriction. During physical exercise, inflammatory status is elevated due to muscle production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which promote fatty acid mobilization from adipose tissue to meet the muscle energy demand. In cancer cachexia, chronic inflammation is elevated by the immune response in the fight against cancer. The energy expenditure from chronic inflammation contributes to weight loss. Immune tolerant cancer cells gains more nutrients during the inflammation. In these conditions, inflammation coordinates energy distribution and energy demand between tissues. If the body lacks response to the pro-inflammatory cytokines (Inflammation Resistance), the energy metabolism will be impaired leading to an increased risk for obesity. In contrast, super-induction of the inflammation activity leads to weight loss and malnutrition in cancer cachexia. In summary, inflammation is a critical component in the maintenance of energy balance in the body. Literature is reviewed in above fields to support this view. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

We performed a genome-wide association study of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by genotyping 1,077 individuals with ESCC and 1,733 control subjects of Chinese Han descent. We selected 18 promising SNPs for replication in an additional 7,673 cases of ESCC and 11,013 control subjects of Chinese Han descent and 303 cases of ESCC and 537 control subjects of Chinese Uygur-Kazakh descent. We identified two previously unknown susceptibility loci for ESCC: PLCE1 at 10q23 (P(Han combined for ESCC) = 7.46 x 10(-56), odds ratio (OR) = 1.43; P(Uygur-Kazakh for ESCC) = 5.70 x 10(-4), OR = 1.53) and C20orf54 at 20p13 (P(Han combined for ESCC) = 1.21 x 10(-11), OR = 0.86; P(Uygur-Kazakh for ESCC) = 7.88 x 10(-3), OR = 0.66). We also confirmed association in 2,766 cases of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma cases and the same 11,013 control subjects (PLCE1, P(Han for GCA) = 1.74 x 10(-39), OR = 1.55 and C20orf54, P(Han for GCA) = 3.02 x 10(-3), OR = 0.91). PLCE1 and C20orf54 have important biological implications for both ESCC and GCA. PLCE1 might regulate cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and angiogenesis. C20orf54 is responsible for transporting riboflavin, and deficiency of riboflavin has been documented as a risk factor for ESCC and GCA.

Zhang L.F.,Xinxiang Medical University
Hepato-gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been considered to be relevant to an increased risk of several different types of cancers. However, its relationship with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) remains unclear. To investigate a quantitative assessment of this relationship, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between diabetes and the risk of ECC. We identified studies by searching Embase (from 1 January 1974 to 30 June 2012), Medline (from 1 January 1966 to 30 June 2012), and the reference lists of related articles. Summary relative risks (RRs) with corresponding 95% CIs were calculated with a random-effects model. A total of 9 articles (4 case-control and 5 cohort studies) were included in this study. Compared with those without DM, individuals with DM had an increased risk of ECC (for case-control studies: summary OR=1.61, 95% CI: 1.05-2.49, p=0.063 for heterogeneity; for cohort studies: summary RR=1.61, 95% CI: 1.14-2.29, p=0.005 for heterogeneity). The funnel plot showed no evidence for publication bias concerning DM and the risk of ECC (Egger's test, p=0.699; Begg's test, p=0.175). These findings strongly reveal the positive link between DM and the increased risk of ECC.

BACKGROUND—: GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) deficiency is critical for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) uncoupling in endothelial dysfunction. MicroRNAs (miR) are a class of regulatory RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression. We investigated whether statins prevent endothelial dysfunction via miR-dependent GCH1 upregulation. METHODS—: Endothelial function was assessed by measuring acetylcholine- induced vasorelaxation in the organ chamber. MiR-133a expression was assessed by RT-qPCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization. RESULTS—: We first demonstrated that GCH1 mRNA is a target of miR-133a. In endothelial cells, miR-133a was robustly induced by cytokines/oxidants and inhibited by lovastatin. Furthermore, lovastatin upregulated GCH1 and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), and recoupled eNOS in stressed endothelial cells. These actions of lovastatin were abolished by enforced miR-133a expression and were mirrored by a miR-133a antagomir. In mice, hyperlipidemia or hyperglycemia induced ectopic miR-133a expression in the vascular endothelium, reduced GCH1 protein and BH4 levels, and impaired endothelial function, which were reversed by lovastatin or miR-133a antagomir. These beneficial effects of lovastatin in mice were abrogated by in vivo miR-133a overexpression or GCH1 knockdown. In rats, multiple cardiovascular risk factors including hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hyperhomocysteinemia resulted in increased miR-133a vascular expression, reduced GCH1 expression, uncoupled eNOS function, and induced endothelial dysfunction, which were prevented by lovastatin. CONCLUSIONS—: Statin inhibits aberrant miR-133a expression in the vascular endothelium to prevent endothelial dysfunction by targeting GCH1. Therefore, miR-133a represents an important therapeutic target for preventing cardiovascular diseases. © 2016 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and the American Heart Association, Inc.

Kou W.Z.,Xinxiang Medical University
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines | Year: 2013

We investigated the anti-tumor effects of Verbena officinalis extract on H22 tumor-bearing mice and its effect on immune function. Mice model of H22 solid tumor was established, the mice were divided into five groups and administered the extract, later, tumors were removed and inhibition rates were calculated; spleens were removed and spleen indices were calculated, and the sheep red blood cell-delayed-type hypersensitivity (SRBC-DTH) and the serum hemolysin level were determined. The Verbena officinalis extract had anti-tumor effect, with the inhibition rate reaching 38.78%, it also increased the spleen index to a certain extent, in addition, the changes in DTA and HA were not obvious compared with the model group. The Verbena officinalis extract had in vivo anti-tumor effect, while causing no damage on the immune function.

Yang Q.H.,Xinxiang Medical University
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines | Year: 2013

We studied the in vitro anti-tumor activity of Bidens Bipinnata L. extract. MTT assay was used to investigate the inhibitory effect of different concentrations of the extracts on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell lines and human cervical carcinoma (Hela) cell lines, and the IC50 values were calculated. The Bidens Bipinnata L. extract had different degrees of inhibitory effects on these two cells, and when exposure time was 48 h, the inhibition rate reached its peak, with IC50 values of 14.80 μg/mL and 13.50 μg/mL respectively. The Bidens Bipinnata L. extract had a good inhibitory effect on human HepG2 cell lines and Hela cell lines, and thus has certain development prospects.

Li X.,Xinxiang Medical University | Yang Z.,Xinxiang Medical University
Chemico-Biological Interactions | Year: 2015

Oridonin has been traditionally and widely used for treatment of various human diseases due to its uniquely biological, pharmacological and physiological functions. In this study, the interaction between oridonin and human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), in combination with fluorescence spectroscopy and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. We found that the hydrogen bond and van der Waals force are the major binding forces in the binding of oridonin to HSA. The binding of oridonin to HSA is driven by favorable enthalpy and unfavorable entropy. Oridonin can quench the fluorescence of HSA through a static quenching mechanism. The binding constant between oridonin and HSA is moderate and the equilibrium fraction of unbound oridonin fu> 60%. Binding site I is found to be the primary binding site for oridonin. Additionally, oridonin may induce conformational changes of HSA and affect its biological function as the carrier protein. The results of the current study suggest that oridonin can be stored and transported from the circulatory system to reach its target organ to provide its therapeutic effects. But its side-effect in the clinics cannot be overlook. The study provides an accurate and full basic data for clarifying the binding mechanism of oridonin with HSA and is helpful for understanding its effect on protein function during the blood transportation process and its biological activity in vivo. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Wang T.Y.,Xinxiang Medical University
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2011

Conventional genomic DNA extraction protocols need expensive and hazardous reagents for decontamination of phenolic compounds from the extracts and are only suited for certain types of tissue. We developed a simple, time-saving and cost-efficient method for genomic DNA extraction from various types of organisms, using relatively innocuous reagents. The protocol employs a single purification step to remove contaminating compounds, using a silica column and a non-hazardous buffer, and a chaotropic-detergent lysing solution that hydrolyzes RNA and allows the selective precipitation of DNA from cell lysates. We used this system to extract genomic DNA from different tissues of various organisms, including algae (Dunaliella salina), human peripheral blood, mouse liver, Escherichia coli, and Chinese hamster ovary cells. Mean DNA yields were 20-30 μg/cm(3) from fresh tissues (comparable to yields given by commercial extraction kits), and the 260/280 nm absorbance ratio was 1.8-2.0, demonstrating a good degree of purity. The extracted DNA was successfully used in PCR, restriction enzyme digestion and for recombinant selection studies.

Viral infections can disturb the functions of adipose tissues and thus result in metabolic diseases. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)), a synthetic analog of viral double-stranded RNA, induces innate antiviral responses by mimicking viral infection through the activation of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5). Poly(I:C) also inhibits the differentiation of mouse preadipocytes but the mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. In this study, poly(I:C) inhibited preadipocyte differentiation in a dose-dependent manner, but not in a time-dependent manner. Endogenously transfected poly(I:C) severely impaired the adipogenesis of preadipocytes compared with exogenously added poly(I:C). Low concentration of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) could effectively inhibit the preadipocyte differentiation. The effect of exogenously added poly(I:C) on inhibition of differentiation was significantly diminished in the preadipocytes of TLR3 knockout mice. By contrast, endogenously transfected poly(I:C) still inhibited the differentiation of TLR3-deficient preadipocytes. Hence, MDA5/RIG-I signaling was involved in the poly(I:C)-induced inhibition of preadipocyte differentiation. The effect of poly(I:C) stimulation, either through endogenous transfection or exogenous addition, on inhibition of differentiation was significantly diminished in the preadipocytes of TNF-α knockout mice. These results confirmed the evidence that poly(I:C) inhibited the differentiation of mouse preadipocytes through PRR-mediated secretion of TNF-α.Immunology and Cell Biology advance online publication, 5 July 2016; doi:10.1038/icb.2016.57. © 2016 Australasian Society for Immunology Inc.

Zhang C.F.,Xinxiang Medical University
Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] | Year: 2013

To explore the effect of down-regulation of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) expression on cell proliferation and cell cycle of gastric carcinoma cells, and its possible molecular mechanism. Control siRNA and AEG-1 siRNA were transfected into gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells. 48 h after transfection, the cells were divided into 3 groups including untransfected, siRNA control and AEG-1 siRNA transfection groups. Expressions of AEG-1 mRNA and protein in the 3 group cells were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot. The changes of cell proliferation were examined using CCK-8 kit, and the cell cycle distribution was detected by flow cytometry. Finally, expressions of cell proliferation and cell cycle related proteins were detected by Western blot. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot demonstrated that compared with the untransfected and siRNA control groups, expressions of AEG-1 mRNA and protein were significantly down-regulated in the AEG-1 siRNA transfection group (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the untransfected and siRNA control groups (P > 0.05). Furthermore, in vivo experiment confirmed a significant down-regulation of AEG-1 protein in the AEG-1 siRNA transfection group (P < 0.05). In addition, AEG-1 siRNA obviously inhibited the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells at different time points after transfection with AEG-1 siRNA. The percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase in the AEG-1 siRNA transfection group [(61.26 ± 1.25)%] was significantly higher than those in the untransfected group [(46.17 ± 1.91)%] and siRNA control group [(46.46 ± 1.96)%], and there was a significant difference between them (all P < 0.001). Furthermore, the result of Western blotting revealed that down-regulation of AEG-1 expression evoked the down-regulation of cdk2 and cyclin D1 expressions and elevation of p21 expression in vitro and in vivo. The inhibition of cell proliferation and cell cycle arrest mediated by down-regulation of AEG-1 expression may be closely associated with the changes of expression of cell cycle related proteins including cdk2, cyclin D1 and p21.

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