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Cha E.,Xinjiang Medical University | Fu Z.-Y.,Xinjiang Medical University | Ma Y.-T.,Xinjiang Medical University | Zhu Q.,Xinjiang Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Lipids in Health and Disease | Year: 2014

Background: GP78 is a membrane-anchored ubiquitin ligase mediating the degradation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) and Insig-1, which was very essential for the synthesis of cholesterol process. Cholesterol levels have a causal role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the human gp78 gene polymorphism and coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Han and Uygur population of China. Methods: We used two independent case-control studies: a Han population (602 CAD patients and 572control subjects) and a Uygur population (374 CAD patients and 376control subjects). All CAD patients and controls were genotyped for the same three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs731119, rs2617849and rs2440472) of gp78 gene by a Real-time PCR instrument. Results: In the Han population, for total and men, the distribution of SNP3 (rs2440472) alleles and the dominant model (AA vs AG + GG) and recessive model (GG vs AG + AA) showed a significant difference between CAD and control participants (for allele: P = 0.003 and P = 0.002, respectively; for dominant model: P = 0.041 and P = 0.026, respectively; for recessive model: p = 0.004 and p = 0.004, respectively).The significant difference in both the two models was retained after adjustment for covariates (for dominant model OR:0.760, 95% confidence interval [CI]:0.584-0.99, P = 0.042; OR:0.686, 95% CI: 0.498-0.946, P = 0.022, respectively; for recessive model OR: 1.451, 95% CI: 1.067-1.974, P = 0.018; OR: 1.789, 95% CI: 1.219-2.627, P = 0.000). Our data was also assessed via haplotype-based case-control studies. For the Han population, for total, The G-T-G haplotype in CAD was significantly higher than that in the control group (P = 0.02), and the G-C-A haplotype in CAD was significantly lower than that in the control group (P = 0.0443), And for man, the G-T-G haplotype in CAD was significantly higher than that in the control group (P = 0.0048). Conclusions: The GG genotype and G allele of rs2440472 in gp78 gene could be a risk genetic marker of CAD in Han population in China. © 2014 Cha et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Tao J.,Xinjiang Medical University | Ma Y.-T.,Xinjiang Medical University | Xiang Y.,Xinjiang Medical University | Xie X.,Xinjiang Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Lipids in Health and Disease | Year: 2013

Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been scarcely studied in Xinjiang, a multi-ethnic region. Methods. Multi-ethnic, cross-sectional cardiovascular risk survey study in Xinjiang, including individuals of Uygur (n = 4695), Han (n = 3717) and Kazakh (n = 3196) ethnicities, aged 35-74 years. Analyses involved 11,608 participants with complete data enrolled between October 2007 and March 2010. Results: There were differences in age-standardized prevalence of CVD risk factors between the three groups (all P < 0.001). Hypertension, obesity and smoking rates were higher among Kazakh (54.6%, 24.5%, and 35.8%, respectively). Dyslipidemia prevalence was higher among Uygur (54.3%), and diabetes prevalence was higher among Hans (7.1%). Age-standardized prevalence of adverse CVD risk profiles was different across different ethnicities. Compared with the Han participants, the Uygur and Kazakh had more CVD risk factors (P < 0.001). Compared with the Han participants, the adjusted odds ratios of 1, 2, and ≥3 risk factors profiles for Kazakh and Uygur participants were higher (all P < 0.001). Conclusions: The present study showed the pervasive burden of CVD risk factors in all participant groups in the Xinjiang region. Three major ethnic groups living in Xinjiang had striking differences in the prevalence of major CVD risk factors and adverse risk profiles. Ethnic-specific strategies should be developed to prevent CVD in different ethnic groups, as well as to develop strategies to prevent future development of adverse CVD risk factors at a younger age. © 2013 Tao et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Xie X.,Xinjiang Medical University | Ma Y.-T.,Xinjiang Medical University | Yang Y.-N.,Xinjiang Medical University | Li X.-M.,Xinjiang Medical University | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Several studies have indicated that CYP2C19 loss-of-function polymorphisms have a higher risk of stent thrombosis (ST) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). However, this association has not been investigated thoroughly in a Chinese population. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 loss-of-function polymorphisms on the occurrence of ST and other adverse clinical events in a Chinese population. Methods: We designed a cohort study among 1068 consecutive patients undergoing intracoronary stent implantation after preloading with 600 mg of clopidogrel. CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The adverse clinical events recorded were ST, death, myocardial infarction (MI), and bleeding events. The primary end point of the study was the incidence of cumulative ST within 1 year after PCI. The secondary end point was other adverse clinical outcomes 1 year after the procedure. Results: The cumulative 1-year incidence of ST was 0.88% in patients with extensive metabolizers (EMs) (CYP2C19*1/*1 genotype), 4.67% in patients with intermediate metabolizers (IMs) (CYP2C19*1/*2 or *1/*3 genotype), and 10.0% in patients with poor metabolizers (PMs) (CYP2C19*2/*2, *2/*3, or *3/*3 genotype) (P<0.001). The one-year event-free survival was 97.8% in patients with EMs, 96.5% in patients with IMs, and 92.0% in patients with PMs (P = 0.014). Multivariate analysis confirmed the independent association of CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele carriage with ST (P = 0.009) and total mortality (P<0.05). Conclusion: PM patients had an increased risk of ST, death, and MI after coronary stent placement in a Chinese population. © 2013 Xie et al. Source

Luo J.-Y.,Xinjiang Medical University | Ma Y.-T.,Xinjiang Medical University | Yu Z.-X.,Xinjiang Medical University | Yang Y.-N.,Xinjiang Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Lipids in Health and Disease | Year: 2014

Aim. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in Xinjiang, China. Method. Stratified sampling method was used to select a representative sample of the general population including Chinese Han, Uygur, and Kazak in this geographic area. Seven cities were chosen. Based on the government records of registered residences, one participant was randomly selected from each household. The eligibility criterion for the study was ≥ 35 years of age. Results: A total of 14,618 participants (5,757 Han, 4,767 Uygur, and 4,094 Kazak), were randomly selected from 26 villages in 7 cities. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 52.72% in the all participants. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in Han than that in the other two ethnic (58.58% in Han, 48.27% in Uygur, and 49.60% in Kazak, P < 0.000). The prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in men than that in women (56.4% vs. 49.3%, P < 0.000). Among the participants with dyslipidemia, the proportion of those who aware, treat, control of dyslipidemia were 53.67%, 22.51%, 17.09% in Han, 42.19%, 27.78%, 16.20% in Uygur, 37.02%, 21.11%, 17.77% in Kazak. Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is highly prevalent in Xinjiang. The proportion of participants with dyslipidemia who were aware, treated, and controlled is unacceptably low. These results underscore the urgent need to develop national strategies to improve the prevention, detection, and treatment of dyslipidemia in Xinjiang. © 2014 Luo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Yang Y.-N.,Xinjiang Medical University | Wang X.-L.,Xinjiang Medical University | Ma Y.-T.,Xinjiang Medical University | Xie X.,Xinjiang Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis | Year: 2010

Objectives: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 is expressed in vascular endothelium and metabolizes arachidonic acid to biologically active epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which are potent endogenous vasodilators and inhibitors of vascular inflammation. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between the interaction of CYP2C19*3 polymorphism and smoking and coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Uighur population. Methods: In a Chinese Uighur case-control study of patients with CAD (n = 336) and healthy controls (n = 370), we investigated the roles of polymorphism in the CYP2C19 gene by the use of polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. Results: The CYP2C19*3 AG + AA genotype was significantly more prevalent in patients with CAD (6.25.0% vs 2.96%; P =.03). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed 4 independent risk factors: the interaction of CYP2C19*3 and smoking (OR 7.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.32-10.23; P =.009), smoking (OR 3.23, 95% CI 1.72-5.44; P =.003), blood sugar (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.03-4.21; P <.01), and hypertension (OR 1.74, 95% CI 0.98-2.34; P =.013). Conclusions: The CYP2C19*3 polymorphism and CAD were synergistically and significantly associated in Chinese Uighur patients. Source

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