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Liu J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Qi Y.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Lai H.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Zhang J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Phytomedicine | Year: 2014

In China, the plants of genus Kadsura had been used as the folk medicines for a long time and showed good effect of activating blood and dissolving stasis, promoting qi circulation to relieve pain, dispelling wind and eliminating dampness. The bioactivities of genus Kadsura were attributed to the existence of its characteristic chemical constituents. This review systematically summarized the traditional efficacy and medicinal application of genus Kadsura in China, chemical constituents and bioactivities of the plants of genus Kadsura. And, lignans and triterpenoids were the main bioactive constituents, which exhibited good anti-HIV, anti-tumor, anti-hepatitis, anti-oxidant, anti-platelet aggregation activities and neuroprotective effect etc. Moreover, some structure-activity relationships mining would greatly enrich the opportunity of finding new and promising lead compounds and promote the reasonable development and utilization of the plants of genus Kadsura. © 2014 Elsevier GmbH.


Shi L.-L.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | Ma G.-X.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | Ma G.-X.,Peking Union Medical College | Yang J.-S.,Peking Union Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs | Year: 2016

Objective: To study the chemical constituents from the arerial parts of Stelleropsis tianschanica. Methods: The constituents were isolated and purified by silica gel chromatography repeatedly, and the structures were identified by spectra analysis and chemical methods. Results: Thirteen compounds were isolated from S. tianschanica and the structures were identified as (+)-pinoresinol (1), (-)-pinoresinol (2), 3'-desmethylarctigenin (3), arctigenin (4), pluviatolide (5), umbelliferone (6), 4-(3,4- dimethoxybenzyl)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-ol (7), daphnogitin (8), daphnetone (9), blumenol B (10), loliolide (11), 4'-hydroxyacetophenone (12), and 4'-hydroxybenzoic acid (13). Conclusion: Compounds 1-13 were all obtained for the first time from the plant of S. tianschanica and the genus Stelleropsis Pobed. © 2016, Editorial Office of Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs. All right reserved.


Liu H.,Peking Union Medical College | Liu H.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | Liu J.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhang J.,Xinjiang Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Chromatographic Science | Year: 2016

A rapid and sensitive method based on HPLC-DAD-MS was developed for quantitative analysis of two flavonoids and chemical fingerprint analysis to evaluate the quality of Receptaculum Nelumbinis. The analysis was conducted on a Poroshell 120 C18 column (100 × 4.6 mm, 2.7 μm) with 0.2% formic acid buffer solution and methanol as mobile phases with gradient elution. This method displayed good linearity with R2 at >0.9999 and limits of quantity <0.37 μg mL-1. Relative standard deviation values for intra- and interday precision were <0.82 and 1.03%, respectively. The mean recovery of hyperoside was 95.54% and of isoquercitrin was 92.10%. Hyperoside and isoquercitrin were determined simultaneously, and 12 peaks in the chemical fingerprint were identified. The chemometric methods, including similarity analysis, hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to distinguish 11 batches of Receptaculum Nelumbinis samples. The above results could validate each other and successfully divide these samples into two groups. Moreover, hyperoside and isoquercitrin could be selected as chemical markers to evaluate the quality of Receptaculum Nelumbinis from different localities. This study demonstrated that the developed method was a powerful and beneficial tool to carry out the quality control of Receptaculum Nelumbinis. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


Li L.,CAS Institute of Remote Sensing | Li L.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhang B.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhang B.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

With both a full collection of native vascular plant distributions and a full checklist of source plants of the Chinese Materia Medica (CMM), the Uygur Medicine (UM), and the Kazak Medicine (KM) for the Xinjiang region, we defined medicinal plant: vascular plant ratios (simplified as medicinal plant ratios hereafter) as the value of medicinal plant richness divided by vascular plant richness. We aimed to find whether the ratios are constant or change in different environments, which environmental variables determine medicinal plant ratios, and whether the ratios are more influenced by human or by natural environments. Finally, suggestions for medicinal plant conservation were addressed. We found that (1) medicinal plant ratios were not constant, and they were high in the Tarim Basin which was largely covered by desert, while they were relatively low in mountainous areas, especially in the Tianshan Mountains where the general species richness was high; (2) medicinal plant ratios were not significantly influenced by human activities, indicated by human population density distributions, but they were highly correlated with plant species richness and climate, i.e. ratios decreased with plant species richness and MAP, and were related quadratically with MAT; (3) CMM ratio and UM ratio were more influenced by plant richness than by climate, while KM ratio was more influenced by climate. We concluded that the percentages of plants used as medicines were not influenced by distances from human settlements, but were determined by species richness or climate. We suggest that (1), in general, the medicinal plant ratio could be a complementary indicator for medicinal plant conservation planning and (2), for the region of Xinjiang, not only high diversity areas, but also some extreme environments should be considered as compensation for a better protection of medicinal plants. © 2016 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Li L.,Peking Union Medical College | Liu Y.,Peking University | Wang X.,Beijing Forestry University | Fang J.,Peking University | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Species pool hypothesis is broadly known and frequently tested in various regions and vegetation types. However it has not been tested in the arid Xinjiang region of China due to lack of data. Here with systematic data from references and field survey, we comprehensively examined species pool hypothesis in this region. Took species richness in 0.1° × 0.1° grid cells as regional species richness (RSR) which were obtained from the distribution maps of vascular plant species, and took species diversity of 190 and 103 plots in forest and grassland biomes across Xinjiang as local species richness (LSR), together with the digitalized soil pH and climate data, we tested the species pool hypothesis in this region. We found that: (1) the average RSR was higher in mountains than that in basins and it was negatively correlated with soil pH in mountains while positively correlated with soil pH in basins in Xinjiang; (2) RSR showed a positive correlation with mean annual precipitation (MAP) while showed a humpshaped pattern with mean annual temperature (MAT); and the changing patterns of LSR were different for forest and grassland along the geographical and climate gradients; (3) LSR of forest was more affected by RSR than by climate, while on the contrary, LSR of grassland was more affected by climate than by RSR. Our results validated the species pool hypothesis in revealing that RSR had a significant role in shaping LSR patterns in addition to climate. We concluded that the relative effects of climate vs. RSR on LSR differed markedly between the forest and grassland communities across Xinjiang. Our results also showed that RSR revealed a contrasting relationship with soil pH in mountains and in basins, which might reflect differences in evolutionary processes of various habitats. In summary, our research systematically analyzed the correlation of species richness in regional and local scales in Xinjiang which provides more insights into the understanding of species pool hypothesis. © 2015 Li et al.


Pan L.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | Jia X.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | Shi M.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine
Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi | Year: 2011

Objective: To investigate the state and distribution of Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cu in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Chrysanthemi Flos. Method: The samples were prepared by modified Tessier sequential extraction; The elements of Cu, Pb, and Cd in the samples were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), while Hg, and As were analyzed by atomic fluorescence (AFS). Result: Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg, As in Chrysanthemi Flos were 12.806, 10.478, 0.436, 0.231, 1.531 mg·kg-1, respectively. Cu, Pb, Hg in Chrysanthemi Flos mainly existed in residual and organic states; Cd was priority to ion exchange state; the residual state was the main form of As, and ion exchange state and water soluble state also had a large proportion. Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg, As in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were 10.530, 4.926, 0.478, 0.260, 0.750 mg·kg-1, respectively. Cu, Pb and Hg of residual state were the highest ratio; Cd and As mainly existed in ion exchange state. Conclusion: The experiment results showed that sequential extraction can be applied in speciation analysis of the harmful elements of traditional Chinese medicine. The method can speciate the state and distribution of harmful elements and provide the information of harmful elements. It will provide reference to the production of Chinese traditional patent medicine and herb extracts, processing of medicine herbs, the development of new drugs and safety evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine.


Liu H.,Peking Union Medical College | Lai H.,Peking Union Medical College | Jia X.,Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine | Liu J.,Peking Union Medical College | And 7 more authors.
Phytomedicine | Year: 2013

The fruit of Schisandra chinensis, namely "Wuweizi" in China, is a well-known herbal medicine and health food. In this paper, an accurate and reliable high performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and mass spectrometry was developed for quality evaluation of Wuweizi. Nine lignans, including schisandrol A, schisandrol B, angeloylgomisin H, gomisin G, schisantherin A, schisanhenol, schisandrin A, schisandrin B, and schisandrin C were determined simultaneously in forty-three batches of Wuweizi samples collected from different localities. Thirty-six common peaks were unequivocally identified or tentatively assigned by comparing their mass spectrometric data with reference compounds, self-established compound library and published literatures. And the thirty-six common peaks were selected as characteristic peaks to assess the similarity of chromatographic fingerprinting of these Wuweizi samples. Moreover, hierarchical clustering analysis and principal components analysis were successfully applied to demonstrate the variability of these Wuweizi samples. The results indicated the content of nine investigated lignans varied greatly among the samples, and samples collected from different localities could be discriminated. Furthermore, schisandrol A, schisandrol B, schisandrin B, and schisandrin C were found to chemical marker for evaluating the quality of Wuweizi. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine, Jilin Agricultural University and Xiamen University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Asian natural products research | Year: 2016

Five diarylpentanol derivatives including two new compounds stellerasme A (1), stellerasme B (2) were isolated from the aerial parts of Stelleropsis tianschanica. Their structures were elucidated by various spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, MS, CD, 1D and 2D NMR). All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity activity against HeLa and KB cell lines, and compound 1 showed selective activities against HeLa cell line with an IC50 value of 7.4M.


PubMed | Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine, Xinjiang Medical University and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of chromatographic science | Year: 2016

A rapid and sensitive method based on HPLC-DAD-MS was developed for quantitative analysis of two flavonoids and chemical fingerprint analysis to evaluate the quality of Receptaculum Nelumbinis. The analysis was conducted on a Poroshell 120 C18 column (100 4.6 mm, 2.7 m) with 0.2% formic acid buffer solution and methanol as mobile phases with gradient elution. This method displayed good linearity with R(2) at >0.9999 and limits of quantity <0.37 g mL(-1). Relative standard deviation values for intra- and interday precision were <0.82 and 1.03%, respectively. The mean recovery of hyperoside was 95.54% and of isoquercitrin was 92.10%. Hyperoside and isoquercitrin were determined simultaneously, and 12 peaks in the chemical fingerprint were identified. The chemometric methods, including similarity analysis, hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to distinguish 11 batches of Receptaculum Nelumbinis samples. The above results could validate each other and successfully divide these samples into two groups. Moreover, hyperoside and isoquercitrin could be selected as chemical markers to evaluate the quality of Receptaculum Nelumbinis from different localities. This study demonstrated that the developed method was a powerful and beneficial tool to carry out the quality control of Receptaculum Nelumbinis.


PubMed | Xinjiang Institute of Chinese and Ethnic Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica | Year: 2011

To investigate the state and distribution of Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cu in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Chrysanthemi Flos.The samples were prepared by modified Tessier sequential extraction; The elements of Cu, Pb, and Cd in the samples were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), while Hg, and As were analyzed by atomic fluorescence (AFS).Cu,Pb,Cd,Hg,As in Chrysanthemi Flos were 12.806, 10.478, 0.436, 0.231, 1.531 mg x kg(-1), respectively. Cu, Pb, Hg in Chrysanthemi Flos mainly existed in residual and organic states; Cd was priority to ion exchange state; the residual state was the main form of As, and ion exchange state and water soluble state also had a large proportion. Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg, As in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were 10.530, 4.926, 0.478, 0.260, 0.750 mg x kg(-1), respectively. Cu, Pb and Hg of residual state were the highest ratio; Cd and As mainly existed in ion exchange state.The experiment results showed that sequential extraction can be applied in speciation analysis of the harmful elements of traditional Chinese medicine. The method can speciate the state and distribution of harmful elements and provide the information of harmful elements. It will provide reference to the production of Chinese traditional patent medicine and herb extracts, processing of medicine herbs, the development of new drugs and safety evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine.

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