Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Science

Xinjiang, China

Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Science

Xinjiang, China

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Du J.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | He P.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | Fang S.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | Liu W.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Digital Earth | Year: 2017

Detecting changes in vegetation, distinguishing the persistence of changes, and seeking their causes during multiple periods are important to gaining a deeper understanding of vegetation dynamics. Using the Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) version NDVI3g dataset in the Tibetan Plateau, the trends in the seasonal components of NDVI and their linkage with climatic factors were analyzed over 14 asymptotic periods of 18–31 years since 1982. Dynamic trends in vegetation experienced an obvious increase at regional scale, but the increases of vegetation activity mostly tended to stall or slow down as the studied time period was extended. At pixel scale, areas with significant browning significantly expanded over 14 periods for all seasons, but for significant greening significantly increased only in autumn. The changes of vegetation activity in spring were the most drastic among three seasons. Increased increments of NDVI in summer, spring, and autumn took turns being the main reason for the enhanced vegetation activity in the growing season in the nested 14 periods. Vegetation activity was mainly regulated by a thermal factor, and the dominant climatic drivers of vegetation growth varied across different seasons and regions. We speculate that the increase of NDVI will continue but the increments will decline in all seasons except autumn. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Song W.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Zhao C.,Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection science | Zhang D.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Zhang D.,Institute of Geochemistry Chinese Academy of science | And 2 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2016

The effects of UV-B radiation (UVBR) on photosynthetic activity (Fv/Fm) of aquatic Synechocystis sp. and desert Chroococcus minutus and effects on composition and fluorescence property of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) from Synechocystis sp. and C. minutus were comparatively investigated. The desert cyanobacterium species C. minutus showed higher tolerance of PSII activity (Fv/Fm) to UVBR than the aquatic Synechocystis sp., and the inhibited PSII activity of C. minutus could be fully recovered while that of Synechocystis sp. could be partly recovered. UVBR had significant effect on the yield and biochemical composition of EPS of both species. Protein-like and humic acid-like substances were detected in EPS from Synechocystis sp., and protein-like and phenol-like fluorescent compounds were detected in EPS from C. minutus. Proteins in EPS of desert and aquatic species were significantly decomposed under UVBR, and the latter was more easily decomposed. The polysaccharides were much more resistant to UVBR than the proteins for both species. Polysaccharides of Synechocystis sp. was degraded slightly but those of C. minutus was little decomposed. The higher tolerance to UVBR of the desert cyanobacterium can be attributed to the higher resistance of its EPS to photodegradation induced by UVBR in comparison with the aquatic species. © 2016 Song, Zhao, Zhang, Mu and Pan.


Song W.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Zhao C.,Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection science | Mu S.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Pan X.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | And 5 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2015

Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) may flocculate or be decomposed when environmental factors change, which significantly influences nutrient cycling and transport of heavy metals. However, little information is available on the stability of EPS in natural environments. Fluorescence and flocculation properties of EPS from Chroococcus minutus under different irradiation and pH conditions were studied. Two aromatic protein-like fluorescence peaks and one tyrosine protein-like peak were identified from the excitation-emission-matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectra of EPS. UVB (ultraviolet B) and solar irradiation increased the fluorescence intensity of all the three peaks while UVC (ultraviolet C) irradiation had little effect. EPS formed unstable flocs after exposure to UV (ultraviolet) irradiation and formed stable flocs under solar irradiation. EPS were prone to flocculation under highly acidic conditions and minimal fluorescence of peaks was observed. The fluorophores in EPS were relatively stable under neutral and alkaline conditions. These findings are helpful for understanding the behavior of EPS in aquatic environments and their role in biogeochemical cycles of the elements. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Zhao C.,Tsinghua University | Zhao C.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Zhao C.,Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection science | Lu W.,Tsinghua University | Wang H.,Tsinghua University
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

In this study, biofuels (hydrogen and ethanol) fermentation from glucose and xylose by extreme thermophiles in an Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Bed (UASB) reactor was successfully demonstrated. Autoclaved methanogenic granules were used as carriers for the extreme thermophiles. High yields of hydrogen and ethanol were achieved at various HRTs from 24 h to 6 h. The highest hydrogen production rate of 121 ± 23 mL/(L h) and highest ethanol production rate of 6.7 ± 1.2 mmol/(L h) were observed at HRT = 12 h. The highest simultaneous hydrogen and ethanol yields were 0.58 ± 0.11 mol H 2/(mol hexose) and 0.72 ± 0.13 mol ethanol/(mol hexose), reaching a total energy yield of 1151 kJ/mol hexose. The substrate conversion efficiency was maintained over 90% at three HRTs (24, 18, and 12 h). Copyright © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Fang S.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Fang S.,Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Science | Xu L.D.,CAS Institute of Computing Technology | Xu L.D.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 7 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics | Year: 2014

Climate change and environmental monitoring and management have received much attention recently, and an integrated information system (IIS) is considered highly valuable. This paper introduces a novel IIS that combines Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing, Geoinformatics [remote sensing (RS), geographical information system (GIS), and global positioning system (GPS)], and e-Science for environmental monitoring and management, with a case study on regional climate change and its ecological effects. Multi-sensors and web services were used to collect data and other information for the perception layer; both public networks and private networks were used to access and transport mass data and other information in the network layer. The key technologies and tools include real-time operational database (RODB); extraction-transformation-loading (ETL); on-line analytical processing (OLAP) and relational OLAP (ROLAP); naming, addressing, and profile server (NAPS); application gateway (AG); application software for different platforms and tasks (APPs); IoT application infrastructure (IoT-AI); GIS and e-Science platforms; and representational state transfer/Java database connectivity (RESTful/JDBC). Application Program Interfaces (APIs) were implemented in the middleware layer of the IIS. The application layer provides the functions of storing, organizing, processing, and sharing of data and other information, as well as the functions of applications in environmental monitoring and management. The results from the case study show that there is a visible increasing trend of the air temperature in Xinjiang over the last 50 years (1962-2011) and an apparent increasing trend of the precipitation since the early 1980s. Furthermore, from the correlation between ecological indicators [gross primary production (GPP), net primary production (NPP), and leaf area index (LAI)] and meteorological elements (air temperature and precipitation), water resource availability is the decisive factor with regard to the terrestrial ecosystem in the area. The study shows that the research work is greatly benefited from such an IIS, not only in data collection supported by IoT, but also in Web services and applications based on cloud computing and e-Science platforms, and the effectiveness of monitoring processes and decision-making can be obviously improved. This paper provides a prototype IIS for environmental monitoring and management, and it also provides a new paradigm for the future research and practice; especially in the era of big data and IoT. © 2012 IEEE.


PubMed | Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, University of Rajshahi, Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection science and King Saud University
Type: | Journal: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces | Year: 2015

Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) may flocculate or be decomposed when environmental factors change, which significantly influences nutrient cycling and transport of heavy metals. However, little information is available on the stability of EPS in natural environments. Fluorescence and flocculation properties of EPS from Chroococcus minutus under different irradiation and pH conditions were studied. Two aromatic protein-like fluorescence peaks and one tyrosine protein-like peak were identified from the excitation-emission-matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectra of EPS. UVB (ultraviolet B) and solar irradiation increased the fluorescence intensity of all the three peaks while UVC (ultraviolet C) irradiation had little effect. EPS formed unstable flocs after exposure to UV (ultraviolet) irradiation and formed stable flocs under solar irradiation. EPS were prone to flocculation under highly acidic conditions and minimal fluorescence of peaks was observed. The fluorophores in EPS were relatively stable under neutral and alkaline conditions. These findings are helpful for understanding the behavior of EPS in aquatic environments and their role in biogeochemical cycles of the elements.


Han R.,Chang'an University | Han R.,Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Pollution | Zhao C.,Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Science | Liu J.,Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Pollution | And 3 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2015

A novel method for energy recycling from sewage sludge was developed through biophysical drying coupled with fast pyrolysis. Thermal decomposition properties of biophysical-dried sludge (BDS) and thermal-dried sludge (TDS) were characterized through thermogravimetric (TG) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. BDS exhibited typical peaks in each differential thermogravimetric (DTG) region and presented slower mass loss rates in H, C, and L regions (180-550) but remarkable weight loss in region I (550) compared with TDS. The charring process centered at region I, was responsible for the prominent H2 emission from BDS. The pseudo multicomponent model showed that the Em values of BDS and TDS were 48.84 and 37.75kJ/mol, respectively. Furthermore, fast pyrolysis of BDS was proven to facilitate syngas and char formation more than TDS. For the yielded syngas, the thermal conversion of BDS was characterized by high H2 and CH4 content beyond 700. © 2015.


PubMed | Tsinghua University, Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection & Pollution and Remediation of Water and Soil of Shaanxi Province, Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Science and Chang'an University
Type: | Journal: Bioresource technology | Year: 2015

A novel method for energy recycling from sewage sludge was developed through biophysical drying coupled with fast pyrolysis. Thermal decomposition properties of biophysical-dried sludge (BDS) and thermal-dried sludge (TDS) were characterized through thermogravimetric (TG) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. BDS exhibited typical peaks in each differential thermogravimetric (DTG) region and presented slower mass loss rates in H, C, and L regions (180-550C) but remarkable weight loss in region I (>550C) compared with TDS. The charring process centered at region I, was responsible for the prominent H2 emission from BDS. The pseudo multicomponent model showed that the Em values of BDS and TDS were 48.84 and 37.75 kJ/mol, respectively. Furthermore, fast pyrolysis of BDS was proven to facilitate syngas and char formation more than TDS. For the yielded syngas, the thermal conversion of BDS was characterized by high H2 and CH4 content beyond 700C.


Wen F.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | Wen F.,Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection science | Hou H.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | Yao N.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Chemosphere | Year: 2013

A laboratory repacked soil-leaching column experiment was conducted to study the effects of simulated acid rain or EDTA by themselves or in combination, on migration and chemical speciation distribution of Pb and its alternative rare metals including Ag, Bi, In, Sb, and Sn. Experimental results demonstrate that leaching with simulated acid rain promoted the migration of Bi, In and Pb, and their migration reached down to 8. cm in the soil profile, no enhancement of Sb, Ag or Sn migration was observed. Addition of EDTA significantly enhanced the migration of all six metals, especially Bi, In and Pb. The migration of metals was in the order Pb > Bi > In > Sb > Sn > Ag. The individual and combined effects of acid rain and EDTA increased the environmental risk of metals, by increasing the soluble content of metals in soil solutions and the relative distribution of the exchangeable fraction. Leaching risks of Bi, In and Pb were higher than other three metals. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Pollution and Remediation of Water and Soil of Shaanxi Province, Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Science and Chang'an University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Waste management & research : the journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA | Year: 2016

After biophysical drying, a novel biophysical dried sludge particle was obtained. This work aims to investigate the function and effects of particle sizes and moisture contents on the fast pyrolysis of biophysical dried sludge particles. The results showed that large particles (>4mm) favoured the oil generation with a maximum value of 19.0%, and small particles (<0.27mm) favoured the char yield with a maximum value of 60.6%. Medium particle fractions (between 0.27mm and 4mm) benefited syngas production and induced higher H2 and CO emission, owing to the well-developed microstructure, enrichment of cellulose, and enhanced catalytic effects during the charring process. The introduction of proper moisture content (53.9% to 62.6%) to biophysical dried sludge was found to dramatically enhance syngas yield, hydrogen production, and carbon conversion efficiency. H2 molar concentration reached a maximum of 46.02% at a moisture content of 53.9%, which was attributed to the steam reforming and steam gasification accompanying the initial biophysical dried sludge pyrolysis.

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